Cessna Citation family
The Cessna Citation family is Cessna's business jets line, forming the largest business jet fleet. The first Citation was put into service in 1972 and more than 35 million flight hours have been logged since. Fifty years after the first flight, more than 7,500 Citations have been delivered.
|A Cessna 525B CJ3 behind a Citation Mustang|
|First flight||15 September 1969|
|Variants||Citation I / I/SP|
Cessna Citation V/Ultra/Encore
It started with the small Citation I prototype flying on September 15, 1969 and produced until 1985, developed into the 1978-2006 Citation II/Bravo, the 1989-2011 Citation V/Ultra/Encore and the CitationJet since 1993. The standup Citation III/VI/VII was delivered from 1983 to 2000, its fuselage was reused in the Citation X/X+ delivered from 1996 to 2018, the Excel since 1998 and the Sovereign since 2004. The Mustang was a Very Light Jet delivered from 2006 to 2017 while the flat floor fuselage Latitude is delivered since 2015 and the larger Longitude from 2018.
- 1 Lineage
- 2 Models
- 3 Current Models
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Cessna 500 Citation I is a small business jet announced by Cessna in October 1968 and is the basis of the Citation family. The Fanjet 500 prototype first flew on September 15, 1969 and it was certified as the Citation on September 9, 1971, upgraded in 1976 as the Citation I and a single pilot variant, production ended in 1985 after 689 deliveries. Powered by JT15D turbofans, the straight wing aircraft was developed into the Citation II/Bravo.
The Cessna Citation II (Model 550) series of Citation jets are light corporate jets built by Cessna. Stretched from the Citation I, it was announced in September 1976, first flew on January 31, 1977 was certified in March 1978. The II/SP is a single pilot version, the improved S/II first flew on February 14, 1984 and the Citation Bravo upgraded with new avionics and P&WC PW530A turbofans on April 25, 1995, while the United States used it as the T-47. Production ceased in 2006 after 1184 were delivered.
The Cessna Citation III (Model 650) is an American business jet with 2,350 nmi (4,350 km) of range produced by Cessna and part of the Citation Family Announced at the October 1976 NBAA convention, it made its maiden flight on May 30, 1979, received its type certification on April 30, 1982 and was delivered between 1983 and 1992. The cheaper Citation VI was produced from 1991 to 1995 and the more powerful Citation VII was offered between 1992 and 2000, 360 of all variants were delivered. An all new design, it had a 312 sq ft (29 m²) swept wing for a 22,000 lb (10 t) MTOW, a T-tail and two 3,650–4,080 lbf (16.2–18.1 kN) TFE731 turbofans. Its fuselage cross section and cockpit were kept in the later Citation X, Citation Excel and Citation Sovereign.
The Cessna Citation V (Model 560) is a business jet built by Cessna, stretched from the Citation II. A prototype flew in August 1987, it was certified on December 9, 1988 and delivered from April 1987, 774 were delivered until 2011. The upgraded Citation Ultra was announced in September 1993, the Citation Encore upgraded with PW535 turbofans was announced in 1998, before the improved Encore+. Its US Military designation is UC-35.
The Cessna CitationJet/M2/CJ series (Model 525) are light business jets built by Cessna and part of the Citation family. Launched in October 1989, its first flight was on April 29, 1991, FAA certification was awarded on October 16, 1992, first delivery happened on March 30, 1993, and by June 2017, 2,000 of all variants have been delivered. Powered by two 1,900 lbf (8.5 kN) Williams FJ44s, it uses the Citation II's forward fuselage with a new carry-through section, straight wing, and T-tail. The basic model was updated with the CJ/CJ1/M2 names, it was stretched in the CJ2/CJ2+ delivered since 2000, then further in the CJ3/CJ3+ delivered from December 2004 and finally in the CJ4 delivered since 2010.
The Cessna Citation X[a] (Model 750) is an American business jet with 3,460 nmi (6,408 km) of range produced by Cessna and part of the Citation family. Announced at the October 1990 NBAA convention, it made its maiden flight on December 21, 1993, received its type certification on June 3, 1996 and was first delivered in July 1996. The updated Citation X+ was offered from 2012 with a 14 in (360 mm) cabin stretch and upgraded systems. Keeping the Citation III fuselage cross section, it has a new 37° swept wing with an area of 527 ft² (49 m²) for a fast Mach 0.935 MMo and 36,600 lb (16.6 t) MTOW, a T-tail and two 7,034 lbf (31.29 kN) AE3007 turbofans. After 338 deliveries, production ended in 2018.
The Cessna Citation Excel (Model 560XL) is an American 2,100 nmi-range (3,900 km), midsize business jet built by Cessna, part of the Citation Family. Announced in October 1994, it first flew on February 29, 1996, certification was granted in April 1998 and over 900 have been delivered. The 20,200 lb (9,200 kg) MTOW jet is powered by two 3,650–4,080 lbf (16.2–18.1 kN) PW500 turbofans, has the Citation V (560) cruciform tail and unswept supercritical wing of 370 sq ft (34 m²), and the Citation X stand-up cabin slightly shortened. The XLS 2004 update had upgraded engines and a glass cockpit and the 2008 XLS+ had upgraded engines and a revised nose.
The Cessna Citation Sovereign (Model 680) is an American 3,200 nmi (5,900 km) range business jet developed by Cessna, part of the Cessna Citation family. Announced at the 1998 NBAA convention, it made its maiden flight in February 2002, certification was awarded on June 2, 2004, and deliveries began in late September. The improved Sovereign+ was announced at the October 2012 NBAA for a first flight in April 2012 and deliveries in December, with winglets, improved engines and flight deck. The Citation Excel fuselage was stretched and joined with a large, clean-sheet 16.3 °, 516 sq ft (47.9 m2) wing and two 5,900 lbf (26 kN) PW300 engines for a 30,800 lb (14,000 kg) MTOW.
The Cessna Citation Mustang (Model 510) is a very light jet built by Cessna. Launched at the 2002 NBAA convention, it first flew on 23 April 2005. It received its FAA type certification September 8, 2006, was first delivered on November 22 and production ended in 2017 after 479 aircraft were built. The 8,645 lb (3,921 kg) MTOW jet is powered by two 1,460 lbf (6.5 kN) P&WC PW615F turbofans, can reach 340 kn (630 km/h) and can cover 1,167 nmi (2,161 km).
The Cessna Citation Columbus (Model 850) was a 4000 nmi range business Jet project launched by Cessna in February 2008 and cancelled in July 2009. It would have been the largest model of the Cessna Citation family at the time. Powered by 8,830 lbf (39.3 kN) PW810 turbofans, the $27 million aircraft had a 709 sq ft (66 m²), 30° swept airfoil.
The Cessna Citation Latitude (Model 680A) is a 2,700 nmi (5,000 km) range business jet built by Cessna. It was announced at the 2011 NBAA convention, the prototype first flew on 18 February 2014, it achieved FAA certification on June 5, 2015 and first deliveries begun on August 27. It keeps the Model 680 Sovereign wing, twin P&WC PW306D turbofans and cruciform tail, but its clean sheet stand-up circular fuselage has a flat floor. This new fuselage is kept in the later Cessna Citation Longitude.
The Cessna Citation Longitude (Model 700) is a 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) range business jet, part of the Cessna Citation family. Announced at the May 2012 EBACE, it made its first flight on October 8, 2016, with certification obtained in September 2019. Powered by Honeywell HTF7000 turbofans, The aluminum airframe has the fuselage cross-section of the Citation Latitude, stretched by a seat row, with a new ~28° swept wing and a T-tail.
The Cessna Citation Hemisphere is a 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) range, Mach 0.9 business jet project by Cessna. Announced in November 2015, it was then expected to fly in 2019 but its development was suspended in April 2018 due to a delay in the development of its Safran Silvercrest engines.
|525 Citation M2||42 ft 7 in (12.98 m)||47 ft 3 in (14.40 m)||240 sq ft (22 m2)||0 °||58 in (1.5 m)||7||10,800 lb (4,900 kg)||404 kn (748 km/h)||1,540 nmi (2,850 km)||2 FJ44-1AP-21||3,930 lbf (17.5 kN)|
|525 Citation CJ3+||51 ft 2 in (15.60 m)||53 ft 4 in (16.26 m)||294 sq ft (27.3 m2)||0 °||58 in (1.5 m)||9||13,870 lb (6,290 kg)||416 kn (770 km/h)||2,040 nmi (3,780 km)||2 FJ44-3A||5,640 lbf (25.1 kN)|
|525 Citation CJ4||53 ft 4 in (16.26 m)||50 ft 10 in (15.49 m)||330 sq ft (31 m2)||12.5 °||58 in (1.5 m)||10||17,110 lb (7,760 kg)||451 kn (835 km/h)||2,170 nmi (4,020 km)||2 FJ44-4A||7,242 lbf (32.21 kN)|
|560XL Citation XLS+||52 ft 6 in (16.00 m)||56 ft 4 in (17.17 m)||370 sq ft (34 m2)||0 °||68 in (1.7 m)||9||20,200 lb (9,200 kg)||441 kn (817 km/h)||2,100 nmi (3,900 km)||2 PW545C||8,238 lbf (36.64 kN)|
|680A Citation Latitude||62 ft 3 in (18.97 m)||72 ft 4 in (22.05 m)||543 sq ft (50.4 m2)||16.3 °||77 in (2.0 m)||9||30,800 lb (14,000 kg)||446 kn (826 km/h)||2,850 nmi (5,280 km)||2 PW306D1||11,814 lbf (52.55 kN)|
|680 Citation Sovereign||63 ft 6 in (19.35 m)||72 ft 4 in (22.05 m)||543 sq ft (50.4 m2)||16.3 °||68 in (1.7 m)||12||30,775 lb (13,959 kg)||460 kn (850 km/h)||3,190 nmi (5,910 km)||2 PW306D||11,814 lbf (52.55 kN)|
|700 Citation Longitude||73 ft 2 in (22.30 m)||68 ft 11 in (21.01 m)||537 sq ft (49.91 m²)||28.6 °||77 in (1.96 m)||12||39,500 lb (17,917 kg)||476 ktas (882 km/h)||3,500 nmi (6,482 km)||2 HTF7700L||15,200 lbf (68 kN)|
- Cessna Citation I / I/SP
- Cessna Citation II/SII/Bravo
- Cessna Citation III/VI/VII
- Cessna Citation V/Ultra/Encore
- Cessna Citation X
- Cessna Citation Excel/XLS/XLS+
- Cessna CitationJet/CJ series
- Cessna Citation Sovereign
- Cessna Citation Mustang
- Cessna Citation Columbus
- Cessna Citation Longitude
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "Cessna delivers milestone 7,000th Citation as NetJets' first Citation Latitude" (Press release). Textron Aviation. June 27, 2016. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- Kate Sarsfield (18 Sep 2019). "Cessna marks 50th anniversary of first Citation flight". Flightglobal.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1996). Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory. London: Brassey's. p. 128. ISBN 1-85753-198-1.
- "Citation M2". Archived from the original on 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- "Citation CJ3+". Archived from the original on 2015-11-15. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- "Citation CJ4". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- "Citation XLS+". Archived from the original on 2015-09-11. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- "Citation Latitude". Archived from the original on 2014-12-16. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- "Citation Sovereign". Archived from the original on 2015-11-15. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- "Citation Longitude". Archived from the original on 2016-11-24. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- X as in the Roman numeral for ten