Cerro Potosí

Cerro El Potosí is the highest mountain in the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range of northeast Mexico. It is located in the state of Nuevo León, about 80 km (50 mi) south of Monterrey.[2]

Cerro El Potosí
Cerro del Potosí desde el Pozo del Gavilán - panoramio.jpg
Cerro Potosí in the end of winter, viewed from Pozo del Gavilán.
Highest point
Elevation3,721 m (12,208 ft)[1]
Prominence1,876 m (6,155 ft)[1]
Coordinates24°52′18″N 100°13′57″W / 24.87167°N 100.23250°W / 24.87167; -100.23250Coordinates: 24°52′18″N 100°13′57″W / 24.87167°N 100.23250°W / 24.87167; -100.23250[1]
Cerro El Potosí is located in Mexico
Cerro El Potosí
Cerro El Potosí
Location in Mexico
LocationGaleana, Nuevo León, Mexico
Parent rangeSierra Madre Oriental
Easiest routeroad
Cerro Potosí in winter, viewed from the Mexico 57 highway to the west. Microwave relay station visible on summit.

Flora and faunaEdit

It is composed of limestone, and is noted for its very diverse flora including several endemic or near-endemic species, such as the Potosi Pinyon. At the foot of the mountain, a series of springs and endorheic basins were the only site in which the pupfish Cyprinodon alvarezi and Megupsilon aporus, and the dwarf crayfish Cambarellus alvarezi lived. The last two are entirely extinct, while Cyprinodon alvarezi is extinct in the wild (only survives in captivity).[3][4][5]


Access was very difficult in the past, but in the 1960s a microwave relay station was built on the summit, with the road built for this providing easy access from the east.

Protected areasEdit

In 2000 the upper slopes of the mountain were designated an ecological reserve, covering 9.02 km2.[6] A northern portion of the mountain, including the actual summit, are in the Cuenca Alimentadora del Distrito Nacional de Riego 026 Bajo Río San Juan, a natural resources protection area.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Mexico Ultras" See footnote 14. Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
  2. ^ "Cerro el Potosí - Peakbagger.com". www.peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2018-07-17.
  3. ^ Ceballos, G.; E.D. Pardo; L.M. Estévez; H.E. Pérez, eds. (2016). Los peces dulceacuícolas de México en peligro de extinción. pp. 72–74, 78–79. ISBN 978-607-16-4087-1.
  4. ^ Valdes Gonzales, A. (2019). "Cyprinodon alvarezi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T6144A3104750. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T6144A3104750.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  5. ^ Alvarez, F.; López-Mejía, M.; Pedraza Lara, C. (2010). "Cambarellus alvarezi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T153825A4550209. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T153825A4550209.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  6. ^ UNEP-WCMC (2021). Protected Area Profile for Cerro El Potosí from the World Database of Protected Areas. Accessed 7 September 2021. [1]

External linksEdit