Chalciporus

Chalciporus is a genus of fungi in the family Boletaceae (suborder Boletineae).[1] There are approximately 25 species in the genus.[2]

Chalciporus
Chalciporus piperatus LC0182.jpg
Chalciporus piperatus
Scientific classification
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Chalciporus

Bataille (1908)
Type species
Chalciporus piperatus
(Bull.) Bataille (1908)
Species

28 species

French mycologist Frédéric Bataille erected the genus in 1908, though it did not gain general acceptance for several decades and was often classified as a section (Piperati) of the genus Suillus or related to the genus Pulveroboletus. The type species is Chalciporus piperatus.[3] Rolf Singer resurrected the genus in 1973, separating the species from the genus Suillus on the basis of distinct pigments.[4] The name is derived from the Ancient Greek khalkos "copper",[5] and translates as "copper pores".[6]

The genus Chalciporus, together with the genus Buchwaldoboletus form a group of fungi that is an early offshoot in the Boletaceae. Many members of the group appear to be parasitic.[7] Wu and Yang proposed that this clade be called the subfamily Chalciporoideae.[8] The genus Rubinoboletus was merged into this genus based on their morphological similarity,[9] and subsequent genetic analysis—mainly due to Rubinoboletus (now Chalciporus) rubinus being nested within Chalciporus.[3][8]

Members of the genus Chalciporus have boletoid fruit bodies with pores that are various shades of red to pink, stipes lacking in reticulations, yellow mycelium and smooth oval spores.[3]

Two species, C. chontae and C. radiatus, have pores that are arranged in furrows that radiate out from the top of the stipe under the cap and resemble gills.[3]

C. piperatus and C. piperatoides are peppery-tasting, the former is edible while the latter is unknown. C. rubinellus and C. pseudorubinellus are milder-tasting and edible.[6]

SpeciesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Binder M, Hibbett DS (2006). "Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales". Mycologia. 98 (6): 971–81. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.971. PMID 17486973.
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CAB International. p. 134. ISBN 0-85199-826-7.
  3. ^ a b c d Zhang M, Wang C-Q, Li T-H, Song B (1 September 2015). "A new species of Chalciporus (Boletaceae, Boletales) with strongly radially arranged pores". Mycoscience. 57: 20–25. doi:10.1016/j.myc.2015.07.004.
  4. ^ Singer R (1973). "Notes on bolete taxonomy". Persoonia. 7 (2): 313–20.
  5. ^ Liddell HG, Scott R (1980). A Greek-English Lexicon (Abridged Edition). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. p. 776. ISBN 0-19-910207-4.
  6. ^ a b Bessette AR, Bessette A, Roody WC (2000). North American Boletes: A Color Guide to the Fleshy Pored Mushrooms. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. pp. 172–75. ISBN 0-8156-0588-9.
  7. ^ Nuhn ME, Binder M, Taylor AFS, Halling RE, Hibbett DS (2013). "Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae". Fungal Biology. 117 (7–8): 479–511. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2013.04.008. PMID 23931115.
  8. ^ a b Wu G, Feng B, Xu J, Zhu X-T, Li Y-C, Zeng N-K, Hosen MI, Yang ZL (2014). "Molecular phylogenetic analyses redefine seven major clades and reveal 22 new generic clades in the fungal family Boletaceae". Fungal Diversity. 69 (1): 93–115. doi:10.1007/s13225-014-0283-8.
  9. ^ Klofac W, Krisai-Greilhuber I (2006). "Die Gattung Chalciporus, ein weltweiter Überblick" [The genus Chalciporus, a world-wide survey] (PDF). Österreichische Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde. 15: 31–65.