The Central Organisation for Railway Electrification (CORE), headquartered in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India, is under the ownership of Indian Railways, Ministry of Railways, Government of India. It was established for the sole purpose of railway electrification of the Indian Railways network. The organisation, founded in 1979, is headed by a General Manager. Project units operate in Ambala, Bengaluru, Chennai, Secunderabad, Lucknow, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Danapur, and New Jalpaiguri.
|Type||Subsidiary of Indian Railways|
Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh,
|Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw|
Board Chairman Suneet Sharma
General Manager Y.P. Singh
|Owner||Indian Railways, Ministry of Railways, Government of India|
CORE headquarters is having Electrical, Signal and Telecommunications (S&T), Civil Engineering, Stores, Personnel, Vigilance and Finance departments. Railway Electrification project units, are headed by Chief Project Directors.
Indian Railways has electrified 45,881 Route kilometers (RKM) that is about 71% of the total Broad-Gauge network of Indian Railways (64,689 RKM, including Konkan Railway) by March 31, 2021  It is planned to electrify all routes of Indian Railways by 2024. The entire electrified mainline rail network in India uses 25 kV AC; DC is used only for metros and trams.
1500 V DCEdit
Railway electrification in India began with the first electric train (1500 V DC), between Bombay Victoria Terminus and Kurla on the Great Indian Peninsula Railway's (GIPR) Harbour Line, on 3 February 1925. Steep grades on the Western Ghats necessitated the introduction of electric traction on the GIPR to Igatpuri on the North East Line and to Pune on the South East Line. 1500 V DC traction was introduced on the suburban section of the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway between Colaba and Borivili on 5 January 1928, and between Madras Beach and Tambaram of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway on 11 May 1931, to meet growing traffic needs. The last sections of 1500 V DC in India, from Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus Mumbai to Panvel and Thane to Vashi, were upgraded to 25 kV AC in April 2016.
3000 V DCEdit
The electrification of the Howrah-Burdwan section of the Eastern Railway at 3000 V DC was completed in 1958. The first 3000 V DC EMU service began on the Howrah-Sheoraphuli section on 14 December 1957. The last section of 3000 V DC in India, from Howrah to Burdwan, was upgraded to 25 kV AC in 1968.
25 kV ACEdit
The 25 kV AC system emerged as an economical form of electrification as a result of research and trials in Europe, particularly on French Railways (SNCF). Indian Railways decided to adopt the 25 kV AC system of electrification as a standard in 1957, with SNCF their consultant in the early stages, later taken over by the "50 c/s Group". The joint venture was founded in 1954 by several European railway manufacturers and was dedicated to the development and construction of locomotives powered by 50 Hz alternating current. It arranged the supply contracts for the WAM-1, WAG-1 and WAG-3 locomotives and its spare parts.
The first section electrified with the 25 kV AC system was Raj Kharswan–Dongoaposi, on the South Eastern Railway, on 15 December 1959 and first electric train run. The first 25 kV AC EMUs, for Kolkata suburban service, were introduced in September 1962.
The electrification office was established in Calcutta as Project Office for Railway Electrification (PORE) in 1951, when electrification of the Howrah–Burdwan section of the Eastern Railway was begun. A general manager headed the Railway Electrification Organisation, established in Calcutta in 1959. In 1961, the Northern Railway electrification office (headed by an engineer-in-chief) was established in Allahabad for the electrification of the Mughalsarai–New Delhi section. In accordance with the 1978 J. Raj Committee report, a number of electrification projects were included and a railway-electrification headquarters established. Since most of the electrification projects were in Central and South India, the electrification headquarters was established in Nagpur under an additional general manager from 1982 to 1984. The headquarters was moved to Allahabad under the additional general manager in January 1985 and was renamed Central Organisation for Railway Electrification (CORE). A general manager was appointed in July 1987.
|Plan||Before 1951||1st||2nd||3rd||Annual plans||4th||5th||Interplan||6th||7th||Interplan||8th|
|State-wise electrification (broad gauge only)|
as of 31 March 2021
|% Electrification |
(BG to BG)
|Jammu & Kashmir||298||163||54.70|
- Total (BG + MG + NG) rkm: 68155 route km
- Total Electrification %: 62.69%
|Zone-wise electrification (broad gauge only) |
as of 31 Mar 2021
|% Electrification |
(BG to BG)
- Total (BG + MG + NG) rkm: 67956 route km
- Total Electrification %: 67.52%
To reduce maintenance costs and improve the reliability of power-supply systems, CORE has adopted state-of-the-art technology: cast resin transformers, SF6 circuit breakers or vacuum switchgear, long-creepage solid-core insulators and PTFE-neutral sections. Eight-wheeled, self-propelled OHE inspection cars have been introduced to improve maintenance, and an OHE recording car has been requested to monitor the performance of overhead equipment.
The 220-132-25 kV power-supply network for electrification extends along the track for about 200 to 300 kilometres (120 to 190 mi). It is remotely controlled from the division control centre to ensure an uninterrupted power supply to the track overhead equipment. In electrification projects, a microprocessor-based supervisory control and data acquisition control system is replacing the earlier electro-mechanical Strowger system of remote-control equipment. SCADA can telemeter voltage, current, maximum demand and power factor on a real-time basis, enabling control of maximum demand and electrical cost. The system also provides automatic troubleshooting and isolation of faulty sections.
Other organisations involved in electrificationEdit
Some electrification projects have been entrusted to other agencies like RVNL (2624 RKM), IRCON (170 RKM), PGCIL (597 RKM) and RITES (170 RKM) under the Ministry of Railways and small electrification projects are carried out by zonal railways.
- "Home page", Central Organisation for Railway Electrification, Ministry of Railways, Government of India, retrieved 24 May 2021
- "Mission Electrification to save railways power bill by Rs. 13.51k crore". The New Indian Express. 4 November 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- "Railway electrification" (PDF). www.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
- "rajya sabha reply" (PDF). pqars.nic.in.