Cattolica (Italian: [katˈtɔːlika]; Romagnol: Catòlga) is a town and comune in the Province of Rimini, Italy, with 16,233 inhabitants as of 2007.[3]

Catòlga (Romagnol)
Comune di Cattolica
The Fountain of Sirens
The Fountain of Sirens
Flag of Cattolica
Coat of arms of Cattolica
Location of Cattolica
Cattolica is located in Italy
Location of Cattolica in Italy
Cattolica is located in Emilia-Romagna
Cattolica (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 43°58′N 12°44′E / 43.967°N 12.733°E / 43.967; 12.733
ProvinceRimini (RN)
 • MayorFranca Foronchi (Partito Democratico)
 • Total5 km2 (2 sq mi)
12 m (39 ft)
 • Total17,228
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0541
Patron saintSt. Pius V
Saint day30 April
WebsiteOfficial website

History edit

Archaeological excavations show that the area was already settled in Roman times.

According to one legend, Cattolica received its name after Gaudentius of Rimini, with seventeen other bishops,[4][5] retreated to the settlement during the closing stages of the Council of Ariminum, before Gaudentius' martyrdom.[4][6] Cattolica rose as a resting place for pilgrims who traveled the Bologna-Ancona-Rome route, on their way to the sanctuary of Loreto or to St. Peter's in Rome. In 1500, it counted more than twenty taverns and inns.

Under the Kingdom of Italy, on 5 December 1895, Cattolica gained municipal autonomy; it was previously a village within the jurisdiction of the municipality of San Giovanni.[7]

Only from the second half of the 19th century did the fishing industry became relevant in the economy of the town.

One of the first notable visitors to Cattolica's beach was Lucien Bonaparte, brother of the French Emperor, who preferred it to noisy Rimini, in 1823. The town became an independent commune in 1896.

After the end of World War I the tourism industry became predominant.

Main sights edit

People edit

International relations edit

Cattolica is twinned with:

Events edit

  • The feast of Stella Maris: fishing vessels and vongolaie leads in the midst of the sea, the statue of the Virgin Mary "Stella Maris", after a religious procession.
  • The Festival of the flowers: since 1950s, Cattolica hosts a show of flower markets with many stalls along the streets of the city.
  • The Pink Night, celebrated in town along the coast from Cattolica to Bellaria. It is a festival which is celebrated in June–July and is quite recent: the opportunity for all the shops, bars and restaurants adorn the premises of pink, with dancing to the beach and dive into the sea at midnight.
  • The Fair of the ancient flavors of land and sea, with local wine tasting acoompagnate animations and concerts.
  • International Mystery Film Festival of Cattolica (known in Italian as Festival internazionale del giallo e del mistero di Cattolica but internationally mostly known by its commonly used abbreviation "MystFest" (it).

References edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "The World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
  4. ^ a b "La Gambalunga racconta: San Gaudenzio patrono di Rimini" [Gambalunga tells: Saint Gaudentius, patron saint of Rimini]. Biblioteca Civica Gambalunga (in Italian). Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  5. ^ Morri, Carlo Ennio (23 January 2002). "San Gaudenzio (Gaudenzo) di Rimini". Santi e Beati (in Italian). Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  6. ^ Cicchetti, Stefano (15 October 2016). "San Gaudenzo, chi era costui?" [San Gaudenzo, who was he?]. Chiamami Città (in Italian). Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  7. ^ Zaghini, Paolo (16 October 2023). "Sulle rive del Conca, confine che unisce" [On the banks of the Conca, a border that unites]. Chiamami Città (in Italian). Retrieved 2 January 2024.

External links edit