Cauliflory is a botanical term referring to plants that flower and fruit from their main stems or woody trunks, rather than from new growth and shoots.[1] This can allow trees to be pollinated or have their seeds dispersed by animals that climb on trunks and sturdy limbs to feed on the nectar and fruits.[2] Plants may instead have fruit which drop from the canopy and ripen only after they reach the ground, an alternative "strategy" to cauliflory. (Note that the concept of cauliflory includes that of ramiflory.[1])

Flowers growing from the hard and woody horizontal stem of a Syzygium moorei, Australia
Jackfruits growing directly from the trunk

Families, genera and (some) speciesEdit

(list incomplete)

Image galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

{{Reflist|refs= [5][4][11][3][6]

[8][14][10][9][7][12][13]

External linksEdit


  1. ^ a b "PlantNET - NSW Flora Online - Glossary". Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  2. ^ W.P. Armstrong (May 1999). ""The Truth About Cauliflory - Flowers That Bloom On Tree Trunks"". Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Govaerts, R. et al. (2018) "Theobroma cacao L.". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c Govaerts, R. et al. (2018) "Cola Schott & Endl.". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Crescentia cujete". Tropilab. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  6. ^ a b Govaerts, R. et al. (2018) "Cercis siliquastrum L.". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Dysoxylum parasiticum (Osbeck) Kosterm. ". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  8. ^ a b " Dysoxylum spectabile (G.Forst.) Hook.f." NZflora. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Pancovia Willd.". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Pancovia golungensis (Hiern) Exell & Mendonça". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  11. ^ a b Govaerts, R. et al. (2018) "Drypetes Vahl". Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  12. ^ a b "Halleria lucida L.". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved May 17, 2022. (See images)
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gereau, E. R.; Kenfack, D. (2000). "Le genre Uvariopsis(Annonaceae) en Afriquetropicale, avec la description d'une espèce nouvelle du Cameroun" (PDF). Adansonia (in French). 22 (1): 39–43. Retrieved May 17, 2022..
  14. ^ a b Cheek, M. (2014) Cheek, M. (2014). "Uvariopsis submontana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2014: e.T45421A3001680. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T45421A3001680.en. Retrieved May 17, 2022. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T45421A3001680.en.(See images)
  15. ^ Ahmed, QamarUddin; Alhassan, AlhassanMuhammad (2016). "Averrhoa bilimbiLinn.: A review of its ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacology". Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences. 8 (4): 265–271. doi:10.4103/0975-7406.199342. Retrieved May 17, 2022.