Catarman, Northern Samar

Catarman, officially the Municipality of Catarman, (Waray: Bungto han Catarman; Tagalog: Bayan ng Catarman), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Northern Samar, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 97,879 people. [3]

Catarman
Municipality of Catarman
Aerial view of Catarman
Aerial view of Catarman
Official seal of Catarman
Map of Northern Samar with Catarman highlighted
Map of Northern Samar with Catarman highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Catarman is located in Philippines
Catarman
Catarman
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°27′N 124°39′E / 12.45°N 124.65°E / 12.45; 124.65Coordinates: 12°27′N 124°39′E / 12.45°N 124.65°E / 12.45; 124.65
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas
ProvinceNorthern Samar
District 1st district
Barangays55 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorFrancisco C. Rosales Jr.
 • Vice MayorClarissa Rowena C. Bonsol
 • RepresentativePaul R. Daza
 • Councilors
List
 • Electorate57,056 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total464.43 km2 (179.32 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Highest elevation
142 m (466 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total97,879
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Households
18,490
Demonym(s)Catarmanon
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence30.27% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱458,309,659.38 (2020)
 • Assets₱962,031,188.68 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱422,231,532.05 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityNorthern Samar Electric Cooperative (NORSAMELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Zip Code
6400
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)55
Native languagesWaray
Tagalog
Websitewww.catarman-nsamar.gov.ph

It is the largest municipality in terms of land area and population in the province. It is the commercial, educational, financial, political and government center of the province.

HistoryEdit

 
Catarman Municipal Hall

Before the coming of the Spaniards, Catarman (Calatman) or (Cataruman) was a settlement by the mouth of the river of the same name in the region called Ibabao. The Spanish Conquistadores freely applied the name Ibabao to the northern part of Samar island when it established its civil government. The similarities in the vocabularies and pronunciation of the dialects of these areas traces them to a common root as a people.

The town was one of the 13 villages and settlements and adopted as pueblos by the Spaniards in Samar Island and was one of the settlements in the northern parts of the island. The pueblo was named Calatman and was one of the pueblos in the Visayan islands, then collectively referred to as Islas de Pintados.

In 1974, Catarman was made the center of the episcopal see of the then newly established Roman Catholic Diocese of Catarman comprising the Northern Samar province, with the Our Lady of the Annunciation Parish Church as the designated cathedral.[5]

CityhoodEdit

In 2003, its application for cityhood was deterred after officials of the neighboring of towns Bobon and Mondragon opposed the planned Catarman City conglomeration, which was necessary to meet the criteria for the approval of its bid for cityhood. Another bill was filed converting the Municipality of Catarman into a component city of Northern Samar but is still pending with the Committee on Local Government in the House of Representatives since July 2010. The rise of establishments and banking institutions has swiftly came and filled the spaces of Catarman that paved the way for it to become competitive.

GeographyEdit

Catarman lies on the northern part of Samar Island, bounded to the east by Mondragon, to the west by Bobon, to the south by Lope de Vega, and to the north by the Philippine Sea.

On the Pacific coast are flat lowlands with the interior characterized by outlying low hills. Mount Puyao in Barangay Liberty is the highest peak in the area. The Catarman River, a major provincial river, divides the eastern and the western parts of the town. It is fed by the Paticua, Hibulwangan, Mahangna, Tura, and Danao creeks together with lesser prominent estuaries.

BarangaysEdit

The Municipality of Catarman is politically subdivided into 55 barangays, 17 of them in the poblacion.

  • Acacia (pob.)
  • Aguinaldo
  • Airport Village (pob.)
  • Bangkerohan
  • Baybay (pob.)
  • Bocsol
  • Cabayhan
  • Cag-abaca
  • Cal-igang
  • Calachuchi (pob.)
  • Casoy (pob.)
  • Cawayan
  • Cervantes
  • Cularima
  • Daganas
  • Dalakit (pob.)
  • Doña Pulqueria
  • Galutan
  • Gebalagnan
  • Gibulwangan
  • Guba
  • Hinatad
  • Imelda
  • Ipil-ipil (pob.)
  • Jose Abad Santos (pob.)
  • Jose P. Rizal (pob.)
  • Lapu-lapu (pob.)
  • Liberty
  • Libjo
  • Mabini
  • Mabolo (pob.)
  • Macagtas
  • Malvar
  • McKinley
  • Molave (pob.)
  • Narra (pob.)
  • New Rizal
  • Old Rizal
  • Paticua
  • Polangi
  • Quezon
  • Salvacion
  • Sampaguita (pob.)
  • San Julian
  • San Pascual
  • Santol (pob.)
  • Somoge
  • Talisay (pob.)
  • Tinowaran
  • Trangue
  • UEP Zone I
  • UEP Zone II
  • UEP Zone III
  • Washington
  • Yakal (pob.)

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Catarman, Northern Samar (1981–2010, extremes 1949–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
35.4
(95.7)
37.2
(99.0)
37.7
(99.9)
38.0
(100.4)
36.7
(98.1)
37.1
(98.8)
37.5
(99.5)
35.5
(95.9)
36.0
(96.8)
34.3
(93.7)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
32.1
(89.8)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
31.7
(89.1)
30.6
(87.1)
29.6
(85.3)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79.0)
26.6
(79.9)
27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.1
(82.6)
28.5
(83.3)
28.1
(82.6)
27.6
(81.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.3
(79.3)
27.4
(81.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.2
(63.0)
17.6
(63.7)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.8
(69.4)
20.6
(69.1)
19.4
(66.9)
19.9
(67.8)
17.8
(64.0)
18.2
(64.8)
16.9
(62.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 456.7
(17.98)
291.9
(11.49)
234.3
(9.22)
143.9
(5.67)
145.2
(5.72)
195.3
(7.69)
208.2
(8.20)
173.6
(6.83)
210.5
(8.29)
338.4
(13.32)
529.7
(20.85)
628.2
(24.73)
3,556
(140.00)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 23 18 16 13 13 15 16 13 15 20 24 26 212
Average relative humidity (%) 88 86 85 84 83 83 85 82 84 86 88 88 85
Source: PAGASA[6][7]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Catarman
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,994—    
1918 13,278+1.91%
1939 21,007+2.21%
1948 33,153+5.20%
1960 39,434+1.46%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 44,438+1.20%
1975 53,267+3.70%
1980 59,021+2.07%
1990 50,965−1.46%
1995 61,705+3.65%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 67,671+2.00%
2007 81,067+2.52%
2010 84,833+1.67%
2015 94,037+1.98%
2020 97,879+0.79%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[8][9][10][11]

EconomyEdit


TransportationEdit

 
Catarman National Airport Terminal

There is only one airline operating through the Catarman National Airport (IATA: CRM) coming from and going to Manila: PAL Express. Flights are frequently booked out well in advance and a one way ticket from Manila costs between PhP3,000 and PhP8,000 unless booked well in advance. Pedicabs, commonly known as "padyak" and tricycles are the means of transportation within the town, while multicabs, jeepneys, and vans are the means of transportation to neighboring and distant towns within the province. Several vans and buses companies are also operating from the town going to Manila or Tacloban city and vice versa.

EducationEdit

Catarman is home to the University of Eastern Philippines, the first state university in the visayas and the largest university by student population and curriculum in Eastern Visayas. The University has satellite campuses in the province, one in Laoang and the other in Catubig (officially known the Pedro Rebadulla Memorial Campus), and has several extension programs offered across satellite campuses in the region.

Catarman is also an abode to the top performing schools in the region which already have a name in the National Level.

Other public and private schools (but not limited to):

Elementary:

  • Catarman Chinese Chamber Elementary School
  • Catarman I Central School
  • Catarman II Central School
  • Catarman III Central School
  • Baybay Elementary School
  • Catarman SpEd Center
  • Cawayan Integrated School
  • Colegio de San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila (Elementary)
  • Northern Samar Colleges (Elementary)
  • University of Eastern Philippines Laboratory Elementary School

High school:

Tertiary/College/Vocational:

Notable personalitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Catarman | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Cathedral of Our Lady of the Annunciation Catarman, NORTHERN SAMAR, EASTERN VISAYAS, Philippines". GCatholic. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  6. ^ "Catarman, Northern Samar Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Catarman, Northern Samar Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  8. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Northern Samar". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  19. ^ Grant, Frederick D. (1902). Annual Reports of the War Department for the Fiscal year June 30 1902 | Volume IX. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 419.
  20. ^ Sugbo, Victor, ed. (1995). Tinipigan: An Anthology of Waray Literature. Manila, Philippines: National Commission for Culture and the Arts. p. 272. OCLC 645852700. Retrieved 27 September 2019.

External linksEdit