Ceylon Labour Party

The Ceylon Labour Party (CLP) was a political party in Sri Lanka.

Ceylon Labour Party

ලංකා කම්කරු පක්ෂය
இலங்கை தொழிலாளர் கட்சி
FounderA. E. Gunasinha
Founded1928

HistoryEdit

The Ceylon Labour Party was formed in October 1928, with A. E. Gunasinha as president and Proctor Marshall Perera as secretary. Its executive committee included C. H. Z. Fernando, A. Mahadeva, C. W. W. Kannangara, Victor Corea, George E. de Silva and Satiyawageswera Iyer and women members were included for the first time in Ceylon.[1] Its foundation followed contact between Gunasinha and the British Labour Party; when Ramsay MacDonald, the British Labour Party leader and Prime Minister visited Ceylon in 1926, Gunasinha had received him on behalf of the Ceylonese labour movement. Having already set up the Ceylon Labour Union, Gunasinha modelled the new party on the British Labour Party after a visit to the UK in 1927 when he was encouraged to set up a new party by Labour Party members.[2] Gunasinha had also appeared on behalf of the labour movement at the Donoughmore Commission for universal suffrage and represented Ceylon at the British Empire Labour Conference held in London in 1928.[3]

In the 1931 State Council elections Gunasinha was elected on the Labour Party ticket as Member for Colombo Central. He was re-elected in the 1936 elections. In 1940, he was elected to Colombo Municipal Council and in 1943 became the first Ceylonese Mayor of Colombo.[4]

In the 1947 parliamentary elections, the CLP won a single seat, with Gunasinha elected as the first Member for Colombo Central. He was subsequently appointed as Chief Government Whip in the United National Party coalition government, Minister without Portfolio and Minister of State of the First Parliament of Ceylon by Prime Minister D. S. Senanayake.[5]

Gunasinha was re-elected in the 1952 parliamentary elections as the party's sole MP. After failing to win any seats in the 1956 elections, the party did not contest any further elections.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Traversed new paths making History Ananda E. Goonesinha (The Island)
  2. ^ a b Haruhiro Fukui (1985) Political parties of Asia and the Pacific, Greenwood Press, p1013–1014
  3. ^ Ceylon's battle The Straits Times, 13 November 1929
  4. ^ First Labour Leader Sunday Times
  5. ^ Parliament of Sri Lanka: Chief Government Whips Archived 24 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine