Guo Zongxun (Chinese: 郭宗訓) (14 September 953 – 973) or Chai Zongxun (Chinese: 柴宗訓), also known by his posthumous name as the Emperor Gong of Later Zhou (Chinese: 後周恭帝), was the third and last emperor the Chinese Later Zhou dynasty, during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from July 959, when he succeeded his father Chai Rong (Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou), until February 960, when he was overthrown by his general Zhao Kuangyin (Emperor Taizu of Song), who founded the Song dynasty.
|Emperor Gong of Later Zhou|
|Emperor Gong of (Later) Zhou (more...)|
|3rd and last Emperor of Later Zhou|
|Reign||28 July 959 – 3 February 960|
|Predecessor||Guo Rong (Emperor Shizong), father|
|Regent||Empress Dowager Fu, stepmother|
|Born||14 September 953|
Chanzhou, Later Zhou (today's Qingfeng County, Henan)
|Died||973 (aged 20)|
in today's Xinzheng, Henan
|Father||Chai Rong (Emperor Shizong)|
The Emperor Gong was sent away with his mother to Xijing (西京). Despite assurance by the Emperor Taizu of Song that the Chai family would be treated with respect, the Emperor Gong was killed in 973 by Xin Wenyue, an official trying to gain favour with the emperor. Upon hearing the news, the Emperor Taizu ordered a period of mourning and buried the dethroned emperor next to the Emperor Shizong's tomb.
Notes and referencesEdit
- Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-44515-5.
- (in Chinese) Xue Juzheng; et al., eds. (974). Wudai Shi (五代史) [History of the Five Dynasties].
- (in Chinese) Ouyang Xiu (1073). Wudai Shiji (五代史記) [Historical Records of the Five Dynasties].
- (in Chinese) Sima Guang (1086). Zizhi Tongjian (資治通鑑) [Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government].