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Chalkyitsik[pronunciation?] (Jałk'iitsik[pronunciation?][1] in Gwich'in) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 69, down from 83 in 2000.

Chalkyitsik

Jałk'iitsik
Location of Chalkyitsik, Alaska
Location of Chalkyitsik, Alaska
Coordinates: 66°39′6″N 143°43′38″W / 66.65167°N 143.72722°W / 66.65167; -143.72722Coordinates: 66°39′6″N 143°43′38″W / 66.65167°N 143.72722°W / 66.65167; -143.72722
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaYukon-Koyukuk
Government
 • State senatorClick Bishop (R)
 • State rep.Dave Talerico (R)
Area
 • Total9.1 sq mi (23.5 km2)
 • Land8.7 sq mi (22.6 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total69
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code
99788
Area code(s)907
FIPS code02-11800

GeographyEdit

Chalkyitsik is located at 66°39′6″N 143°43′38″W / 66.65167°N 143.72722°W / 66.65167; -143.72722 (66.651529, -143.727356).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 9.1 square miles (24 km2), of which, 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (3.76%) is water. Chalkystik has a bitter subarctic climate.

ClimateEdit

Chalkyitsik has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc) with mild summers and severely cold winters. Precipitation is very low, but significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Chalkyitsik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 26
(−3)
35
(2)
48
(9)
62
(17)
77
(25)
94
(34)
90
(32)
84
(29)
69
(21)
52
(11)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
94
(34)
Average high °F (°C) −17.1
(−27.3)
−6.8
(−21.6)
18.6
(−7.4)
37.4
(3.0)
51.9
(11.1)
69.9
(21.1)
72.6
(22.6)
64.5
(18.1)
51
(11)
27.6
(−2.4)
3.4
(−15.9)
−8.7
(−22.6)
30.4
(−0.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) −26.1
(−32.3)
−17.6
(−27.6)
4.2
(−15.4)
26.1
(−3.3)
40.0
(4.4)
56.8
(13.8)
60.7
(15.9)
52.9
(11.6)
39.9
(4.4)
20.0
(−6.7)
−5.2
(−20.7)
−20.4
(−29.1)
19.3
(−7.1)
Average low °F (°C) −35.1
(−37.3)
−28.5
(−33.6)
−10.3
(−23.5)
14.8
(−9.6)
28.1
(−2.2)
43.6
(6.4)
48.7
(9.3)
41.3
(5.2)
28.7
(−1.8)
12.4
(−10.9)
−13.8
(−25.4)
−32.2
(−35.7)
8.1
(−13.3)
Record low °F (°C) −69
(−56)
−69
(−56)
−52
(−47)
−34
(−37)
−6
(−21)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
21
(−6)
1
(−17)
−21
(−29)
−46
(−43)
−65
(−54)
−69
(−56)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.25
(6.4)
0.11
(2.8)
0.27
(6.9)
0.21
(5.3)
0.22
(5.6)
1.1
(28)
1
(25)
1.04
(26)
0.45
(11)
0.54
(14)
0.35
(8.9)
0.46
(12)
6
(151.9)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.6
(9.1)
2.3
(5.8)
3.6
(9.1)
1.6
(4.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
6.4
(16)
6
(15)
6.1
(15)
29.7
(74.35)
Average precipitation days 5 3 3 2 3 6 7 7 5 5 5 6 57
Source: WRCC

EducationEdit

Yukon Flats School District operates the Tsuk Taih School.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
193035
194033−5.7%
196057
1970130128.1%
1980100−23.1%
199090−10.0%
200083−7.8%
201069−16.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

Chalkyitsik first appeared as an unincorporated village on the 1930 U.S. Census under the name of Fishhook, which is the literal translation of the native name,[5] not to be confused with the present census-designated place in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough. It appeared again in 1940, but failed to appear in 1950. It was returned in 1960 formally as Chalkyitsik, and has appeared on every successive census. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 83 people, 35 households, and 17 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 9.5 people per square mile (3.7/km²). There were 62 housing units at an average density of 7.1/sq mi (2.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 2.41% White and 97.59% Native American.

There were 35 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.6% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.4% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 14.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 137.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 185.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $16,250, and the median income for a family was $16,875. Males had a median income of $41,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,509. There were 54.5% of families and 52.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 100.0% of under eighteen and none of those over 64.

TransportationEdit

The city is served by Chalkyitsik Airport with one commercial airline. With only 69 residents, Chalkytsik has one of the lowest per-airline averages of residents in the United States.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ANLC : Alaska Native Place Names
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ "Mailing Addresses and Contact Information Archived 2016-12-20 at the Wayback Machine." Yukon Flats School District. Retrieved on December 4, 2016.
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  5. ^ "Geological Survey Professional Paper". 1949.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.