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- 17th century in the area of present-day Haiti — located in the western region of Hispaniola island in the Caribbean.
- Then called the Colony of Santo Domingo or the Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (1493−1795) in the Spanish West Indies. French settlements began in the western region of the Spanish colony in 1625.
- With the 1697 Franco-Spanish Treaty of Ryswick, western Hispaniola officially became Saint-Domingue (1697−1804), a colony of the French empire.
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