Chūō-ku (中央区 Chūō-ku) is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, in the Hokuriku region of Japan. It comprises much of the city centre. As of 1 September 2018[update], the ward had an estimated population of 183,231 in 87,162 households  and a population density of 4,900 persons per km². The total area of the ward was 37.75 square kilometres (14.58 sq mi).
Ward of Niigata
Location of Chūō-ku in Niigata City
|Region||Kōshin'etsu, Hokuriku (Chūbu)|
|• Total||37.75 km2 (14.58 sq mi)|
(September 1, 2019)
|• Density||4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|Address||Gakko-cho-dori 1-602-1, Chuo-ku, Niigata-shi, Niigata-ken|
Chūō-ku is located in the approximate centre of Niigata City, bounded by the Sea of Japan to the north and the Nihonkai-Tōhoku Expressway to the south. The area comprises the old city as well as the Sonoki (曽野木), Nuttari (沼垂), Toyano (鳥屋野) and the Yamagata (山潟) districts.
Central Business DistrictEdit
Chūō-ku is the heart of Niigata in terms of economic and political importance. The City Office is located here along with several central government and prefectural agencies. Japan's national broadcaster NHK has its prefectural TV station and radio station in Chūō-ku. There are several company head offices based in the district. It is also the site of old Niigata City which extends from Niigata Station downtown to Bandai Bridge and Furumachi.
Furumachi in Niigata city is located on left bank of Shinano River across Bandai Bridge. It lies on Niigata Island and faces the Sea of Japan. The area has been developed around Masaya-koji, which is a wide six-lane thoroughfare connecting Furumachi with Niigata Station. Furumachi has business districts as well as several historic parts. Narrow alleyways and streets crisscross beneath the modern office buildings. The historic Honcho market is also here. Much of the area contains modern buildings. This is because Furumachi was rebuilt after an earthquake devastated this part of eastern Niigata in 1964. This is in marked contrast with areas on the west side of the river which still retain traditional-looking streets containing older houses.
The area of present-day Chūō-ku was part of ancient Echigo Province, and developed as a port town for Nagaoka Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa Shogunate. Niigata was one of the ports opened to foreign trade by the 1858 Harris Treaty. Modern Niigata city was created with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The Hokuetsu Railway commented Niigata to Tokyo in 1897, and the first Bandai Bridge across the Shinano River was completed in 1908, shortly before the city was destroyed by a fire. The city escaped serious damage in World War II; however, much of the city burned down in a fire in 1955 and again suffered from damage in the 1964 Niigata earthquake.
- Niigata University (Asahimachi Campus / Nishi-Ohata Campus)
- Niigata Seiryo University
- The Nippon Dental University (Niigata)
Chūō-ku has five public high schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education, two public high schools operated by the Niigata City Board of Education, three private high schools and one private combined middle school/high school.The ward also has ten public middle schools operated by the city government.
- Niigata City Loop Bus
- Transit bus operated by Niigata Kotsu
- National Route 7
- National Route 8
- National Route 49
- National Route 113
- National Route 116]
- National Route 402
- Sado Kisen Ferry Terminal
- Shinanogawa Water Shuttle: MINATOPIA - Toki Messe - Bandai Bridge - Bandai City - Niigata Prefectural office - (FURUSATO VILLAGE)
West side of the Shinano RiverEdit
- Niigata City History Museum (Minatopia)
- The Niigata Saitou Villa
- Hakusan Park
- Niigata-City Performing Arts Center (Ryutopia)
- Niigata Prefectural Civic Center
- Niigata city Aquarium (Marinepia Nihonkai)
- Next21 skyscraper
- Furumachi-dori Shopping Mall
- Honcho-dori Shopping Mall
- Ninjo-Yokocho Shopping Mall
East side of the Shinano RiverEdit
- Niigata Station
- Sake Museum Ponshu-kan
- Bandai City shopping district
- LoveLa Shopping Mall
- LoveLa2 Shopping Mall
- Niigata Manga & Animation Museum
- NGT48 Idol unit
- Niigata Nippo Media Ship
- Toki Messe
South side of the Toyanogata LagoonEdit
- Niigata City official statistics(in Japanese)
- Niigata City Loop Bus Map (2017.4- ) (PDF). Niigata City. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- Niigata City Loop Bus Timetables (2017.4- ) (PDF). Niigata City. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- 運行便別時刻表 [Bus Lines and Timetables (2017.3- )] (in Japanese). Niigata Kotsu. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- 路線図（中心部） [Bus Map for East Niigata (2017.3- )] (PDF) (in Japanese). Niigata Kotsu. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- 路線図（南方面） [Bus Map for East Niigata (2017.3- )] (PDF) (in Japanese). Niigata Kotsu. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- 路線図（西方面） [Bus Map for East Niigata (2017.3- )] (PDF) (in Japanese). Niigata Kotsu. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- 路線図（東方面） [Bus Map for East Niigata (2017.3- )] (PDF) (in Japanese). Niigata Kotsu. Retrieved 22 April 2017.