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Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute

The Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (Russian: Центра́льный аэрогидродинами́ческий институ́т, ЦАГИ, romanizedTsentralniy Aerogidrodinamicheskiy Institut, TsAGI) was founded in Moscow by Russian aviation pioneer Nikolai Yegorovich Zhukovsky on December 1, 1918.

Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute
Native name
Центра́льный аэрогидродинами́ческий институ́т имени профессора Н. Е. Жуковского
federal state unitary enterprise
Founded1918; 101 years ago (1918)
FounderNikolay Zhukovsky
Area served
Key people
  • Kirill Sypalo - General Director
  • Sergey Chernyshev - Research Director
OwnerRussian Federation
Number of employees
4392 (2013)
TsAGI's Engineering building (centre) and stall-spin testing aerodynamic tube (left, built 1941)



From 1925 and up to the 1930s, TsAGI developed and hosted Tupolev's AGOS (Aviatziya, Gidroaviatziya i Opytnoye Stroitelstvo, the "Aviation, Hydroaviation, and Experimental Construction"), the first aircraft design bureau in Soviet Union, and at the time the main one.[1] In 1930, two other major aircraft design bureaus in the country were the Ilyushin's TsKB (Tsentralnoye Konstruksionnoye Byuro means "Central Design Bureau") and an independent, short-lived Kalinin's team in Kharkiv.[1]

In 1935 TsAGI was partly relocated to the former dacha settlement Otdykh (literally, "Relaxation") converted to the new urban-type settlement Stakhanovo. It was named after Alexey Stakhanov, a famous Soviet miner. On April 23, 1947, the settlement was granted town status and renamed to Zhukovsky. The Moscow branch of the institute is known Moscow complex of TsAGI.

In 1965 in Zhukovsky a Department of Aeromechanics and Flight Engineering of MIPT was established with support of TsAGI's research and knowledge base to educate young specialists for aerospace industry.

Among TsAGI's developments are the rocket Energia and the Space Shuttle Buran.

In 2013 TsAGI developed a testbench for high-speed compound helicopters with propellers.[2]

Heads of the instituteEdit

  • 1918–1921: N. Y. Zhukovsky
  • 1921–1931: S. A. Chaplygin
  • 1932–1937: N. M. Kharlamov
  • 1938–1939: M. N. Shulzhenko
  • 1940–1941: I. F. Petrov
  • 1941–1950: S. N. Shishkin
  • 1950–1960: A. I. Makarevsky
  • 1960–1967: V. M. Myasishchev
  • 1967–1989: G. P. Swischjov
  • 1989–1995: G I. Zagaynov
  • 1995–1998: V. Ja. Neuland
  • 1998–2006: V. G. Dmitriyev
  • 2006–2007: V. A. Kargopoltsev
  • 2007–2009: S. L. Chernyshev [ru]
  • 2009–2015: B. S. Aljoshin
  • 2015–2018: S. L. Chernyshev [ru]
  • August 2018–present: K. I. Sypalo


  1. ^ a b Albrecht, Ulrich; Nikutta, Randolph (October 1993). The Soviet armaments industry. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-3-7186-5313-3.
  2. ^ TsAGI has created a unique test bench for testing high-speed helicopters TsAGI, 13 December 2013

External linksEdit