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Cercanías (Spanish: [θeɾkaˈ]) is the name given to the commuter rail systems of Spain's major metropolitan areas. In the Valencian Community, the term is replaced by Rodalia (Valencian: [roðaˈli.a]), while the designation Aldiriak (Basque: [aldiɾiak]) is used in the Basque Country. In Catalonia (where the main administrator is the regional government), it is commonly known as Rodalies (Catalan: [ruðəˈli.əs]).

Renfe Cercanías.svg
Renfe Aldiriak.svg Renfe Rodalia.svg Renfe Rodalies.svg
OwnerRenfe Operadora & Regional Rail Operators (FGC)
Transit typeCommuter rail

Operated by the national rail company Renfe Operadora, Cercanías are in the process of being transferred to the regional autonomous governments. The former Rodalies Barcelona was handed over to the Catalan Government and renamed "Rodalies de Catalunya".

There are currently twelve Cercanías systems in Spain (including the distinct Rodalies system in Catalonia): Asturias, Bilbao, Cádiz, Catalonia, Madrid, Málaga, Murcia/Alicante, Santander, San Sebastián, Seville, Valencia, and Zaragoza. It is well linked to Metro systems in Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia.

The Madrid Cercanías network was the target of the 2004 Madrid train bombings. The attacks, which killed 191 people in Santa Eugenia, El Pozo and Atocha stations, were the bloodiest terrorist actions in Spain to date.

List of Cercanías / Rodalies / Rodalia / Aldiriak systemsEdit

Map of Spain with all of the current Cercanías systems. The Rodalies de Catalunya system is also shown.
System Name Major Cities Served Annual patronage (2017)[1] Lines Stations Length (km)
Cercanías Madrid Madrid 227,800,000 10 90 370
Rodalies de Catalunya Barcelona, Girona, Tarragona 117,000,000 19 228 615
Cercanías Valencia Valencia 15,860,000 6 66 252
Cercanías Málaga Málaga 11,338,341[2] 2 26 70
Cercanías Bilbao Bilbao 10,180,000 3 44 67
Cercanías Sevilla Seville 7,480,000 5 37 251
Cercanías San Sebastián San Sebastián 6,150,000 1 30 80.5
Cercanías Asturias Gijón, Oviedo, Avilés 5,140,000 3 - -
Cercanías Murcia/Alicante Murcia, Alicante 3,730,000 3 26 202
Cercanías Cádiz Cádiz, Jerez de la Frontera 2,800,000 2 13 61
Cercanías Santander Santander 670,000 1 27 92
Cercanías Zaragoza Zaragoza 290,000 1 6 16.6

Rolling stockEdit


  1. ^ "Los trenes de cercanías van casi vacíos y apenas superan la cifra de usuarios de hace diez años". 11 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. ^ Málaga, La Opinión de. "Los Cercanías de Málaga alcanzan los 11,3 millones de usuarios". Retrieved 14 March 2019.

External linksEdit