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Central Bohemian Region

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The Central Bohemian Region (Czech: Středočeský kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is in the Czech capital Prague (Czech: Praha), which lies in the centre of the region. However, the city is not part of it but is a region of its own.

Central Bohemia
Středočeský kraj
Region
Cityscape of Kutná Hora with St James church
Cityscape of Kutná Hora with St James church
Flag of Central Bohemia
Flag
Coat of arms of Central Bohemia
Coat of arms
Location of Central Bohemia
Country  Czech Republic
Capital Prague
Government
 • Governor Jaroslava Pokorná Jermanová (ANO)
Area
 • Total 11,014.97 km2 (4,252.90 sq mi)
Highest elevation 865 m (2,838 ft)
Population (01/2016)
 • Total 1,326,876
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166-2 CZ-ST
Licence plate S
NUTS code CZ02
GDP per capita (PPS) € 17,200[1]
Website http://www.kr-stredocesky.cz/

The Central Bohemian Region is in the centre of Bohemia. In terms of area, it is the largest region in the Czech Republic, with 11,014 km², almost 14% of the total area of the country. It surrounds the country’s capital, Prague, and borders Liberec Region (in the north), Hradec Králové Region (northeast), Pardubice Region (east), Vysočina Region (southeast), South Bohemian Region (south), Plzeň Region (west) and Ústí nad Labem Region (northwest).

Contents

Administrative divisionsEdit

The Central Bohemian Region is divided into 12 districts:

Districts of the Central Bohemian Region
  Benešov
  Beroun
  Kladno
  Kolín
  Kutná Hora
  Mělník
  Mladá Boleslav
  Nymbruk
  Praha-Východ (Prague-East)
  Praha-Západ (Prague-West)
  Příbram
  Rakovník

Příbram District is the region’s largest district in terms of area (15% of the total region’s area), while Prague-West District is the smallest one (5%). In 2011, the region counted in total 1,145 municipalities where of 26 were municipalities with a delegated municipal office. 1,044 municipalities had less than 2,000 inhabitants and they accounted for 42% of the total population of the region. 82 municipalities had a status of town.

GeographyEdit

 
The Sázava River at the Kliment's View

With an area of 11,014 km², the Central Bohemian Region is the largest region of the Czech Republic, occupying 14% of its total area. The region has relatively various natural conditions. The highest point of the region is located on Tok hill (865 m[2]) in Brdy Highlands in the south-eastern part of the region. The lowest point of the region is situated on the water surface of the Elbe River (Czech: Labe) near Dolní Beřkovice.

The region is divided into two landscape types. The north-eastern part is formed by Polabí lowlands with a high share of land being used for agricultural purposes and deciduous forests. The south-western part of the region is hilly with coniferous and mixed forests.

Important rivers in the region are Elbe, Vltava, Berounka, Jizera and Sázava. On Vltava river, a series of nine dams (Czech: Vltavská kaskáda) were constructed throughout the 20th century.

The agricultural land accounts for 83.5% of all land in the region, which 11p.p. more than the national average. The highest share of the agricultural land can be found in Polabí, especially in Kolín and Nymburk districts.

There are a number of landscape parks located in the region. Křivoklátsko is the largest and most important landscape park in the region, being at the same time a UNESCO Biosphere Reservation. Another remarkable area is the Bohemian Karst, the largest karst area in the Czech republic where the Koněprusy Caves (Czech: Koněpruské jeskyně) are located. Finally, Kokořínsko Landscape park is for a large part situated in the Central Bohemian Region.

PopulationEdit

As of December 31, 2012 the Central Bohemian Region had 1,291,816 inhabitants and was the most populous region in the country. About 53% of the inhabitants lived in towns or cities. This is the lowest proportion among the regions of the Czech Republic.

Since the second half of the 1990s the areas surrounding Prague have been significantly influenced by suburbanization. High numbers of young people have moved to the region and since 2006 the region has been experiencing a natural population growth. In 2011, the average age in the region was 40.3 years, the lowest number among the regions in the Czech Republic.

The table shows cities and towns in the region that had more than 8,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2013):

Name Population Area (km²) District
  Kladno 68,551 37 Kladno District
  Mladá Boleslav 44,229 29 Mladá Boleslav District
  Příbram 33,553 33 Příbram District
  Kolín 31,077 35 Kolín District
  Kutná Hora 20,470 33 Kutná Hora District
  Mělník 19,346 25 Mělník District
  Beroun 18,919 31 Beroun District
  Kralupy nad Vltavou 17,855 22 Mělník District
  Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav 17,503 23 Prague-East District
  Benešov 16,541 47 Benešov District
  Rakovník 16,427 19 Rakovník District
  Neratovice 16,415 20 Mělník District
  Slaný 15,300 35 Kladno District
  Nymburk 14,871 21 Nymburk District
  Říčany 14,116 26 Prague-East District
  Poděbrady 13,986 34 Nymburk District
  Vlašim 11,769 41 Benešov District
  Čelákovice 11,618 16 Prague-East District
  Čáslav 10,138 26 Kutná Hora District
  Milovice 10,042 31 Nymburk District
  Lysá nad Labem 8,988 34 Nymburk District
  Dobříš 8,755 53 Příbram District
  Mnichovo Hradiště 8,384 34 Mladá Boleslav District

EconomyEdit

 
Silver mining in Kutná Hora in the 15th century
 
Škoda Superb produced in Mladá Boleslav

In 2010, the regional GDP per capita was 89.9% of the national average, which is the third highest among the regions of the Czech Republic. Six out of ten employees in the region work in the tertiary sector and the share of this sector on the total employment has been increasing over time. On the other hand, the share of primary and secondary sector has been decreasing. The unemployment rate in the region is in the long-term lower than the national average. As of December 31, 2012 the registered unemployment rate was 7.07%. However, there were considerable differences in the unemployment rate within the region. The lowest unemployment rate was in Prague-East District (3.35%) while the highest in Příbram District (10.10%). The average wage in the region in 2012 was CZK 24,749 (approximately EUR 965).

IndustryEdit

The most important branches of industry in the region are mechanical engineering, chemical industry and food industry. Other significant industries are glass production, ceramics and printing. On the other hand, some traditional industries such as steel industry, leather manufacturing and coal mining have been declining in the recent period.

In 2006, 237 industrial companies with 100 or more employees were active in the region. A car manufacturer ŠKODA AUTO a.s. Mladá Boleslav became a company of nationwide importance. Another car manufacturer which is active in the region is TPCA Czech, s.r.o. in Kolín.

AgricultureEdit

The north-eastern part of the region has very favourable conditions for agriculture. The agriculture in the region is oriented especially in crop farming, namely the production of wheat, barley, sugar beet and in suburban areas also fruit farming, vegetable growing and floriculture. Since the beginning of 1990’s the employment in agriculture, forestry and fishing has been decreasing.

TransportEdit

The region has an advantageous position thanks to its proximity to the capital. A significant proportion of region’s population commutes daily to Prague for work or to schools. Compared to other regions, the Central Bohemian region has the densest (and the most overloaded) transport network. The roads and railways connecting the capital with other regions all cross the Central Bohemian region.

TourismEdit

Central Bohemia official tourist board is based in Husova street 156/21 Prague 1 Old Town. The official website of Central bohemia is www.centralbohemia.eu (Currently under reconstruction). There are also social pages on Faceboook and Instagram.

CastlesEdit

Photo galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GDP per inhabitant in 2006 ranged from 25% of the EU27 average in Nord-Est in Romania to 336% in Inner London" (PDF). Eurostat. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2009-03-25.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2018-02-09.

External linksEdit