Central Guánica was a sugar mill located in Ensenada Barrio in the municipality of Guánica, Puerto Rico. It was one of the largest sugar mills in the Caribbean, and until World War I, it was one of the largest mills in the world.[1] It ceased operations in 1982.[2]

Central Guánica
View of the Central Guánica, circa 1910
Central Guánica is located in Puerto Rico
Central Guánica
Location of Central Guánica
Country Puerto Rico
CityFlag Guánica
Coordinates17°58′07″N 66°55′47″W / 17.9685°N 66.9296°W / 17.9685; -66.9296
Refinery details
Owner(s)South Puerto Rico Sugar Company (1901-1967)
Gulf and Western Industries (1967-1970s)
Commissioned1901 (1901)
Decommissioned1982 (1982)



Its owners, the South Puerto Rico Sugar Company of New Jersey, began construction of the Central Guánica sugar mill in 1901. The Central Guánica was one of the first corporations to organize a company town in Puerto Rico around the sugar mill. The town included a hospital, school and housing facilities.[2]

In 1967, South Puerto Rico Sugar Company was acquired by Gulf and Western Industries, which later sold the sugar mill during the 1970s.

In 2002, the government of Puerto Rico declared the two chimneys of the sugar mill as historic monuments.[2]


See also



  1. ^ Ayala, César J. (1999). American sugar kingdom: the plantation economy of the Spanish Caribbean. UNC Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-8078-4788-6. central guanica.
  2. ^ a b c "LEY NUM. 154 DE 10 DE AGOSTO DE 2002" (in Spanish). Lex Juris. Retrieved 23 January 2010.