Cha Bum-kun (Korean: 차범근; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰa.bʌm.ɡɯn] or [tɕʰa] [pʌm.ɡɯn]; born 22 May 1953) is a South Korean football manager and former player, nicknamed Tscha Bum or "Cha Boom" in Germany because of his name and his thunderous ball striking ability. Cha was known for his thick thighs, which showed explosive pace and powerful shots. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest Asian football players of all time by experts, including IFFHS and ESPN.
Cha in 1979
|Full name||Cha Bum-kun|
|Date of birth||22 May 1953|
|Place of birth||Hwaseong, Gyeonggi, South Korea|
|Height||1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|1967–1968||Kyungshin Middle School|
|1969–1971||Kyungshin High school|
|1976||Korea Trust Bank|
|1976–1979||ROK Air Force (draft)|
|1970–1972||South Korea U20|
|2004–2010||Suwon Samsung Bluewings|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
|Revised Romanization||Cha Beom-geun|
In 1972, Cha had been capped by the South Korean national team as the youngest player in history called up to the squad. He is the all-time leading goal scorer for the South Korean national team with 58 goals, and won the 1978 Asian Games. He is also the youngest player to ever reach 100 caps in the world at 24 years and 139 days. After developing into the top player in his country, he left for West Germany, and played for Eintracht Frankfurt and Bayer Leverkusen. He scored 121 goals in two Bundesliga clubs, and won the UEFA Cup with each team. He started a youth football clinic to develop South Korean football after his retirement. He managed the national team for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and two K League clubs.
Career in South KoreaEdit
Cha was born in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi, and became famous when he was a player of Kyungshin High School and South Korean under-20 team in 1970. Cha entered Korea University in 1972, and won the Korean National Championship in 1974, the predecessor of Korean FA Cup. After graduation, he started his senior career with Korea Trust Bank FC in 1976. He led his team to the title and was named the best player in the spring season of the Korean Semi-professional League. In October 1976, he joined Air Force FC due to mandatory military service. Cha had a plan to enlist in the Navy FC, but the ROK Air Force persuaded him that it would move Cha's discharge up by six months.
While playing for the national team in the 1978 Korea Cup, Cha attracted the attention of an Eintracht Frankfurt coach Dieter Schulte, who had received an invitation to serve as an scout/observer at that tournament. In November 1978, Schulte sent a letter to the KFA (Korea Football Association), suggesting Cha's tryout in West Germany, who would be discharged from the air force in January 1979. In December, he left for Frankfurt by taking time off after the 1978 Asian Games, and contracted with another Bundesliga club SV Darmstadt 98 by signing a six-month deal, but he spent just less than a month in Darmstadt. The ROK Air Force didn't follow the contract with Cha, and ordered his return. After his debut match with VfL Bochum on 30 December, Cha returned to South Korea due to his complicated military service issue on 5 January. He eventually spent the remainder of his military service duration until 31 May, and so could not play for Darmstadt.
After being discharged from the military service completely, Cha still wanted to play in Bundesliga, and joined Eintracht Frankfurt at age 26 in July 1979. He made an immediate impact early with his new club, scoring in three consecutive games from third to fifth matchday of the Bundesliga. After the first half of his first season in Germany, he was classified as the world class in the player rankings of German sports magazine kicker. He was also acclaimed by showing outstanding performances in the 1979–80 UEFA Cup, which helped Frankfurt to win the title for the first time. He was evaluated as the "unstoppable player" by Sir Alex Ferguson, the manager of Aberdeen at that time, and "one of the best attackers in the world" by Lothar Matthäus, an opponent player at the UEFA Cup's final and the Bundesliga. In addition to a UEFA Cup title, he was named along with Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Kevin Keegan in the Bundesliga Team of the Season by kicker. On 23 August 1980, Cha's spine was cracked by Jürgen Gelsdorf, who tackled behind him, but came back to the stadium after a month. He led his team to the title by scoring six goals in six matches of the 1980–81 DFB-Pokal. He became the top goalscorer of Frankfurt in three consecutive seasons.
However, Cha transferred to Bayer Leverkusen due to a financial difficulty of Frankfurt in 1983. In the 1985–86 Bundesliga, he scored 17 goals, his most goals in a single Bundesliga season, and Leverkusen qualified for the UEFA Cup for the first time by finishing sixth. The magazine kicker once again selected him for the Team of the Season. In the 1988 UEFA Cup Final he scored a dramatic equaliser against Espanyol to tie the game 3–3. Leverkusen eventually went on to win the game on penalties, and held the European title for the first time. In 1989, Cha retired after the Bundesliga career spanning 308 games, in which he scored 98 goals without a penalty goal and received only one yellow card. He scored his 93rd goal in the Bundesliga on 31 October 1987, and became the top foreign goalscorer by surpassing predecessor Willi Lippens's 92 goals. Cha's record was not broken for eleven years until a Swiss striker Stéphane Chapuisat scored his 99th goal on 4 October 1998. As of 2018, Cha is ranked seventh along with Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang in the foreign goalscorer standings of Bundesliga history.
Cha played as a striker in the Bundesliga, but he originally played as a winger in South Korea. He became a South Korean under-20 international in 1970, and participated in 1971 and 1972 AFC Youth Championship. In the 1972 AFC Asian Cup, he made his senior international debut at age 18 against Iraq and scored his first international goal against Khmer Republic. He was named in the Korean Football Best XI for seven consecutive years and was selected as the Korean Footballer of the Year in 1973.
Cha usually played for the national team in the Korea Cup, Pestabola Merdeka and King's Cup which were annually contested between Asian nations at the time. He won ten trophies with 75 appearances and 43 goals in three competitions. He won a total of ten trophies, and left some memorable games in three competitions. In the 1975 Pestabola Merdeka, he scored his first international hat-trick against Japan. In the 1976 Korea Cup, he scored a hat-trick against Malaysia during five minutes from 83rd to 88th minute, leading South Korea to a dramatic 4–4 draw.
In the 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification he appeared all twelve matches and recorded five goals and two assists, although his knee got a boil during the competition. However, South Korea failed to qualify for the World Cup by finishing as runners-up in the qualification despite his struggle.
In the 1978 Asian Games, he scored two goals and provided two assists, contributing to team's gold medal, However, he showed lethargic plays to prepare tryouts for Bundesliga clubs, and received criticisms. After the 1978 Asian Games, he left for the Bundesliga and didn't play for South Korea. His last international tournament was the 1986 FIFA World Cup, South Korea's first World Cup since 1954. He showed exemplary performance in intensive containment, but he didn't prevent team's elimination in the tournament.
Cha moved into management with K League side Hyundai Horang-i, coaching them from 1991–94. His next appointment in January 1997 was Korean national team coach and he led the nation to the 1998 FIFA World Cup; however, a disastrous 5–0 defeat at the hands of the Netherlands in Korea's second group game got Cha fired. He later blamed the KFA for the bad performance, citing lack of bonuses and alleging pro soccer games in Korea were fixed. The association promptly slapped a five-year ban on him and he soon left the country with his wife.
After an 18-month spell coaching Shenzhen Ping'an in China, Cha took up a commentator position with MBC in Korea. He returned to coaching in late 2003 when offered the Suwon Samsung Bluewings position. Cha achieved immediate success with Suwon by lifting the 2004 K League championship, an achievement he ranked as even better than the UEFA Cup he won as a player in 1988. He later resigned in June 2010 as Suwon manager.
In early life, he originally joined Yeongdo Middle School, but the football club of school was dissolved as soon as he joined there. He started his football career by transferring to Kyungshin Middle School after playing field hockey for Yeongdo for one and a half years. In his high school days, he tried to leave school due to older students' violence, but continued to play football with the manager Chang Woon-soo's help.
Cha is a devout Christian and said the three most important things in his life are "family, religion and football". Bum-Kun's second child, Cha Du-ri, followed in his father's footsteps. Du-ri played in Germany and switched positions from forward to defender. He retired in 2015 after three seasons with FC Seoul.
|Korea Trust Bank||1976||Semipro League||?||?||?[a]||?||—||?[b]||?||?||?|
|ROK Air Force (draft)||1976||Semipro League||?||?||?[a]||?||—||?[b]||?||?||?|
- As of 8 July 2020
The KFA is showing the list of Cha's 136 international appearances in its official website.
The RSSSF is also claiming 136 appearances about Cha's international career, but its details have some discrepancies.
FIFA registered him with 130 appearances in the FIFA Century Club by excluding six matches of the Summer Olympics qualification.
|1||10 May 1972||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Khmer Republic||3–0||4–1||1972 AFC Asian Cup|
|2||19 July 1972||Perak Stadium, Ipoh, Malaysia||Singapore||2–0||4–1||Pestabola Merdeka 1972|
|3||23 July 1972||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Indonesia||2–0||2–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1972|
|4||29 July 1972||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Malaysia||2–0||2–1||Pestabola Merdeka 1972|
|5||20 September 1972||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Thailand||3–0||3–0||1972 Korea Cup|
|6||22 November 1972||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Indonesia||1–1||1–1||1972 King's Cup|
|7||19 May 1973||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Thailand||1–0||4–0||1974 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|8||28 May 1973||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Israel||1–0||1–0||1974 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|9||22 September 1973||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Khmer Republic||2–0||6–0||1973 Korea Cup|
|11||30 September 1973||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Malaysia||1–0||2–0||1973 Korea Cup|
|12||16 December 1973||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Khmer Republic||4–0||5–0||1973 King's Cup|
|13||22 December 1973||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Burma||2–0||2–0||1973 King's Cup|
|14||25 December 1973||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Malaysia||2–0||2–1||1973 King's Cup|
|15||18 May 1974||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Burma||2–0||3–0||1974 Korea Cup|
|16||25 December 1974||Hong Kong||Indonesia||3–1||Friendly|
|17||29 July 1975||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Malaysia||2–0||3–1||Pestabola Merdeka 1975|
|18||7 August 1975||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Thailand||3–0||6–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1975|
|19||9 August 1975||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Japan||1–0||3–1||Pestabola Merdeka 1975|
|22||11 August 1975||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Indonesia||1–0||5–1||Pestabola Merdeka 1975|
|23||15 August 1975||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Bangladesh||4–0||4–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1975|
|24||21 December 1975||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Burma||1–0||3–1||1975 King's Cup|
|26||6 March 1976||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Taiwan||1–0||3–0||1976 Summer Olympics qualification|
|27||27 March 1976||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Japan||2–1||2–2||1976 Summer Olympics qualification|
|28||10 August 1976||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||India||1–0||8–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1976|
|31||15 August 1976||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Burma||2–2||2–2||Pestabola Merdeka 1976|
|32||11 September 1976||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Malaysia||2–4||4–4||1976 Korea Cup|
|35||13 September 1976||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||India||4–0||4–0||1976 Korea Cup|
|36||17 September 1976||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Singapore||1–0||7–0||1976 Korea Cup|
|38||22 December 1976||National Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Malaysia||1–1||1–1||1976 King's Cup|
|39||14 February 1977||Singapore||Singapore||1–0||4–0||Friendly|
|40||18 February 1977||Al Ahli Stadium, Manama, Bahrain||Bahrain||4–1||Friendly|
|41||20 March 1977||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Israel||1–0||3–1||1978 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|42||3 April 1977||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Japan||1–0||1–0||1978 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|43||26 June 1977||Hong Kong Stadium, Hong Kong||Hong Kong||1–0||1–0||1978 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|44||17 July 1977||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Libya||4–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1977|
|45||22 July 1977||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Indonesia||3–1||5–1||Pestabola Merdeka 1977|
|46||24 July 1977||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Burma||2–0||4–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1977|
|47||31 July 1977||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Iraq||1–0||1–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1977|
|48||27 August 1977||Sydney Sports Ground, Sydney, Australia||Australia||1–0||1–2||1978 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|49||3 September 1977||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Thailand||3–0||5–1||1977 Korea Cup|
|50||5 September 1977||Daegu Civic Stadium, Daegu, South Korea||India||1–0||3–0||1977 Korea Cup|
|52||13 September 1977||Dongdaemun Stadium, Seoul, South Korea||Malaysia||2–0||3–0||1977 Korea Cup|
|53||5 November 1977||Al Kuwait Sports Club Stadium, Kuwait City, Kuwait||Kuwait||1–0||2–2||1978 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|54||19 July 1978||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Japan||2–0||4–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1978|
|55||22 July 1978||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Iraq||2–0||2–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1978|
|56||25 July 1978||Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Indonesia||1–0||2–0||Pestabola Merdeka 1978|
|57||11 December 1978||Chulalongkorn University Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand||Bahrain||3–0||5–1||1978 Asian Games|
|58||17 December 1978||Bangkok, Thailand||China PR||1–0||1–0||1978 Asian Games|
Korea Trust Bank
ROK Air Force
South Korea U20
- IFFHS World Player of the Century 60th place: 1900–1999
- IFFHS Legends: 2016
- IFFHS Asia's Player of the Century: 1900–1999
- IFFHS Asia Men Team of the 20th Century: 1901–2000
- Asian/Oceanian Team of the 20th Century: 1998
- ESPN Asian Footballer of All Time: 2015
- Korean Football Best XI: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978
- Korean Footballer of the Year: 1973
- Korean Football Hall of Fame: 2005
- Korean Semi-professional League Player of the Season: 1976 Spring
- Korean Sports Hall of Fame: 2017
- kicker Bundesliga Team of the Season: 1979–80, 1985–86
- Member of the Federal Cross of Merit: 2019
- Eintracht Frankfurt All-time XI: 2013
- Youngest player in the world to reach 100 caps: 24 years, 139 days
- South Korea all-time top goalscorer: 58 goals
- Bundesliga all-time top foreign goalscorer: 1988–1999, 98 goals
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
- Pan-Pacific Championship: 2009
- A3 Champions Cup: 2005
- K League 1: 2004, 2008
- Korean FA Cup: 2009
- Korean League Cup: 2005, 2008
- Korean Super Cup: 2005
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- 이적물의 차범근 10월초 입대 [Cha Bum-kun will enlist in early October]. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 3 September 1976. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
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- 차범근과 병역문제 [Cha Bum-kun and the military service problem]. Naver.com (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 8 January 1979.
- "Beom-geun Cha » Bundesliga 1979/1980". worldfootball.net. worldfootball.net. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
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- [독일통신] 퍼거슨의 가장 큰 고민이었던 프랑크푸르트의 차범근 [(A report from Germany) Cha Bum-kun of Frankfurt who was the biggest trouble to Ferguson]. Naver.com (in Korean). Footballist. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
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- 朴大統領컵大會로본 韓國축구 攻擊 다양…守備 불안 [Korean football which participated in the Korea Cup has various methods of attack but its defense is anxious]. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 21 May 1974. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
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- 忠武,印尼 격파2:0 [B team defeated Indonesia 2–0]. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 13 September 1976. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
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- 黃金의 다리 車範根 곧 무릎종기手術 死境딛고 일어선 李載昊 再起의訓練 [The "Golden legs" Cha Bum-kun will soon have an operation to remove a boil of knee and Lee Jae-ho is training to make a comeback who overcame the jaws of death]. Naver.com (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 7 December 1977. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
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- 記者團 최우수선수 卞鎬瑛 蹴球베스트11 선발 [The press corps selected Byun Ho-young as the MVP with the football Best XI]. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 24 December 1974. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
- 최우수 축구선수 金鎬坤 선정 體育記者團 [Kim Ho-kon was selected as the Most Valuable Footballer]. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 28 January 1976. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
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- 최우수선수 金在漢 蹴球베스트11 선정 [The MVP is Kim Jae-han and the football Best XI was selected]. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 16 January 1979. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
- '축구 명예의 전당'에서 한국 축구의 전통 세워나간다. (in Korean). KFA. 23 November 2006. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- 대한민국 스포츠영웅 명예의 전당 [Korean Sports hero Hall of Fame]. hero.Sports.or.kr (in Korean). KOC. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- 계속되는 '차붐 신화'…차범근, 독일 십자공로훈장 받다 [Continuous "myth of Tscha Bum"…Cha Bum-kun received the Cross of Merit of Germany]. Naver.com (in Korean). SBS. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- "Wiedersehen der Legenden in U-Bahn-Station" [A reunion of legends in the subway station]. FAZ.net (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
- "KFA Archives" (in Korean). KFA. 10 October 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Thai hero Piyapong takes award". AFC. Archived from the original on 8 July 1997. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
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- "Asian Player of the Year". RSSSF.com. RSSSF. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
- 2004삼성하우젠 K리그 대상은 '수원 잔치' [The 2004 K League Awards was a "party of Suwon"]. Naver.com (in Korean). Ohmynews. 15 December 2004. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
- 이운재, MVP 영예...신인상은 이승렬, 감독상은 차범근 감독 [Lee Woon-jae was honored as the MVP, Lee Seung-ryul is the K League Young Player of the Year and Cha Bum-kun is the Manager of the Year]. Naver.com (in Korean). Sports Chosun. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
- 최우수감독상 수상한 차범근 감독 [Cha Bum-kun received the best manager award]. Naver.com (in Korean). Newsis. 8 November 2009. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
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