Cemil Çiçek

Cemil Çiçek (pronounced [dʒemil tʃitʃec]; born 15 November 1946) is a Turkish politician who was the Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey between 4 July 2011 and 7 June 2015. Previously he was Minister of Justice from 2002 to 2007 and Deputy Prime Minister from 2007 to 2011. He was also a Justice and Development Party Member of Parliament from Ankara.

Cemil Çiçek
Cemil Çiçek in meeting with Iranian parliament chairman Ali Larijani.jpg
25th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
In office
4 July 2011 – 23 June 2015
PresidentAbdullah Gül
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
DeputySadık Yakut
Mehmet Sağlam (2011-13)
Ayşe Nur Bahçekapılı (2013-15)
Güldal Mumcu
Meral Akşener
Preceded byMehmet Ali Şahin
Succeeded byİsmet Yılmaz
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
28 August 2007 – 28 June 2011
Prime MinisterRecep Tayyip Erdoğan
Serving withHayati Yazıcı
Nazım Ekren
Bülent Arınç
Ali Babacan
Preceded byAbdullah Gül
Succeeded byBeşir Atalay
Minister of Justice
In office
20 November 2002 – 8 May 2007
Prime MinisterAbdullah Gül
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Preceded byAysel Çelikel
Succeeded byFahri Kasırga
Minister of State
(Responsible for Energy and Natural Resources)
In office
6 March 1996 – 28 June 1996
Prime MinisterMesut Yılmaz
Minister of State
(Responsible for Family Affairs)
In office
21 December 1987 – 23 June 1991
Prime MinisterTurgut Özal
Yıldırım Akbulut
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
1 November 2015 – 24 June 2018
ConstituencyAnkara (II) (Nov 2015)
In office
8 January 1996 – 7 June 2015
ConstituencyAnkara (I) (1995, 1999, 2002, 2007)
Ankara (II) (2011)
In office
14 December 1987 – 20 October 1991
ConstituencyYozgat (1987)
Personal details
Born (1946-11-15) 15 November 1946 (age 76)
Yozgat, Turkey
Political partyJustice and Development Party (AKP)
Other political
Motherland Party (ANAP)
RelationsMehmet Çiçek (cousin)
Alma materIstanbul University

Early lifeEdit

He was born on 15 November 1946 in Yozgat, Turkey. He graduated from the Law Faculty of Istanbul University. In 1983, he joined the centre-right ANAP. He became an ANAP MP for Yozgat, and in the late 1980s Minister of State responsible for "the family". In this role he was known for his conservative views on matters of sex and marriage.[citation needed]

Political careerEdit

He later became Minister for Energy and Natural Resources but was expelled from ANAP in 1997, upon which he joined the Islamic leaning Fazilet Party, which later evolved into the AKP.[citation needed]

He was Minister of Justice in the first AKP government (from 2003 to 2007), when as a former ANAP MP he was thought to be one of the leading figures of the AKP most acceptable to the Turkish military. During his ministry, he had to deal with situations including:

  • the 2003 Istanbul bombings
  • the release of former MP Leyla Zana from prison,
  • the prosecutions of a number of police officers accused of torturing prisoners,
  • an attempted suicide bombing of his ministry.

His legislation included stricter controls of prisons (in 2006).

Speaker of the ParliamentEdit

Cemil Çiçek of the AKP became the new parliament speaker of Turkey in the third round of voting on 4 July 2011. Çiçek received 302 votes in the first round voting, while Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) parliamentarian Tunca Toskay received 50 votes. The AKP's second candidate, Zelkif Kazdal, received 23 votes and withdrew his nomination after the first round. Çiçek went on to win 322 votes and Tunca Toskay won 52 in the second round of voting. Çiçek was elected as the new speaker with 322 votes in the third round, in which Toskay received 50 votes. Three votes were declared invalid. In his speech after his election, Çiçek appealed to the opposition parties that were boycotting Parliament to take their oaths. "Parliament should be a place of work, not of conflict. We have many issues to solve. We can't afford to waste any time," Çiçek said.[1]


  • The mentality of the general public is the prime obstacle to rule of law (in Turkey). "Our public does not want justice, they just want their own affairs sorted out. They want to see corruption investigated but they are not ashamed to manage their own affairs corruptly. The public actually doesn't care about corruption. They say "let someone tackle it while we watch and see who wins" as if it were a football match. He then went to blame the professional bodies for not exposing corruption among their members.[2]
  • The Islamic world will get nowhere by blaming all its problems on the outside world and making itself out to be a white spoon just pulled out of the milk[3]
  • (Upon the release from prison of Leyla Zana..)The Turkish courts have played their part. Now the EU has no excuse (not to begin entry negotiations with Turkey)
  • Article 138 of the Constitution has become extinct in this country (the article that guarantees the independence of the judiciary)[4]


  1. ^ Ali Aslan Kılıç (4 July 2011). "Çiçek elected as new parliament speaker in third round of voting". Today's Zaman. Ankara. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  2. ^ Newspaper Radikal Archived 1 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine (in Turkish)
  3. ^ Newspaper Zaman, 28 November 2003 Archived 21 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine (in Turkish)
  4. ^ Parliament Speaker: Independence of judiciary done away with. Today's Zaman. 3 January 2014. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
Political offices
Preceded by
Hakkı Borataş
Mayor of Yozgat
1 January 1984 – 1 January 1988
Succeeded by
Mustafa Erkılıç
Preceded by
Bülent Akarcalı
Acting Minister of Health
26 June 1988 – 6 July 1988
Succeeded by
Nihat Kitapçı
Preceded by
Aysel Çelikel
Minister of Justice
18 November 2002 – 8 May 2007
Succeeded by
Preceded by Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
28 August 2007 – 28 June 2011
Succeeded by
Preceded by Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
4 July 2011 – 8 June 2015
Succeeded by