Cemil Cahit Toydemir

Cemil Cahit Toydemir (1883 in Constantinople – July 15, 1956 in Istanbul) was an officer of the Ottoman Army and a general of the Turkish Army of Circassian origin. He served in Caucasus front in WWI, after Armistice of Mudros he joined Turkish National Movement and attended Sivas Congress.[2]

Cemil Cahit Toydemir
1318-P. 311[1]
Cemil toydemir.jpg
Born1883 (1883)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
DiedJuly 15, 1956(1956-07-15) (aged 72–73)
Istanbul, Turkey
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Years of serviceOttoman Empire: 1902–1920
Turkey: May 1919 – June 15, 1946
Commands held53rd Regiment, 33rd Division (deputy), 4th Caucasian, 1st Caucasian Division
5th Caucasian, 10th Division, Inspector of the Thrace 1st Gendarmerie Area, 41st Division, 11th Division, Undersecretary of the Army of the Ministry of National Defence, V Corps, deputy president of the Military Supreme Court, General Commander of the Gendarmerie, XX Corps, president of the Military Supreme Court, First Army
Battles/warsItalo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars
First World War
War of Independence
Other workMember of the GNAT (Istanbul)
Minister of National Defence

Meeting with Adolf HitlerEdit

In 1943 Adolf Hitler invited Turkish government to an official visit. Army General Toydemir had been assigned by President İnönü to visit Nazi Germany in an official trip. He had visited Atlantic Wall and Eastern Front. He examined Tiger I tanks with Turkish officers just before Operation Citadel and shared a Cigar with Erich von Manstein.

General Toydemir with Field Marshal von Manstein in eastern front
General Toydemir with Gerd von Rundstedt

During this trip he noticed Hitler Youth members below the age of eighteen were in uniform. He meet Adolf Hitler, Wilhelm Keitel and Alfred Jodl, and during the meeting Hitler stated that Turks being the first ones to defy postwar treaties inspired their movement and compared the well-preparedness of Atlantic wall to Çatalca line (Çatalca line was built to stop any probable German invasion.).

Hitler also claimed if they didn't started Operation Barbarossa in 1940 Soviet Union would have invaded Europe. Hitler ended the meeting with a prediction that in the future it will only take two hours to fly from Moscow to Berlin. After he came back to Turkey, General Toydemir wrote a report to President İnönü about Germany's military situation. He came to a conclusion that Germany would lose the war.[3]

General Toydemir and Adolf Hitler
General Toydemir and Heinrich Himmler

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 183. (in Turkish)
  2. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genelkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, s. 183.
  3. ^ http://www.rifatbali.com/images/stories/dokumanlar/hitler_ile_gorusme.pdf[bare URL PDF]

External linksEdit

  Media related to Cemil Cahit Toydemir at Wikimedia Commons

Military offices
Preceded by General Commanders of Gendarmerie
January 12, 1939–November 21, 1940
Succeeded by
Preceded by Inspector of the First Army
December 17, 1933–June 15, 1946
Succeeded by