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Cemetery of the Evergreens

The Cemetery of the Evergreens is a non-denominational cemetery in Brooklyn and Queens, New York, colloquially called Evergreen Cemetery. It was incorporated in 1849, not long after the passage of New York's Rural Cemetery Act spurred development of cemeteries outside Manhattan. For a time, it was the busiest cemetery in New York City; in 1929 there were 4,673 interments. The cemetery borders Brooklyn and Queens and covers 225 acres (0.91 km2) of rolling hills and gently sloping meadows. It features several thousand trees and flowering shrubs in a park-like setting. The Evergreens is the final resting place of more than 526,000 people.[2]

Evergreens Cemetery
Evergreen Cemetery Bbklyn.jpg
Southern (Bushwick Avenue) entrance
Cemetery of the Evergreens is located in New York City
Cemetery of the Evergreens
Cemetery of the Evergreens is located in New York
Cemetery of the Evergreens
Cemetery of the Evergreens is located in the US
Cemetery of the Evergreens
Location 1629 Bushwick Ave., Brooklyn, New York
Coordinates 40°41′2.0″N 73°54′4.3″W / 40.683889°N 73.901194°W / 40.683889; -73.901194Coordinates: 40°41′2.0″N 73°54′4.3″W / 40.683889°N 73.901194°W / 40.683889; -73.901194
Area 225 acres (91 ha)
Built 1849
Architect Vaux, Calvert; etc
NRHP reference # 07001192[1]
Added to NRHP November 15, 2007

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Evergreens was built on the principle of the rural cemetery. Two of the era's most noted landscape architects, Andrew Jackson Downing and Alexander Jackson Davis, were instrumental in the layout of the cemetery grounds.

The Evergreens has a monument to six victims of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire of March 25, 1911 who were unidentified for nearly a century. In 2011, Michael Hirsch, a historian, completed four years of research that identified these victims by name (see Group monument, below).[3][4]

There are also 17 British Commonwealth service personnel buried in the cemetery, 13 from World War I and 4 from World War II.[5]

The cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 15, 2007.[1] Cypress Hills Cemetery lies to its northwest.

Notable burialsEdit

Individual gravesEdit

Group monumentEdit

  • Triangle Shirtwaist fire – the bodies of six victims of the 1911 fire to be identified were buried under a monument of a kneeling woman. They could not be identified after the inferno because they were burned beyond recognition, and had been buried without names. A century after the tragedy, in 2011, they were identified by historian Michael Hirsch as Maria Giuseppa Lauletti, Max Florin, Concetta Prestifilippo, Josephine Cammarata, Dora Evans, and Fannie Rosen.[4][7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Cultural Resource Information System (CRIS)" (Searchable database). New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2016-05-01. [permanent dead link] Note: This includes Kathleen A. Howe (August 2007). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Evergreens Cemetery" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-01.  and Accompanying 26 photographs
  3. ^ Berger, Joseph (February 21, 2011). "100 Years Later, the Roll of the Dead in a Factory Fire Is Complete". New York Times. p. 13. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "The Fire That Changed Everything". The New York Times. February 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  5. ^ [1] CWGC Cemetery Report. Breakdown obtained from casualty record.
  6. ^ Schapiro, Rich; Egan-Chin, Debbie (April 11, 2017). "Hunt for Grave of Heroic Titanic Victim Leads Researcher to Brooklyn Cemetery". New York Daily News. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  7. ^ Berger, Joseph (February 21, 2011). "In Records, Portraits of Lives Cut Short". New York Times. p. A16. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 

Further readingEdit

  • Rousmaniere, John. Green Oasis in Brooklyn: The Evergreens Cemetery 1849–2008. (2008) ISBN 978-0-9786899-4-0

External linksEdit