Cha Bum-kun

Cha Bum-kun (Korean차범근; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰa.bʌm.ɡɯn] or [tɕʰa] [pʌm.ɡɯn]; born 22 May 1953) is a South Korean football manager and former player, nicknamed Tscha Bum or "Cha Boom" in Germany because of his name and his thunderous ball striking ability.[4] Cha is widely regarded as one of the greatest Asian football players of all time by experts, including IFFHS and ESPN.[5][6]

Cha Bum-kun
차범근
Cha Bum Kun.jpg
Cha in 1979
Personal information
Full name Cha Bum-kun
Date of birth (1953-05-22) 22 May 1953 (age 67)
Place of birth Hwaseong, Gyeonggi, South Korea
Height 1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)[1]
Playing position(s) Forward
Youth career
1972–1975 Korea University
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1976 Korea Trust Bank
1976–1979 ROK Air Force (draft)
1978–1979 Darmstadt 98 1 (0)
1979–1983 Eintracht Frankfurt 122 (46)
1983–1989 Bayer Leverkusen 185 (52)
Total 308 (98)
National team
1970–1972 South Korea U20
1972–1986 South Korea 136 (58)
Teams managed
1991–1994 Hyundai Horang-i
1997–1998 South Korea
1998–1999 Shenzhen Ping'an
2004–2010 Suwon Samsung Bluewings
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationCha Beom-geun
McCune–ReischauerCh'a Pŏmgŭn

In 1972, Cha had been capped by the South Korean national team as the youngest player in history called up to the squad. He is the all-time leading goal scorer for the South Korean national team with 58 goals and won the 1978 Asian Games.[1] He is also the youngest player to ever reach 100 caps in the world with 24 years and 139 days.[7] After developing into the top player in his country, he left for West Germany and played for Eintracht Frankfurt and Bayer Leverkusen. He scored 121 goals in two Bundesliga clubs and won the UEFA Cup with each team.[8] He started a youth football clinic to develop South Korean football after his retirement. He managed the national team in the 1998 FIFA World Cup and also Ulsan Hyundai and Suwon Samsung Bluewings of the K League.

Club careerEdit

Career in South KoreaEdit

Cha was born in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi and became famous when he was a player of Kyungshin High School and South Korean under-20 team in 1970. Cha entered Korea University in 1972 and won the Korean National Championship in 1974 which was the Korean FA Cup at that time.[9] After graduation, he started senior career with Korea Trust Bank FC in 1976. He led team's title and was named the best player at the Korean Semi-professional League in spring.[10] In October 1976, he joined South Korean Air Force FC due to mandatory military service.[11] Cha had a plan to enlist in the Navy FC but the ROK Air Force persuaded Cha that they will move up Cha's discharge six months.[12]

Darmstadt 98Edit

Cha attracted the attention of an Eintracht Frankfurt coach Dieter Schulte who received an invitation to South Korea while playing for the national team at the 1978 Korea Cup. In November 1978, Schulte sent a letter to the KFA (Korea Football Association) suggesting Cha's tryout in West Germany who will discharge from the air force in January 1979.[12] In December, he left for Frankfurt by taking time off after the 1978 Asian Games and contracted with another Bundesliga club SV Darmstadt 98 by signing a six-month deal but he spent just less than a month in Darmstadt.[12] The ROK Air Force didn't follow the contract with Cha and required his return. Due to Cha's complicated military service problem, after his debut match with VfL Bochum on 30 December, Cha returned to South Korea on 5 January and he spent his spare military service duration until 31 May so didn't play for Darmstadt.[13]

Eintracht FrankfurtEdit

After being discharged from the military service completely, Cha still wanted to play in Bundesliga and joined Eintracht Frankfurt at age 26 in July 1979. He made an immediate impact with his new club, scoring in three consecutive games from third round to fifth round of the Bundesliga.[14] In an interview after Aberdeen lost to Frankfurt in the 1979–80 UEFA Cup, Sir Alex Ferguson said "The problem we couldn't solve was Tscha Bum. We could not stop him. He was unstoppable."[15][16][17] Frankfurt won the UEFA Cup for the first time by defeating Borussia Mönchengladbach in the final. In a 2015 interview with ESPN, Lothar Matthäus said "He was the face of Frankfurt then. He had pace, great technique, was a great dribbler and scored goals. And most importantly, he was the ultimate team man."[18] At the first season in Germany, he was selected as a world class in the Rangliste of the winter,[19] and was named one of three forwards in the Bundesliga team of the season with Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Kevin Keegan by the German sports magazine kicker.[20] On 23 August 1980, Cha's spine was cracked by Jürgen Gelsdorf who tackled behind him but came back to the stadium after a month.[17][21] He led team's title at the 1980–81 DFB-Pokal by scoring six goals in six matches. He became the top goalscorer of Frankfurt in three consecutive seasons.[22]

Bayer LeverkusenEdit

However, Cha transferred to Bayer Leverkusen in 1983 due to a financial difficulty of Frankfurt.[17] In the 1985–86 season, he scored 17 goals at the Bundesliga which are his most goals in a season and Leverkusen qualified for the UEFA Cup for the first time with sixth place.[23] The magazine kicker selected him again in the Bundesliga team of the season.[24] At the 1987–88 UEFA Cup, Leverkusen reached to the final and he scored a dramatic equaliser against Espanyol to tie the game 3–3. Leverkusen eventually went on to win the game on penalties and held the European title for the first time.[17] In 1989, Cha retired after the Bundesliga career spanning 308 games in which he scored 98 goals without a penalty goal and received only one yellow card.[8] He scored his 93rd goal in the Bundesliga on 31 October 1987 and became the top foreign goalscorer by surpassing predecessor Willi Lippens's 92 goals.[25] His record wasn't broken for eleven years until Swiss striker Stéphane Chapuisat scored the 99th goal on 4 October 1998.[26][27] As of 2018, Cha is ranked seventh with Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang in the foreign goalscorer standings of Bundesliga history.[26]

International careerEdit

Cha played as a striker in the Bundesliga but originally played as a winger in South Korea.[28] He became a South Korean under-20 international in 1970 and participated in the 1971 and 1972 AFC Youth Championship.[2][3] In the 1972 AFC Asian Cup, he made his senior international debut at age 18 against Iraq and scored his first international goal against Khmer Republic.[1] He was named in the Korean Football Best XI for seven consecutive years and was selected as the Korean Footballer of the Year in 1973.[29]

Cha usually played for the national team in the Korea Cup, Malay Pestabola Merdeka and Thai King's Cup which were annually contested by Asian nations at the time. In the Pestabola Merdeka 1975, he scored his first international hat-trick against Japan.[1] In the 1976 Korea Cup, he scored a dramatic hat-trick during five minutes against Malaysia and led team's 4–4 draw.[30] He won ten trophies with 75 appearances and 43 goals in three competitions.[1] In the 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification he appeared all twelve matches and recorded five goals and two assists,[31][32] although his knee got a boil during the competition.[33] However, South Korea failed to qualify for the World Cup by finishing as runners-up in the qualification despite his struggle. In the 1978 Asian Games, he contributed to team's gold medal by recording two goals and two assists,[34][35] but received criticism due to his diffident play.[36] After the 1978 Asian Games, he left for the Bundesliga and didn't play for South Korea. His last international tournament was the 1986 FIFA World Cup finals in Mexico, South Korea's first appearance since 1954. He showed exemplary performance in intensive containment but didn't prevent team's elimination in the tournament.[37][38]

Managerial careerEdit

Cha moved into management with K League side Hyundai Horang-i, coaching them from 1991–94. His next appointment in January 1997 was Korean national team coach and he led the nation to the 1998 FIFA World Cup; however, a disastrous 5–0 defeat at the hands of the Netherlands in Korea's second group game got Cha fired. He later blamed the KFA for the bad performance, citing lack of bonuses and alleging pro soccer games in Korea were fixed. The association promptly slapped a five-year ban on him and he soon left the country with his wife.

After an 18-month spell coaching Shenzhen Ping'an in China, Cha took up a commentator position with MBC in Korea. He returned to coaching in late 2003 when offered the Suwon Samsung Bluewings position. Cha achieved immediate success with Suwon by lifting the 2004 K League championship, an achievement he ranked as even better than the UEFA Cup he won as a player in 1988. He later resigned in June 2010 as Suwon manager.

Personal lifeEdit

Cha is a devout Christian and said the three most important things in his life are "family, religion and football".[39] Bum-Kun's second child, Cha Du-ri, followed in his father's footsteps. Du-ri played in Germany and switched positions from forward to defender. He retired in 2015 after three seasons with FC Seoul.

Career statisticsEdit

ClubEdit

Source:[8]

Club Season League Cup[a] Continental Total
Division Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Korea Trust Bank 1976 Semi-pro League
ROK Air Force (draft) 1976 Semi-pro League
1977 Semi-pro League
1978 Semi-pro League
1979 Semi-pro League
Total
Darmstadt 98 1978–79 Bundesliga 1 0 1 0
Eintracht Frankfurt 1979–80 Bundesliga 31 12 4 0 11[b] 3 46 15
1980–81 Bundesliga 27 8 6 6 5[b] 2 38 16
1981–82 Bundesliga 31 11 1 0 6[c] 1 38 12
1982–83 Bundesliga 33 15 1 0 34 15
Total 122 46 12 6 22 6 156 58
Bayer Leverkusen 1983–84 Bundesliga 34 12 1 0 35 12
1984–85 Bundesliga 29 10 3 4 32 14
1985–86 Bundesliga 34 17 4 2 38 19
1986–87 Bundesliga 33 6 2 1 3[b] 2 38 9
1987–88 Bundesliga 25 4 0 0 10[b] 2 35 6
1988–89 Bundesliga 30 3 5 0 2[b] 0 37 3
Total 185 52 15 7 15 4 215 63
Career total 308 98 27 13 37 10 372 121

InternationalEdit

As of 1 August 2019[1]

The KFA is showing the list of Cha's 136 international appearances in its official website but FIFA registered him with 119 appearances in the FIFA Century Club.[40]
The RSSSF claimed 134 appearances which exclude two matches against Thailand in the 1976 AFC Asian Cup qualification and Indonesia in the 1975 King's Cup.[41]

International goalsEdit

Scores list South Korea's goal tally first.[1][41][42]
No. Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1 10 May 1972 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Khmer Republic 3–0 4–1 1972 AFC Asian Cup
2 19 July 1972 Perak Stadium, Ipoh, Malaysia   Singapore 2–0 4–1 Pestabola Merdeka 1972
3 23 July 1972 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Indonesia 2–0 2–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1972
4 29 July 1972 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Malaysia 2–0 2–1 Pestabola Merdeka 1972
5 20 September 1972 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Thailand 3–0 3–0 1972 Korea Cup
6 22 November 1972 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Indonesia 1–1 1–1 1972 King's Cup
7 19 May 1973 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Thailand 1–0 4–0 1974 FIFA World Cup qualification
8 28 May 1973 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Israel 1–0 1–0 1974 FIFA World Cup qualification
9 22 September 1973 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Khmer Republic 2–0 6–0 1973 Korea Cup
10 4–0
11 30 September 1973 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Malaysia 1–0 2–0 1973 Korea Cup
12 16 December 1973 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Khmer Republic 4–0 5–0 1973 King's Cup
13 22 December 1973 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Burma 2–0 2–0 1973 King's Cup
14 25 December 1973 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Malaysia 2–0 2–1 1973 King's Cup
15 18 May 1974 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Burma 2–0 3–0 1974 Korea Cup
16 25 December 1974 Hong Kong   Indonesia 3–1 Friendly
17 29 July 1975 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Malaysia 2–0 3–1 Pestabola Merdeka 1975
18 7 August 1975 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Thailand 3–0 6–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1975
19 9 August 1975 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Japan 1–0 3–1 Pestabola Merdeka 1975
20 2–1
21 3–1
22 11 August 1975 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Indonesia 1–0 5–1 Pestabola Merdeka 1975
23 15 August 1975 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Bangladesh 4–0 4–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1975
24 21 December 1975 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Burma 1–0 3–1 1975 King's Cup
25 2–0
26 6 March 1976 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Taiwan 1–0 3–0 1976 Summer Olympics qualification
27 27 March 1976 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Japan 2–1 2–2 1976 Summer Olympics qualification
28 10 August 1976 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   India 1–0 8–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1976
29 5–0
30 8–0
31 15 August 1976 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Burma 2–2 2–2 Pestabola Merdeka 1976
32 11 September 1976 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Malaysia 2–4 4–4 1976 Korea Cup
33 3–4
34 4–4
35 13 September 1976 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   India 4–0 4–0 1976 Korea Cup
36 17 September 1976 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Singapore 1–0 7–0 1976 Korea Cup
37 7–0
38 22 December 1976 National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Malaysia 1–1 1–1 1976 King's Cup
39 14 February 1977 Singapore   Singapore 1–0 4–0 Friendly
40 18 February 1977 Al Ahli Stadium, Manama, Bahrain   Bahrain 4–1 Friendly
41 20 March 1977 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Israel 1–0 3–1 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification
42 3 April 1977 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Japan 1–0 1–0 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification
43 26 June 1977 Hong Kong Stadium, Hong Kong   Hong Kong 1–0 1–0 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification
44 17 July 1977 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Libya 4–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1977
45 22 July 1977 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Indonesia 3–1 5–1 Pestabola Merdeka 1977
46 24 July 1977 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Burma 2–0 4–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1977
47 31 July 1977 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Iraq 1–0 1–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1977
48 27 August 1977 Sydney Sports Ground, Sydney, Australia   Australia 1–0 1–2 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification
49 3 September 1977 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Thailand 3–0 5–1 1977 Korea Cup
50 5 September 1977 Daegu Civic Stadium, Daegu, South Korea   India 1–0 3–0 1977 Korea Cup
51 3–0
52 13 September 1977 Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea   Malaysia 2–0 3–0 1977 Korea Cup
53 5 November 1977 Al Kuwait Sports Club Stadium,[43] Kuwait City, Kuwait   Kuwait 1–0 2–2 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification
54 19 July 1978 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Japan 2–0 4–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1978
55 22 July 1978 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Iraq 2–0 2–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1978
56 25 July 1978 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia   Indonesia 1–0 2–0 Pestabola Merdeka 1978
57 11 December 1978 Chulalongkorn University Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand   Bahrain 3–0 5–1 1978 Asian Games
58 17 December 1978 Bangkok, Thailand   China PR 1–0 1–0 1978 Asian Games

HonoursEdit

PlayerEdit

Korea University

Korea Trust Bank

ROK Air Force

Eintracht Frankfurt

Bayer Leverkusen

South Korea U20

South Korea

Individual

Records

Orders

ManagerEdit

Hyundai Horang-i

Suwon Samsung Bluewings

Individual

ReferencesEdit

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