Catterick Garrison

Catterick Garrison is a major garrison and military town 3 miles (5 km) south of Richmond, North Yorkshire, England. It is the largest British Army garrison in the world, with a population of around 13,000 in 2017[1] and covering over 2,400 acres (about 10 km2). Under plans announced by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in November 2005, the population of Catterick Garrison was expected to grow to over 25,000 by 2020, making it the largest population centre in the local area.[2][3]

Catterick Garrison
Single Living Accommodation (SLA) at Catterick MOD 45152852.jpg
Single Living Accommodation (SLA) blocks at Catterick.
Tudor Rose.svg
Badge of Catterick Garrison
Catterick Garrison is located in North Yorkshire
Catterick Garrison
Catterick Garrison
Location within North Yorkshire
Population13,000 
OS grid referenceSE180980
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCATTERICK GARRISON
Postcode districtDL9
Dialling code01748
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°22′39″N 1°43′19″W / 54.3774°N 1.7220°W / 54.3774; -1.7220Coordinates: 54°22′39″N 1°43′19″W / 54.3774°N 1.7220°W / 54.3774; -1.7220

HistoryEdit

The siting of the garrison was first recommended by Robert Baden-Powell who founded the Scouting movement in 1908 whilst he, as Inspector-General of Cavalry, was based at the army barracks—at that time located in Richmond Castle.[4] On 12 August 1914, the order was issued for the construction of the camp, following the outbreak of the First World War. The original intention was for Catterick to be a temporary camp to accommodate two complete divisions with around 40,000 men in 2,000 huts.[5]

The base was originally named Richmond Camp but was changed to Catterick Camp in 1915, and later modified to Catterick Garrison in 1973. After serving as a prisoner of war camp at the end of the war, the idea to make Catterick a permanent military barracks was first suggested after the partitioning of Ireland in 1921. The required land was purchased and building plans were put forward in 1923. Construction was undertaken by John Laing & Son,[6] and by the mid-1930s most of the camp's facilities were complete. During the Second World War the camp was once again used to house prisoners of war.[7]

In 2018, to celebrate the centenary of the Armistice and the end of the First World War, four stone monuments, including a steam locomotive and a likeness of Lord Baden Powell, were erected on the town's central roundabout.[8]

GovernanceEdit

The town lies in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, within the Central Richmondshire electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and divided between the Hipswell and Scotton wards of Richmondshire District Council.[9]

The town is divided between two civil parishes, the southern part of the town, south of a small stream known as Leadmill Gill, is in the civil parish of Scotton, the northern part forms the greater part of the civil parish of Hipswell. Each parish has its own parish council.[10]

Catterick Garrison is also within the Richmond (Yorks) parliamentary constituency, which has been represented since 2015 by Conservative Rishi Sunak.[11]

GeographyEdit

Catterick Garrison is located on the A6136 road, connecting Richmond with the A1(M) at Catterick Village, 4.7 miles (7.6 km) to the east. Nearby are the suburban settlements of Scotton 1.6 miles (2.6 km) south and Hipswell 0.7 miles (1.1 km) to the east, as well as Colburn, 1.9 miles (3.1 km) to the east.[12]

Foxglove Covert, a local nature reserve, was the first of its kind in North Yorkshire and the first to be located on Ministry of Defence (MoD) land in the UK. It covers 100 acres of moorland edge, and was opened in 1992. In 2001 it was declared a Site of Local Nature Conservation Importance (SLNCI).[13]

EconomyEdit

Lacking a true town centre, the garrison gained its first large supermarket, a Tesco store, in 2000; along with a retail park known as Richmondshire Walk, which also includes a McDonald's, a Poundstretcher and a Peacocks, among others.[14] In 2013 a £25 million development scheme for a new town centre was unveiled, to be built on a former sports ground, owned by the MoD. The plan included space for retail outlets, a cinema, a 60-bedroom hotel and several dining establishments and bars; creating up to 700 jobs.[15] In 2015, the plans came to fruition when Princes Gate retail complex opened adjacent to Richmondshire Walk, with tenants including a Premier Inn, an Empire cinema, Poundland, Next, and Hungry Horse.[16]

TransportEdit

There is no longer a railway station at the garrison. Catterick Camp railway station was a terminus station on the Eryholme-Richmond branch line until its closure in 1964; the closest mainline railway stations are now at Northallerton and Darlington; they are equidistant, at 15.9 miles (25.6 km) south-east and north-east respectively. Regular bus services to Richmond and Darlington are operated by Arriva North East; the closest airport is Teesside International Airport, 21.3 miles (34.3 km) north-east.[17]

EducationEdit

Primary education is provided by Carnagill Community Primary School, built in 1966,[18] Wavell School,[19] Le Cateau Community Primary School[20] and Cambrai Primary School, a free school opened in 2019 on the complex formerly housing a campus of Darlington College.[21] Pupils then receive secondary education at Risedale Sports and Community College.[22] Alternatively, children may also attend school at Richmond School and Sixth Form College.[23]

ReligionEdit

The town has three existing churches, St. Joan of Arc is a Roman Catholic memorial church built in 1930 and situated within the Diocese of Middlesbrough, but owing to its position is governed by the Bishopric of the Forces.[24] on the same road is St. Aidan's Garrison Church,[25] and The Garrison Memorial Church of St. Martin and St. Oswald.[26]

Garrison CemeteryEdit

Catterick Garrison Cemetery, on the north side of St John's Churchyard in Hipswell, was opened by the War Office in 1930 to serve the camp. Among its graves are those of 42 Commonwealth service personnel of the Second World War and some Polish servicemen.[27]

Previously soldiers from the camp and military hospital were buried in St John's Churchyard, which now contains the war graves of 64 Commonwealth service personnel of the First World War and two of the Second World War.[28]

Community and cultureEdit

SportEdit

The town's football club, Catterick Garrison Football Centre, was founded in 2006, and the senior team play in the Wensleydale Creamery League, an affliate league of the North Riding County Football Association. The Catterick Crusaders rugby league team play in the North East Division of the Rugby League Conference, originally known as the Northallerton Stallions, they adopted their current name after relocation in 2012.[29]

MediaEdit

The town was formerly home to Garrison FM until 2013, when the Ministry of Defence merged Garrison FM's contract with that of overseas forces' station BFBS, who took over local broadcasting for the garrison area. The Catterick Garrison Military WAGS Choir, formed in 2010 was the basis for the BBC programme The Choir: Military Wives and the 2019 film Military Wives (film), which also has scenes filmed in the garrison itself.[30][31]

Leisure facilitiesEdit

Catterick Leisure Centre is a purpose-built complex opposite the retail park, opened in July 2009; it offers a broad spectrum of leisure and fitness facilities including a swimming pool and a gym, as well as an adjoining public library.[32][33]

Catterick Garrison once had one of Yorkshire's largest cinemas, the Ritz Cinema, which opened on 21 December 1940 and had over 1000 seats. It closed on 2 July 1977 after declining usage; today, the site is used as a health and beauty salon.[34] The town would gain a seven screen cinema in 2015 as part of the Princes Gate retail complex.[35]

Public servicesEdit

 
One Mk V 12-inch railway howitzer (foreground) and two Mk III 12-inch railway howitzers at Catterick.

The town's primary healthcare provider is the Harewood Medical general practice managed by South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.[36] The Duchess of Kent Hospital was a military hospital opened on 6 October 1976 and closed its major surgery and hospital wings in 1999, it was still used as a medical facility until 2015, when services were relocated to RAF Leeming.[37][38]

The local ambulances are run by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service, the town is also in the catchment area of the Great North Air Ambulance, North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue provide firefighting services and both North Yorkshire Police and the Royal Military Police have stations located on a shared complex.[39]

BarracksEdit

The garrison consists of many different groups of buildings spread over a wide area and includes a number of barracks, most of which are named after historical British Army battles, many of which took place in Northern France during the First World War. They include:

Lines Place Named after Unit Notes
Wathgill Camp Local geography Operated by the Defence Infrastructure Organisation which also operates and manages the 20,000-acre (81 km2) training area and ranges adjacent to the Garrison. Wathgill Camp and the surrounding training areas are also routinely used by cadets in both the ACF and CCF.
Bourlon Barracks Bourlon Wood, Battle of Cambrai 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East[40]
The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland.[41]
Helles Barracks Cape Helles, Dardanelles ITC Catterick[42]
Marne Barracks Battle of the Marne
5th Regiment Royal Artillery[40]
32 Engineer Regiment[40]
Located at the site of the former RAF Catterick.
Alma Barracks Battle of the Alma The Royal Dragoon Guards[43]
Cambrai Barracks Battle of Cambrai The Royal Lancers[44]
Megiddo Lines Munster Barracks Battle of Megiddo 1 Close Support Battalion REME.[45]
Somme Barracks Battle of the Somme 4th Battalion, The Yorkshire Regiment[46]
Vimy Barracks Battle of Vimy Ridge
Beachhead Lines 150 Provost Company.[47]
Piave Lines Battle of the Piave River

Army 2020 BasingEdit

 
The parade ground at Helles Barracks

Under Army 2020, the list will be modified and the units based at Catterick will be:[48]

HQ School of Infantry, Infantry Training CentreEdit

Catterick is the largest of three Infantry Training Centres (ITCs) in the UK. ITC Catterick conducts infantry training combining Phase 1 and 2 of the Combat Infantryman's Course. Junior soldiers destined for the infantry continue to receive Phase 1 training at the Army Foundation College in Harrogate. ITC Catterick is the major user of the Warcop Training Area.

ITC Catterick is also home to the Army School of Ceremony, where recruits learn to take part in the massed bands of the British Army. In 2016–17, the ASC underwent a massive change, moving from their former school (an old stately home) to a more modern home.

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "CATTERICK GARRISON". City Population. 7 June 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ministry's £1bn plan to upgrade garrison". The Northern Echo. 30 November 2005. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
  3. ^ "D&S column: making sure facilities match Catterick Garrison's future growth". Rishi Sunak. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Catterick Garrison – About Us". British Army. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Catterick Garrison's Early History". Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  6. ^ Ritchie, p. 57
  7. ^ "Every prisoner of war camp in the UK mapped and listed". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  8. ^ "History made with unveiling of Catterick Garrison war memorial". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  9. ^ Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  10. ^ "Hipswell Parish Council". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  11. ^ Puri, Anjali (10 August 2015). "UK Cabinet member Rishi Sunak on being British, Indian & Hindu at same time". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Hello and Welcome". The Churches of Hipswell Parish. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
  13. ^ "Foxglove Covert". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Supermarket opens to military fanfare". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Catterick Town Centre Plans". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  16. ^ "£25m Catterick shopping complex nearing completion". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Airport's £1.3m revamp approved". BBC News. bbc.co.uk. 6 December 2006. Retrieved 10 March 2007.
  18. ^ "Carnagill School". Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  19. ^ "Wavell School". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  20. ^ "Le Cateau School". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  21. ^ Willis, Joe (26 November 2018). "New Catterick Garrison primary school holds open event". Richmondshire Today. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Admission arrangements for the Northallerton area". Secondary school admissions. North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  23. ^ "Richmond School and Sixth Form College". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  24. ^ "St. Joan of Arc, Catterick Garrison". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  25. ^ "St. Aidan's register". National Archives.
  26. ^ GENUKI. "Genuki: St. Martin and St. Oswald's Garrison Memorial Church, Catterick Garrison, Yorkshire (North Riding)". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  27. ^ CWGC Cemetery Report Catterick Garrison Cemetery.
  28. ^ CWGC Cemetery Report Hipswell Churchyard.
  29. ^ "Catterick Crusaders raising money for Rhinos Challenge tour kit". 2 November 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  30. ^ "D&S column: congratulations to the Catterick Military WAGS Choir". Rishi Sunak. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Military Wives". Screen Yorkshire. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Catterick Leisure Centre". Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  33. ^ "Catterick Library". Archived from the original on 16 August 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  34. ^ "Ritz Cinema". Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  35. ^ "Excitement as new seven-screen cinema opens". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  36. ^ NHS. "Overview - Harewood Medical Practice - NHS". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  37. ^ "Memorandum submitted to the Defence Committee by the Ministry of Defence responding to the Committee's Questions on the Defence Medical Services". Hansard. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  38. ^ "Health services to be relocated after MoD moves to close Catterick Garrison hospital". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  39. ^ "Colburn Fire Station". Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  40. ^ a b c "£60m improvements to Marne and Bourlon barracks planned". Richmondshire Today. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Royal Regiment of Scotland". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  42. ^ "Gurkha Company Infantry Training Centre Catterick". Charity Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  43. ^ "Royal Dragoon Guards". British Army. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  44. ^ "Royal Lancers". British Army. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  45. ^ "1 Close Support Battalion REME". Near You. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  46. ^ "Yorkshire Regiment". British Army. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  47. ^ "150 Provost Company". British Army Units 1945 On. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  48. ^ "Army 2010 Report" (PDF). Ministry of Defence.

BibliographyEdit

  • Cole, Howard N. (1972). The Story of Catterick Camp 1915–1972. Headquarters Catterick Garrison.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ritchie, Berry (1997). The Good Builder: The John Laing Story. James & James.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit