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Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission

The Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中共中央政法委员会), commonly referred to as Zhongyang Zhengfawei (中央政法委, literally "Central Poli-Legal Commission") in Chinese, is the organization under the Party's Central Committee responsible for political and legal affairs. In practice the organization oversees all legal enforcement authorities, including the police force, making it a very powerful organ.

Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China
中共中央政法委员会
Danghui.svg
AbbreviationChinese: 中央政法委; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Zhèngfǎwěi; literally: "Central Poli-Legal Commission")
PredecessorCentral Leading Group for Political and Legal Affairs
Formation1980
FounderCPC Central Committee
TypeCommission directly reporting to the Central Committee
Legal statusActive
Location
Region
Mainland China
Official language
Standard Chinese
Head
Guo Shengkun
Deputy Head
Zhao Kezhi
(Other) Members
9
Secretary-General
Chen Yixin
Parent organization
CPC Central Committee
Websitewww.chinapeace.gov.cn
CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission
Simplified Chinese中共中央政法委员会
Traditional Chinese中共中央政法委員會
Literal meaningChinese-Communist Central Politics-Law Commission
Abbreviation
Chinese中央政法委
Literal meaningCentral Poli-Legal Commission

All the Party committees of provinces, municipalities, counties and autonomous regions establish respective politics and law commissions.

The Commission is headed by a secretary who is usually a Central Politburo member.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Commission was preceded by a Politics and Law Leading Group (政法领导小组; Zhèngfǎ Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) which was set up in 1958, with Peng Zhen as its leader. During the Cultural Revolution it was led by Ji Dengkui, who served as group leader until 24 January 1980, when the Commission was established, with Peng Zhen back as its secretary. The Commission was reverted to Leading Group from May 1988 to March 1990.

After the 18th Party Congress in 2012, Meng Jianzhu replaced Zhou Yongkang as the head of the commission. However, Meng, unlike Zhou, was not elected to the 18th Politburo Standing Committee.[1] The apparent downgrading of the post followed Zhou's connection with the Wang Lijun incident, which has discredited Chongqing politician Bo Xilai's method of using the internal security apparatus for political ends. As a result, the independence of the judiciary in China has increased.[2]

List of headsEdit

Leaders of the Central Political and Law GroupEdit

  1. Peng Zhen (1958)
  2. Luo Ruiqing (1958–1960)
  3. Xie Fuzhi (1960–1966)
  4. Ji Dengkui (1969–1980)

Secretaries of the Central Politics and Legal Affairs CommissionEdit

  1. Peng Zhen (1980–1982)
  2. Chen Pixian (1982–1985)
  3. Qiao Shi (1985–1992)
  4. Ren Jianxin (1992–1998)
  5. Luo Gan (1998–2007)
  6. Zhou Yongkang (2007–2012)
  7. Meng Jianzhu (2012–2017)
  8. Guo Shengkun (2017–)

Current compositionEdit

Secretary
Deputy Secretary
Members

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "China leaders reassert control over security portfolio". BBC News. 2012-11-21. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
  2. ^ Page, Jeremy (2012-11-20). "China Reins In New Security Boss's Clout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-21.