Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 28.[8] It is about 5 miles east of Florence and 0.5 miles south of U.S. Route 50 highway.

Cedar Point, Kansas
North side of 1875 Cedar Point Mill next to Cottonwood River (2012)
North side of 1875 Cedar Point Mill next to Cottonwood River (2012)
Location within Chase County and Kansas
Location within Chase County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
Coordinates: 38°15′36″N 96°49′11″W / 38.26000°N 96.81972°W / 38.26000; -96.81972Coordinates: 38°15′36″N 96°49′11″W / 38.26000°N 96.81972°W / 38.26000; -96.81972[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyChase
TownshipCottonwood
Founded1862
Incorporated1912 [2]
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
Area
 • Total0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
 • Land0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation1,247 ft (380 m)
Population
 • Total28
 • Estimate 
(2019)[5]
27
 • Density397.06/sq mi (154.40/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66843
Area code620
FIPS code20-11425 [1][6]
GNIS ID477384 [1][7]

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th centuryEdit

 
1893 Railroad Map shows
"Cedar Point" and "Cedar Grove"

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike Expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through Chase County near the current city of Cedar Point.[9]

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Cedar Point.

In 1862, Cedar Point was founded.[10] The first post office in Cedar Point was established in 1862.[11]

In 1867, a log dam was built across the Cottonwood River, and a wooden-frame mill was constructed for sawing lumber. The following year (1868) it was converted to grind flour and named Cedar Point Mill. In 1870, the name was changed to Drinkwater & Schriver Mill. In 1871, construction of the current stone structure was started, then completed in 1875. In 1884, the log dam was replaced by a stone dam.[12]

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a main line east-west and built a nearby station named Cedar Grove in the valley north of Cedar Point.[13] In 1996, it merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".

GeographyEdit

Cedar Point is located at 38°15′39″N 96°49′18″W / 38.260888°N 96.821662°W / 38.260888; -96.821662 (38.260888, -96.821662),[14] in the scenic Flint Hills of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2), all of it land.[15]

Area attractionsEdit

Cedar Point has two listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880113
1920190
1930141−25.8%
1940140−0.7%
1950107−23.6%
196087−18.7%
197073−16.1%
198066−9.6%
199039−40.9%
20005335.9%
201028−47.2%
2019 (est.)27[5]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

Cedar Point is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 28 people, 13 households, and 5 families residing in the city. The population density was 350.0 inhabitants per square mile (135.1/km2). There were 25 housing units at an average density of 312.5 per square mile (120.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White and 3.6% from two or more races.

There were 13 households, of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 61.5% were non-families. 46.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 38.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 3.60.

The median age in the city was 51.5 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 10.7% were from 25 to 44; 32% were from 45 to 64; and 28.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.6% male and 46.4% female.

2000 censusEdit

 
1916 Cottonwood River Pratt Truss Bridge west of Cedar Point (2012)

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 53 people, 22 households, and 13 families residing in the city. The population density was 782.8 people per square mile (292.3/km2). There were 28 housing units at an average density of 413.5 per square mile (154.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.34% White, 1.89% Native American, and 3.77% from two or more races.

There were 22 households, out of which 13.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.6% under the age of 18, 17.0% from 18 to 24, 18.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $40,000 versus $42,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,102. There were no families and 3.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.

GovernmentEdit

The Cedar Point consists of a mayor and three council members. The council meets once a month.[2]

EducationEdit

The community is served by Chase County USD 284 public school district. It has two schools.

Cedar Point schools were closed through school unification. The Cedar Point High School mascot was Cedar Point Bronchos.[19]

MediaEdit

PrintEdit

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

U.S. Route 50 highway and BNSF Railway passes east-west near the city.

UtilitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Cedar Point, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ a b c "City of Cedar Point". The League of Kansas Municipalities. May 26, 2019.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.[dead link]
  9. ^ "1806 Pike Expedition map through Marion County" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2016-01-17.
  10. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. pp. 154.
  11. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  12. ^ Mill History; Drinkwater & Schriver Mill Inc.
  13. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  16. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Cedar Point Mill
  17. ^ Drinkwater & Schriver Flour Mill - Kansas Travel
  18. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Cottonwood River Pratt Truss Bridge
  19. ^ "Cedar Point Wins", The Emporia Gazette, 24 January 1946, p.12.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit