Open main menu

Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin (German: Katharina von Brandenburg-Küstrin) (10 August 1549 – 30 September 1602) was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.

Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin.jpg
Born(1549-08-10)10 August 1549
Küstrin, Germany
Died30 September 1602(1602-09-30) (aged 53)
Cölln, Germany
Noble familyHohenzollern
Spouse(s)Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
FatherJohn, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin
MotherCatherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin

LifeEdit

Catherine was the younger of two daughters of John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1513–1571) from his marriage to Catherine (1518–1574), daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

On 8 January 1570, she married Joachim of Brandenburg, later Elector Joachim III Frederick of Brandenburg (1546–1608) in Küstrin. Due to the marriage, her husband no longer had a legitimate claim on the position of bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Magdeburg[1] and Pope Pius V put in a request to Emperor Maximilian for his dismissal.[2]

Catherine tried to improve the fate of the poor and the needy. She built a dairy in Wedding and sold its produce on the Molkenmarkt ("Milk Market"), a square in Berlin. She used the proceeds to finance a pharmacy in the Stadtschloss that provided medicine free of charge to those in need.[3]

Catherine died on 30 September 1602. On 13 October, she was buried in the Hohenzollern crypt (now part of the Berliner Dom).

DescendantsEdit

From her marriage with Joachim Frederick, Catherine had the following children:

married in 1594 Priness Anna of Prussia (1576–1625)
married King Christian IV of Denmark (1577–1648)
married Eva Christina of Württemberg (1590 - 1657), daughter of Friedrich I of Württemberg and Sibylla of Anhalt
  • August Frederick (16 February 1580 – 23 April 1601)
  • Albert Frederick (29 April 1582 – 3 December 1600)
  • Joachim (13 April 1583 – 10 June 1600)
  • Ernest (13 April 1583 – 18 September 1613)
  • Barbara Sophie (16 November 1584 – 13 February 1636)
married in 1609 Duke John Frederick of Württemberg (1582–1628)
  • Daughter (1585 – 1586)
  • Christian William (28 August 1587 – 1 January 1665) Archbishop and later Administrator of Magdeburg
married firstly, in 1615, Princess Dorothea of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1596–1643)
married secondly, in 1650, Countess Barbara Eusebia of Martinice (d. 1656)
married thirdly, in 1657, Countess Maximiliane of Salm-Neuburg (1608–1663)

References and sourcesEdit

  • Dieter Brozat (1985), Der Berliner Dom und die Hohenzollerngruft, Berlin: Haude und Spener, ISBN 3-7759-0271-6
  • Ernst Daniel Martin Kirchner: Die Kurfürstinnen und Königinnen auf dem Throne der Hohenzollern, part 2: Die letzten acht Kurfürstinnen, Berlin, 1867, p. 68-106.
  • Ludwig Hahn: Geschichte des preussischen Vaterlandes, W. Hertz, 1858, p. 132
  • Adolf Müller: Preußens Ehrenspiegel, Gebauer, 1851, p. 65

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Cornelius Hantscher: Die preußische Frage – Personalunion Brandenburg-Preußen, GRIN Verlag, 2007, p. 14
  2. ^ Historisch-Politische Blätter für das Katholische Deutschland, vol. 35, 1855, p. 137 (Digitized)
  3. ^ K. W. Kutschbach: Chronik der Stadt Küstrin, Enslin, 1849, p. 118

External linksEdit

Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Born: 10 August 1549 Died: 30 September 1602
German nobility
Preceded by
Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
Electress of Brandenburg
8 January 1598 – 30 September 1602
Vacant
Title next held by
Eleanor of Prussia