Chalcophaps is a genus of small doves, commonly called as 'Emerald Dove' in the family Columbidae that are found in Indomalaya and Australasia.

Chalcophaps indica1.JPG
Common emerald dove, Chalcophaps indica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Columbinae
Genus: Chalcophaps
Gould, 1843

See text.


The genus Chalcophaps was introduced by the English ornithologist John Gould in 1843.[1] The genus name combines the Ancient Greek khalkos meaning "bronze" and phaps meaning "pigeon".[2] The type species is the common emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica).[3]

The genus contains three species:[4]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
  Chalcophaps indica Common emerald dove or grey-capped emerald dove,[5] India to south China, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesian and west Papuan islands
  Chalcophaps longirostris Pacific emerald dove or brown-capped emerald dove,[5] Australia, Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, New Guinea, Santa Cruz and Banks Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia
Chalcophaps stephani Stephan's emerald dove Sulawesi, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

Members of this genus are small and short-tailed.[6]


  1. ^ Gould, John (1843). The Birds of Australia. Volume 5. London: self published. Plate 62 and text.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Birds Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ Schodde, R.; Mason, I.J. (1997). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Aves (Columbidae to Coraciidae). Volume 37.2. CSIRO publishing. pp. 25, 27. ISBN 978-0-643-06037-1.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Species search: Chalcophaps". Handbook of Birds of the World Alive. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  6. ^ Forshaw, Joseph (2015). Pigeons and Doves in Australia. Clayton South VIC, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-4863-0404-2.