Châtillon-sur-Seine

Châtillon-sur-Seine (French pronunciation: ​[ʃatijɔ̃ syʁ sɛn], also [ʃɑtijɔ̃]) is a commune of the Côte-d'Or department, eastern France.[3] The Musée du Pays Châtillonnais is housed in old abbey of Notre-Dame de Châtillon, within the town, known for its collection of pre-Roman and Roman relics (especially the famous Vix Grave).

Châtillon-sur-Seine
The Pertuis-au-Loup bridge over the River Seine and the church
The Pertuis-au-Loup bridge over the River Seine and the church
Flag of Châtillon-sur-Seine
Coat of arms of Châtillon-sur-Seine
Location of Châtillon-sur-Seine
Châtillon-sur-Seine is located in France
Châtillon-sur-Seine
Châtillon-sur-Seine
Châtillon-sur-Seine is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Châtillon-sur-Seine
Châtillon-sur-Seine
Coordinates: 47°52′12″N 4°34′22″E / 47.8701°N 4.5727°E / 47.8701; 4.5727Coordinates: 47°52′12″N 4°34′22″E / 47.8701°N 4.5727°E / 47.8701; 4.5727
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentCôte-d'Or
ArrondissementMontbard
CantonChâtillon-sur-Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2022–2026) Roland Lemaire[1]
Area
1
33.15 km2 (12.80 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
5,347
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
21154 /21400
Elevation211–298 m (692–978 ft)
(avg. 225 m or 738 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Some ruins on an eminence above the town mark the site of a château of the dukes of Burgundy. Nearby stands the church of St Vorles of the 10th century, but with many additions of later date; it contains a sculptured Holy Sepulchre of the 16th century and a number of frescoes. In a fine park stands a modern château built by Marshal Marmont, duke of Ragusa, born at Châtillon in 1774. It was burnt in 1871, and subsequently rebuilt.[3]

Châtillon anciently consisted of two parts, Chaumont, belonging to the duchy of Burgundy, and Bourg, ruled by the bishop of Langres; it did not coalesce into one town until the end of the 16th century. It was taken by the English in 1360 and by Louis XI in 1475, during his struggle with Charles the Bold. Châtillon was one of the first cities to adhere to the League, but suffered severely from the oppression of its garrisons and governors, and in 1595 made voluntary submission to Henry IV. It is associated with the abortive conference of 1814 between the representatives of Napoleon and the Allies.[3]

During World War II the German garrison were forced to withdraw after a successful operation by the Special Air Service operating in the nearby forest in late August 1944.[4]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Châtillon-sur-Seine has a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The average annual temperature in Châtillon-sur-Seine is 10.4 °C (50.7 °F). The average annual rainfall is 864.1 mm (34.02 in) with May as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in July, at around 18.9 °C (66.0 °F), and lowest in January, at around 2.7 °C (36.9 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Châtillon-sur-Seine was 42.1 °C (107.8 °F) on 25 July 2019; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −22.4 °C (−8.3 °F) on 9 January 1985.

Climate data for Châtillon-sur-Seine (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1948−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.6
(78.1)
29.0
(84.2)
33.0
(91.4)
39.5
(103.1)
42.1
(107.8)
41.5
(106.7)
35.7
(96.3)
29.3
(84.7)
23.0
(73.4)
19.6
(67.3)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.4
(45.3)
11.4
(52.5)
14.9
(58.8)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
20.9
(69.6)
16.0
(60.8)
9.9
(49.8)
6.4
(43.5)
15.5
(59.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
3.3
(37.9)
6.5
(43.7)
9.1
(48.4)
13.2
(55.8)
16.3
(61.3)
18.9
(66.0)
18.6
(65.5)
15.0
(59.0)
11.4
(52.5)
6.3
(43.3)
3.4
(38.1)
10.4
(50.7)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.6
(34.9)
3.4
(38.1)
7.2
(45.0)
10.2
(50.4)
12.2
(54.0)
12.0
(53.6)
9.2
(48.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.7
(36.9)
0.4
(32.7)
5.4
(41.7)
Record low °C (°F) −22.4
(−8.3)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
0.4
(32.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−22.4
(−8.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72.5
(2.85)
59.7
(2.35)
63.5
(2.50)
63.8
(2.51)
84.2
(3.31)
76.9
(3.03)
69.3
(2.73)
62.3
(2.45)
74.6
(2.94)
81.6
(3.21)
74.1
(2.92)
81.6
(3.21)
864.1
(34.02)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.3 11.2 11.6 10.8 12.2 10.5 9.3 8.5 9.6 11.7 12.2 13.3 133.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.2 88.4 139.4 172.6 196.1 228.2 225.0 205.9 164.2 126.1 67.0 52.9 1,739
Source: Météo France[5]

PersonalitiesEdit

Châtillon-sur-Seine was the birthplace of:

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,700—    
1800 3,725+0.10%
1806 3,900+0.77%
1821 3,863−0.06%
1831 4,175+0.78%
1836 4,430+1.19%
1841 4,614+0.82%
1846 4,771+0.67%
1851 5,061+1.19%
1856 4,926−0.54%
1861 4,836−0.37%
1866 4,860+0.10%
1872 4,797−0.22%
1876 4,994+1.01%
1881 5,265+1.06%
1886 5,317+0.20%
1891 5,127−0.73%
1896 4,794−1.33%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 4,807+0.05%
1906 4,812+0.02%
1911 4,698−0.48%
1921 4,413−0.62%
1926 4,642+1.02%
1931 4,727+0.36%
1936 4,849+0.51%
1946 4,240−1.33%
1954 4,609+1.05%
1962 5,518+2.28%
1968 6,264+2.14%
1975 7,383+2.38%
1982 7,561+0.34%
1990 6,862−1.21%
1999 6,269−1.00%
2007 5,801−0.97%
2012 5,487−1.11%
2017 5,373−0.42%
Source: EHESS[6] and INSEE (1968-2017)[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Châtillon-sur-Seine" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 7.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Hargreaves, Andrew L (2013). Special Operations in World War II: British and American Irregular Warfare Volume 39 of Campaigns and Commanders Series. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 79–80. ISBN 9780806151250.
  5. ^ "Climate of Châtillon-sur-Seine 1981-2010" (PDF) (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  6. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Châtillon-sur-Seine, EHESS. (in French)
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE