The Caudron C.690 was a single-seat training aircraft developed in France in the late 1930s to train fighter pilots to handle high-performance aircraft. It was a conventional low-wing cantilever monoplane that bore a strong resemblance to designer Marcel Riffard's racer designs of the same period. Caudron attempted to attract overseas sales for the aircraft, but this resulted in orders for only two machines - one from Japan, and the other from the USSR. In the meantime, the first of two prototypes was destroyed in a crash that killed René Paulhan, Caudron's chief test pilot.

C.690
Role Fighter trainer
Manufacturer Caudron
Designer Marcel Riffard
First flight 18 February 1936
Number built 19

Despite this, the Armée de l'Air eventually showed interest in the type, and ordered a batch of a slightly refined design. The first of these was not delivered until April 1939, and only 15 C.690Ms were supplied before the outbreak of war.

Variants

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C.690
Single-seat fighter trainer aircraft. Four aircraft built.
C.690M
Slightly refined version for the Armee de l'Air. Only 15 aircraft were built.

Operators

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  France
  Japan
  Soviet Union

Specifications (C.690M)

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Caudron C.690

Data from Les Caudron-Renault d'Entrainement[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 7.96 m (26 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.70 m (25 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 9.0 m2 (97 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 747 kg (1,647 lb)
  • Gross weight: 980 kg (2,161 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 6Q-05 , 160 kW (220 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 370 km/h (230 mph, 200 kn)
  • Stall speed: 85 km/h (53 mph, 46 kn)
  • Range: 1,100 km (680 mi, 590 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 9,700 m (31,800 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.5 m/s (2,070 ft/min)

See also

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Related lists

References

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  1. ^ Mihaly March 1978, p. 22

Bibliography

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  • Cony, Christophe (December 2000). "Un pur-sang d'entraînement pour l'Armée de l'Air: Le Caudron C.690" [A Pure-blooded Trainer for the French Air Force]. Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (93): 19–24. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Cony, Christophe (January 2001). "Un pur-sang d'entraînement pour l'Armée de l'Air: Le Caudron C.690". Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (94): 17–22. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Kotelnikov, V.; Kulikov, V. & Cony, C. (November 2001). "Les avions français en URSS, 1921–1941" [French Aircraft in the USSR, 1921–1941]. Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (104): 37–43. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Mihaly, Edouard (January 1978). "Montures pour apprentis chasseurs... les Caudron-Renault d'entrainment, partie 1" [Mounts for Trainee Fighters... the Caudron-Renault Trainers, Part One]. Le Fana de l'Aviation (in French) (98): 8–13. ISSN 0757-4169.
  • Mihaly, Edouard (February 1978). "Montures pour apprentis chasseurs... les Caudron-Renault d'entrainment, partie 2" [Mounts for Trainee Fighters... the Caudron-Renault Trainers, Part Two]. Le Fana de l'Aviation (in French) (99): 10–13. ISSN 0757-4169.
  • Mihaly, Edouard (March 1978). "Les Caudron-Renault d'entrainment (3)". Le Fanatique de l'Aviation (in French). No. 100. pp. 20–24.

Further reading

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  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 240.
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 891 Sheet 16.