Central Australia, also sometimes referred to as the Red Centre, is an inexactly defined region associated with the geographic centre of Australia. In its narrowest sense it describes a region that is limited to the town of Alice Springs and its immediate surrounds including the MacDonnell Ranges. Commonly, it refers to an area up to 600 km (370 mi) from Alice Springs, in every direction. In its broadest use it can include almost any region in inland Australia that has remained relatively undeveloped, and in this sense is synonymous with the term Outback. Centralia is another term associated with the area, most commonly used by locals.

Central Australia
Northern Territory
Aerial view of Central Australian landscape
Central Australia is located in Northern Territory
Central Australia
Central Australia
Coordinates23°42′0″S 133°52′12″E / 23.70000°S 133.87000°E / -23.70000; 133.87000
Population41,000 (2016)[1]

As described by Charles Sturt in one of the earlier uses of the term "A veil hung over Central Australia that could neither be pierced or raised. Girt round about by deserts, it almost appeared as if Nature had intentionally closed it upon civilized man, that she might have one domain on the earth's wide field over which the savage might roam in freedom."[2]

In a modern, more formal sense it can refer to the administrative region used by the Northern Territory government, as of 2022.

Administrative region Edit

Location of the Central Australia (Alice Springs) Economic Region

Economic region Edit

There are six regions in the Northern Territory for the purposes of economic planning, as defined by the Northern Territory Government:[3]

This region has an estimated population of total regional population of 41,000, serviced by Alice Springs (population 28,000). The town also services parts of South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland.[4]Local Government Areas (LGAs) make up the region:[citation needed]

Climate Edit

The region has a desert environment, meaning it is very dry, receiving on average just 150 millimetres (6 in) of rainfall annually.[5] Most of the annual rainfall falls during extreme rainfall events in the summer months. Moderate dry winters persist between May and October with hot, long summers from November to April.[6]

Colloquial or general use Edit

In more general usage, or when referring to the flora and fauna of Australia, the term "central Australia" may refer to a large area in the interior of the continent, including the Lake Eyre Basin, which stretches across three states and the NT.[7] For many, the term "outback" is almost synonymous with central Australia.[8]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "NT regional economic profiles". Department of Trade, Business and Innovation. Northern Territory Government. 18 April 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  2. ^ Sturt, Charles (1849). Expedition into Central Australia. London.
  3. ^ "Strengthening the regions". Department of the Chief Minister and Cabinet. 26 September 2022. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Central Australia". Department of the Chief Minister and Cabinet. 24 September 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  5. ^ Laity, Julie J. (2009). Deserts and Desert Environments. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 43, 45. ISBN 978-1444300741. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  6. ^ Boas, T.; Mallants, D. (April 2022). "Episodic extreme rainfall events drive groundwater recharge in arid zone environments of central Australia". Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 40: 101005. Bibcode:2022JHyRS..4001005B. doi:10.1016/j.ejrh.2022.101005.
  7. ^ Willis, Carli (8 November 2022). "Traditional owners, advocates say federal Threatened Species Action Plan will not stop central Australia extinctions - ABC News". ABC. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Where is the Outback?". Travel Outback Australia. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2022.

External links Edit