Catalan myths and legends
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Among the figures of Catalan mythology are:
- Aloja - In Catalan mythology an Aloja, also known as Dona d'aigua, Goja or Paitida, is a feminine being that lives in places with fresh water. This "water-woman" can turn into water blackbirds.
- Banyoles monster
- Catalan mythology about witches - Catalan tradition distinguished between bruixeria ("witchcraft") based on an explicit compact with the Devil, and fetilleria (deriving from a word related to "fetish", and Old Portuguese feitiço), magic worked through charms and fetishes. The former was considered inherently evil, while the latter might include the working of magical cures. In Catalan popular culture, there are a large number of legends about witches. In the popular imagination, a witch is a woman who, by means of a pact with the Devil, has acquired supernatural power, which she uses for her own benefit and for evil purposes.
- Comte Arnau
- Comte Estruch
- Dip - In Catalan myth, Dip is an evil, black, hairy dog, an emissary of the Devil, who sucks people's blood.
- Dona d'aigua - (See Aloja)
- Drac (a dragon, generally male)
- Víbria (specifically female)
- Goja - (See Aloja)
- Fada - Hada
- Home del sac (man of the sack)
- Home dels nassos (man of the noses)
- El Moro Musa
- Paitida - (See Aloja)
- Peix Nicolau - Peje Nicolao
- Peix Nicolau
- Tió de Nadal
- The Three Wise Men or Tres Reis Mags d'Orient
- Vella Quaresma
In Catalonia those characters that are invoked to induce fear in children for practical purposes, for example to avoid speaking to strangers or leaving home alone are called Espantamainades (Espantachiquillos). At the anthropological level, sometimes they are manifestations of the fears of the unknown and inexplicable in nature. Some are local representations related to those figures also existing in other cultures, such as witches, Goblin and the bogeyman. Others are purely local variations, such as Marraco the peasant and the dips.