Central Ayrshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Central Ayrshire is a constituency of the British House of Commons, located in the south-west of Scotland within the North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire council areas. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Central Ayrshire in Scotland for the 2005 general election
|Subdivisions of Scotland||North Ayrshire, South Ayrshire|
|Member of Parliament||Philippa Whitford (SNP)|
|Created from||Cunninghame South, Ayr|
|Replaced by||Cunninghame South, Cunninghame North and Ayr|
|Created from||Ayr Burghs, Bute and Northern Ayrshire, and Kilmarnock|
Carrick, Cumnock & Doon Valley,
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 References
As created in 1950, the constituency merged parts of the Bute and Northern Ayrshire and Kilmarnock constituencies. Following the Representation of the People Act 1948, the Central Ayrshire constituency between 1950-55 consisted of Irvine, Kilwinning, Stewarton, Troon, Kilbirnie and part of the district of Kilmarnock. When abolished in 1983, the constituency was largely replaced by Cunninghame South, with Troon and its surrounding areas forming part of the Ayr constituency.
The constituency was re-established in 2005, centred around the historic burgh of Irvine and stretching north to cover part of Kilwinning and south to cover the coastal resort towns of Prestwick, Troon and their adjacent hinterlands alongside part of Ayr. The constituency covers the 2017 electoral wards of Irvine East, Irvine South, Irvine West and a small section of Kilwinning (between the River Garnock and the B778) from the North Ayrshire Council area and Prestwick, Troon, Kyle and a small section of Ayr North (between Seaforth Road and Lochside Road in Heathfield) from the South Ayrshire Council area. The remainder of the North Ayrshire Council area is represented as part of the North Ayrshire and Arran Parliamentary constituency, with the remainder of South Ayrshire being covered by the Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock Parliamentary constituency alongside parts of East Ayrshire.
A diverse seat, the constituency covers towns such as Irvine and parts of Kilwinning to the north, as well as the more affluent coastal resorts of Troon and Prestwick to the south. The seat also takes in a set of villages in rural South Ayrshire including the former mining communities of Annbank, Mossblown and Tarbolton alongside the villages of Loans, Dundonald and Symington.
Irvine was designated in the 1970s as a Glasgow overspill new town. In recent local council elections, the SNP have performed strongly in the town of Irvine. The coastal towns of Prestwick and Troon join the town as part of the constituency as well as outlying rural areas located south and east of Troon and Prestwick: Prestwick, Troon and their hinterlands have sustained a considerable level of support for Conservative candidates locally and as part of the Ayr constituency in the Scottish Parliament. Heathfield in Ayr North also forms part of the constituency: this area is relatively small and has elected Labour councillors locally.
UK Parliament electionsEdit
The seat has mostly elected Labour Party MPs since the 1950s, with the former MP Brian Donohoe having represented the seat since its creation in 2005, and was MP for the predecessor seat of Cunninghame South since the 1992 general election. He lost his seat at the 2015 general election during an SNP landslide in Scotland, in which the SNP's Philippa Whitford was elected with a majority of 13,589 votes. At the 2017 UK general election the Conservatives were well ahead in Prestwick and Troon in South Ayrshire, with the SNP finishing first in Irvine in North Ayrshire, allowing for Philippa Whitford to return as the Member of Parliament for the Central Ayrshire constituency with a significantly reduced majority of 1,267 votes (2.8%) ahead of Conservative challenger Caroline Hollins-Martin.
Scottish Parliament electionsEdit
The constituency overlaps the Scottish Parliamentary constituencies of Ayr, Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley and Cunninghame South. The Ayr constituency has been represented by Conservative MSP John Scott since a by-election in 2000, marginally ahead of the SNP in second place. Cunninghame South is currently represented by SNP MSP Ruth Maguire, who sustained a significant majority of 22.1% of the vote at the 2016 Scottish Parliament election ahead of Labour's Joe Cullinane in second place.
At the most recent local council election in 2017 the composition of Councillors elected in the equivalent area of the Central Ayrshire constituency was as follows:
|Conservative||Labour||Scottish National Party|
The total number of votes cast by political party in the equivalent area of Central Ayrshire at the local election was as follows:
- Scottish Conservatives - 11,657 (38.3%)
- Scottish National Party - 10,391 (34.2%)
- Scottish Labour - 7,151 (23.5%)
- Independents - 679 (2.2%)
- Scottish Greens - 536 (1.8%)
- Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition - 42 (0.1%)
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1983||constituency abolished: see Ayr and Cunninghame South|
|2005||constituency created, see Ayr, Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley and Cunninghame South|
|2015||Philippa Whitford||Scottish National Party|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Emma Farthing|
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Inglis||1,050||2.3||+0.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Gordon Bain||917||1.8||−10.1|
|Scottish Green||Veronika Tudhope||645||1.3||N/A|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+27.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Andrew Chamberlain||5,236||11.9||−4.1|
|Socialist Labour||James McDaid||422||1.0||−0.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Iain Kennedy||6,881||16.1||+9.7|
|Scottish Socialist||Denise Morton||820||1.9||−1.0|
|Socialist Labour||Robert Cochrane||468||1.1||+0.5|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing|
|Unionist||William Rankine Milligan||19,310||47.90|
|Unionist||William Rankine Milligan||16,830||43.85|
|Liberal||Charles Jack Coleman||2,760||7.19|
- "'Ayrshire Central', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-15. Retrieved 2011-02-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- [permanent dead link]
- Reynolds, Michael (14 June 2017). "Philippa survives shock Tory push". Ayrshire Post. Ayr.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
- "Forthcoming Elections". North Ayrshire Council. North Ayrshire Council. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Marc Hope PPC for Central Ayrshire". South Ayrshire Conservatives. Archived from the original on 9 April 2015.
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "Green Party name Central Ayrshire candidate". Irvine Times.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Whitaker's Almanack 1977
- Whitaker's Almanack 1963