The Great Council of Chiefs (Bose Levu Vakaturaga in Fijian) was a formal assembly of Fiji's senior hereditary chiefs (including Sitiveni Rabuka who led the 1987 Fijian coups d'état), along with some representatives of the national government and provincial councils, who may or may not be hereditary chiefs themselves. It also had a constitutional role in functioning as an electoral college to choose the President of the Republic, as well as 14 of the 32 Senators.
Following the adoption of the ministerial system of government in 1967, the Minister for Fijian Affairs (the Cabinet Minister responsible for indigenous cultural and economic development) presided over the Great Council of Chiefs. This arrangement continued until the constitutional changes of 1999, when the Great Council chose its own Chairman for the first time. The Great Council was disestablished in 2012.
The following tables list the Fijian Affairs Ministers from 1967 to 1999, and Chairmen of the Great Council of Chiefs since that date.
Ministers for Fijian Affairs (1967–1999)Edit
Ministers of Fijian Affairs since 1999 are not included, as they no longer preside over the Great Council. If the Minister was simultaneously the Prime Minister, this is indicated by an asterisk.
|Order||Minister||Term of Office||Prime Minister served under|
|1.||Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau||1967–1970||Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara|
|2.||Ratu Sir George Cakobau||1970–1972|
|3.||Ratu William Toganivalu||1972–1977|
|.||Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau||1977–1983|
|4.||Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara||1983–1985||*|
|5.||Ratu David Toganivalu||1985–1987||Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara|
|7.||Ratu Josua Toganivalu||1987||Governor-General|
Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau
|8.||Ratu Meli Vesikula||1987|
|9.||Vatiliai Navunisaravi||1987–1992||Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara|
|11.||Adi Samanunu Cakobau Talakuli||1994–1995||Sitiveni Rabuka|
|12.||Ratu Finau Mara||1997–1999||Sitiveni Rabuka|
Chairmen of the Great Council of Chiefs (1999–2012)Edit
Since 1999, when the Council chose its own chairman for the first time, the following individuals have held the office. In April 2007, the council was suspended by "interim prime minister" and military leader Frank Bainimarama, who had taken power in a coup in December 2006. In February 2008, Bainimarama announced that he was appointing himself chairman of the council. In early August 2008, it was announced that the Great Council of Chiefs was ready to reconvene. It would be chaired by the Minister for Fijian Affairs - namely, at that time, Commodore Bainimarama. In October 2008, Ratu Epeli Nailatikau was named Minister of Indigenous (Fijian) Affairs, and therefore also Chairman of the Great Council of Chiefs.
|Order||Chairman||Term of Office|
|2.||Ratu Epeli Ganilau||2001–2004|
|3.||Ratu Ovini Bokini||2004 – April 2007|
|4.||Frank Bainimarama||February 2008 – October 2008|
|5.||Ratu Epeli Nailatikau||October 2008 – March 2012|
- "Bainimarama is GCC head" Archived 23 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Frederica Elbourne, Fiji Times, 19 February 2008
- "Fiji's interim Prime Minister appoints himself chairman of Great Council of Chiefs". Radio New Zealand International. 18 February 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Fiji Great Council of Chiefs ready to convene", ABC Radio Australia, 5 August 2008
- "Ratu Epeli is new GCC chairman" Archived 22 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, FijiLive, 14 October 2008
- "President's deputy sworn in" Archived 9 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Fiji Times, 17 April 2009