Central Square (Welsh: Sgwâr Canolog) is a large public space in Cardiff, Wales, adjacent to Cardiff Central railway station and included Cardiff Central bus station between 1954 and 2015. It was redeveloped and extended in the late 2010s and early 2020s.
|Addresses||1–6 Central Square|
|Nearest Railway station||Cardiff Central|
|Designer||Foster and Partners (Gerard Evenden)|
Until the 1930s an area of terraced housing, churches and shops, named Temperance Town, occupied the current site of Central Square. As a result, due to its legal history, Central Square is now one of a few areas in Cardiff designated an alcohol control zone, allowing the police to confiscate alcohol.
Between 1932 and 1934, the Great Western Railway replaced the original 1850s station building (also designed by their architect's department) with a new Art Deco building faced in Portland stone, enclosing a booking hall with noted Art Deco light fittings, all topped by a clock cupola. The Great Western Railway has its full name carved onto the façade (larger than the name of the station). During the new station's planning and construction, the GWR made representations to Cardiff Corporation to improve the immediate area. As a result, from 1930 the Corporation started to plan the removal of the adjacent working-class district, Temperance Town.
The streets of Temperance Town were demolished in 1937, although the intervention of World War II halted redevelopment plans until after the war. A new bus station was opened in 1954, and a new office building, Marland House, was constructed to the east of the bus station.
In 1999 a 4-metre-high (13 ft) sculpture, Cader Idris (named after Cadair Idris) was erected in Central Square. However, within six months it was reportedly described as a "dirty disgrace" and (in 2008) it was reportedly attracting undesirables to congregate on it. It was later dismantled and relocated to Cardiff Bay Wetlands Reserve.
By the early 2010s, Marland House had become a hard-to-let 1950s office block, adjacent to a multi-storey car park; plus a series of street-side shops including a Greggs, Burger King, Cardiff Point, but mostly occupied by charity shops. With the development of St David's/Dewi Sant complete, and the resultant pedestrianisation of St Mary Street, Cardiff Council was now looking further eastwards to redevelop the Square, with the aim of creating a modern transport gateway to Cardiff city centre.
In 2010 hotel developer Urban Solutions promised £300,000 towards improvements towards the long-term regeneration of Central Square. They also agreed to fund twelve cycle stands and the OYBike hire point outside Central Station.
In 2012 another proposal was unveiled by Cardiff Council to sell off the existing bus station land for redevelopment and invest some of the money in Central Square, to be renamed "Capital Square". An 80-metre-long (260 ft) fountain was envisaged by the architects, Stride Treglown, along with a "Welsh Garden" reflecting the landscape of Wales. The bus station would close in September 2012 and a 10-12 storey office headquarters would be built on the site. A new bus station would be constructed to the east, after the demolition of Marland House.
In October 2014 another master plan was announced, including one million square feet (9.3 hectares) of new office space and a 200-bed hotel. The master plan was being overseen by Foster and Partners, led by Cardiff-born partner Gerard Evenden. As well as the original office space and hotel, the new plan also accommodated the relocated headquarters and main news studios of BBC Wales in a new building, New Broadcasting House.
Construction began in Autumn 2015 on buildings located on the old bus station, with Marland House scheduled for demolition from Summer 2016.[needs updating] There was also a proposed £80 million development of Cardiff Central station, with a two floor shopping and retail area located above a new bus station, connected to the railway station through both structures' extensive use of glass.
One Central Square opened in 2016 for tenants including Blake Morgan LLP and Julian Hodge Bank. Two Central Square also opened in 2016 with tenants including Hugh James LLP and the Cardiff School of Journalism. In 2019 BBC Cymru Wales moved into Three Central Square, directly opposite the main terminal building. That same year, Cardiff Council confirmed the Cardiff Transport Interchange will be built by 2023, located adjacent to the BBC as a replacement for the bus station. 6 Central Square, occupied by HM Revenue & Customs and named bilingually Tŷ William Morgan - William Morgan House, was completed in 2020.
- Abby Alford Police clamp down on station drunks, South Wales Echo, 24 June 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- "Cardiff General Railway Station, Cardiff". Coflein. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Abandoned Communities... Temperance Town (3), Abandonedcommunities.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Abandoned Communities... Temperance Town (5), Abandonedcommunities.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Statue of the week, South Wales Echo, 15 November 2004. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Tim Lewis, Cader Idris sculptor set for bay move, South Wales Echo, 19 March 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
- Abby Alford Hotel developer pledges £300k to spruce up Cardiff’s Central Square, South Wales Echo, 13 August 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Peter Law, "Exciting Times" for Capital, South Wales Echo, 30 January 2012, pp. 4/5.
- Sion Barry, Cardiff's new Central Square development: An exclusive glimpse at the dramatic overhaul planned for the heart of the capital, Western Mail, 30 October 2014, pages 4/5.
- Barry, Sion (2015-12-15). "Julian Hodge Bank to move headquarters to Central Square". walesonline. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- Barry, Sion; Pyke, Chris (2018-08-28). "The latest timetable for the buildings in Cardiff's Central Square". walesonline. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- Wilson, Rob. "BBC Wales moves into Sheppard Robson-designed broadcast facility". Architects Journal. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- "ISG secures £89 million Cardiff transport interchange project". 2019-12-03. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- Jim Dunton (16 January 2020). "Government gets keys to £100m Cardiff hub". Civil Service World. Retrieved 24 July 2021.