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List of cat breeds

  (Redirected from Cat breeding)

The following list of cats breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.

As of 2019, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 71 standardized breeds,[1] the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 44,[2] and Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 43.[3]

Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in TICA and CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds;[4] the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.

The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe mongrel cats of a general type, by coat length, that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.

Breeds
Breed Country Origin Body Type Coat Length Pattern Images
Abyssinian Ethiopia Natural Oriental Short Ticked
Abyssinian
Aegean Greece Natural Semi-long Bicolored or tricolored
Aegean
American Curl United States Mutation Short/long All
American Curl
American Bobtail United States Mutation Short/long All
American Bobtail
American Shorthair United States Natural Short All but colorpoint
American Shorthair
American Wirehair United States Mutation Rex All but colorpoint
American Wirehair
Aphrodite Giant Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All but cinammon and chocolate
Aphrodite Giant
Arabian Mau Arabian Peninsula Natural Short
Arabian Mau
Australian Mist Australia Crossbreed: Abyssinian and Burmese Moderate Short Spotted or tabby
Australian Mist
Asian Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Asia) Short Evenly solid
Asian
Asian Semi-longhair United Kingdom Crossbreed: Burmese and long-haired cats Semi-long Evenly solid
Asian Semi-longhair
Balinese Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Thailand) Oriental Long Colorpoint
Balinese
Bambino United States Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf Hairless or downy
Bengal Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Asia) Hybrid: Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Short Spotted, marbled, or rosetted
Bengal
Birman Developed in France (foundation stock from Burma, etc.) Crossbreed: original Birman (near extinction) with Persian and Siamese Semi-long Colorpoint with white feet
Birman
Bombay Developed in the United States (some foundation stock from Burma and Thailand) Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Burmese Moderate Short Solid black
Bombay
Brazilian Shorthair Brazil Natural Short All
Brazilian Shorthair
British Semi-longhair United Kingdom Cobby Medium All
British Semi-longhair
British Shorthair United Kingdom Natural Cobby Short All
British Shorthair
British Longhair United Kingdom Cobby Long All
British Longhair
Burmese Burma Natural Short Solid
Burmese
Burmilla United Kingdom Crossbreed: Burmese and Chinchilla Persian Short/long Solid, in Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns
Burmilla
California Spangled United States Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair Short Spotted
California Spangled
Chantilly-Tiffany United States Solid, ticked, spotted and blotched tabby
Chantilly-Tiffany
Chartreux France Natural Cobby Short Solid blue
Chartreux
Chausie France Hybrid: Abyssinian× jungle cat (Felis chaus) Short Ticked
Chausie
Colorpoint Shorthair
(for Colorpoint Longhair, see Javanese below)
Short Colorpoint
Colorpoint Shorthair
Cornish Rex United Kingdom (England) Mutation Rex All
Cornish Rex
Cymric or
Manx Longhair;
Longhaired Manx[a]
United Kingdom (Isle of Man), and Canada Mutation, from original Manx Long All but colorpoint
Cymric
Cyprus Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All but colorpoint and mink
Cyprus
Devon Rex United Kingdom (England) Mutation Oriental Rex All
Devon Rex
Donskoy or
Don Sphynx
Russia Hairless
Donskoy or Don Sphynx
Dragon Li or
Chinese Li Hua
China Natural Short Striped tabby
Dragon Li or Chinese Li Hua
Dwelf Crossbreed: American Curl, Munchkin and Sphinx Dwarf Hairless
Dwelf
Egyptian Mau Egypt Natural Short Spotted
Egyptian Mau
European Shorthair Finland and Sweden Natural Short All but chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, fawn, amber, ticked, or colorpoint
European Shorthair
Exotic Shorthair United States Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Persian Cobby Short All
Exotic Shorthair
Foldex[5] Canada Crossbreed: Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold Cobby Short All
Foldex
German Rex East Germany Mutation Rex All
German Rex
Havana Brown United Kingdom Crossbreed: Siamese and black short-haired cats Short Solid brown
Havana Brown
Highlander United States Crossbreed/hybrid: Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl Moderate Short/long All
Highlander
Himalayan or
Colorpoint Persian[b]
United States and United Kingdom Crossbreed: Persian and Siamese Cobby Long Colorpoint
Himalayan or Colorpoint Persian
Japanese Bobtail Japan Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long All but colorpoint and ticked
Japanese Bobtail
Javanese or
Colorpoint Longhair[c]
Developed in the United States and Canada (foundation stock from Southeast Asia) Crossbreed: Balinese, with some Colorpoint Shorthair, Oriental Longhair and Siamese Oriental Long Colorpoint
Javanese or Colorpoint Longhair
Karelian Bobtail Western Russia Natural, mutation
Khao Manee Thailand Natural Short Solid white
Khao Manee
Korat Thailand Natural Short Solid blue
Korat
Korean Bobtail Korea Natural, mutation Short/long Colorprint
Korn Ja Thailand Natural Short/hairless Solid
Kurilian Bobtail or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
Eastern Russia and Japan Natural, mutation Semi-cobby Short/long All but colorpoint
Kurilian Bobtail or Kuril Islands Bobtail
LaPerm United States Mutation Moderate Rex All
LaPerm
Lykoi United States Mutation Partly hairless Ticked
Lykoi
Maine Coon United States Natural Large Long All but colorpoint and ticked
Maine Coon
Manx United Kingdom (Isle of Man) Natural, mutation Short/long All but colorpoint
Manx
Mekong Bobtail Russia Mutation Short Colorpoint
Mekong Bobtail
Minskin United States Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf; semi-cobby Short/hairless All
Minskin
Munchkin United States Mutation Dwarf Short/long All
Munchkin
Nebelung United States Semi-long Solid blue
Nebelung
Napoleon Short/long Varied
Norwegian Forest Cat Norway Natural Long Traditional, sepia, or mink
Norwegian Forest Cat
Ocicat United States Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese Short Spotted
Ocicat
Ojos Azules United States All
Oregon Rex United States Mutation Rex
Oriental Bicolor Developed in the United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Oriental Bicolor
Oriental Bicolor
Oriental Shorthair[d] Developed in the United States and later the United Kingdom; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Crossbreed: European Shorthair and Siamese Oriental Short All but colorpoint
Oriental Shorthair
Oriental Longhair[d] or
Foreign Longhair;
Mandarin;
British Angora (obsolete)
Developed in the United Kingdom and United States; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Oriental Semi-long All but colorpoint
Persian (modern) Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Greater Iran) Mutation, from the traditional Persian Cobby Long All
Persian, modern
Persian (traditional) Greater Iran Natural, but some crossing with Turkish Angora Cobby Long All
Traditional Persian
Peterbald Russia Crossbreed: Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese; early: Balinese and Javanese Oriental Hairless/flocked, velour, brush, or straight coat All
Peterbald
Pixie-bob United States Mutation (falsely claimed to be a bobcat hybrid early on) Short Spotted
Pixie-bob
Raas Indonesia Natural Short
Ragamuffin, or
Liebling (obsolete)
United States Crossbreed: Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to Himalayan, Persian, other long-haired cats Cobby Long All
Ragamuffin
Ragdoll United States Mutation (behavioral) in a crossbreed, presumed Persian or Turkish Angora and Birman or Burmese Cobby Long Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor
Ragdoll
Russian Blue Russia Natural Short Solid blue
Russian Blue
Russian White, Black, and Tabby Developed in Australia (foundation stock from Russia) Crossbreeds: Russian Blue and short-haired cats from Siberia (Russia) Short Solid white, solid black and tabby
Sam Sawet Thailand Natural Short Solid
Savannah United States Hybrid: Domestic cat × serval (Leptailurus serval)[6] Large Short Spotted
Savannah
Scottish Fold United Kingdom (Scotland) Mutation Cobby Short/long All
Lilac-coated Scottish Fold
Selkirk Rex United States Mutation, crossbreed: American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair Rex (Short/long) All
Selkirk Rex
Serengeti United States Crossbreed/hybrid: Bengal and Oriental Shorthair Short Spotted
Serengeti
Serrade Petit France Natural Short
Serrade petit
Siamese (modern)
(for traditional, see Thai below)
Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Thailand) Mutation, from traditional Siamese (now known as Thai) Oriental Short Colorpoint
Siamese
Siberian or
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
Russia Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long All
Siberian
Singapura United States Crossbreed: Burmese and Abyssinian Short Ticked
Singapura
Snowshoe United States Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Siamese Short Colorpoint with white feet
Snowshoe
Sokoke Kenya Natural Short Ticked tabby
Sokoke
Somali Somalia Mutation Long Ticked
Somali
Sphynx Canada Mutation Oriental Hairless All
Sphynx
Suphalak Thailand Natural Short Solid
Suphalak
Thai or
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
Wichien Maat[e]
Thailand Natural Moderate Short Colorpoint
Thai
Thai Lilac Thailand Natural Short Solid lilac
Thai Lilac
Tonkinese Canada Crossbreed: Burmese and Siamese Short Colorpoint, mink, or solid
Tonkinese
Toyger United States Crossbreed/hybrid: Bengal and short-haired cats Moderate Short Striped
Toyger
Turkish Angora Turkey Natural Semi-long All but colorpoint
Turkish Angora
Turkish Van Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Turkey) Natural Semi-long Van pattern
Turkish Van
Ukrainian Levkoy Ukraine Hairless
Ukrainian Levkoy
Wila Krungthep Thailand Natural Short Solid
York Chocolate United States (New York) Natural Long Solid brown
York Chocolate

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g., as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF)
  2. ^ Some registries, such as the CFA and the TICA, may classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others may make it a long-haired subbreed of the Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colourpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colorpoint
  3. ^ "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). The WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colourpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In the CFA, the TICA and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has merged back into the Balinese as a division
  4. ^ a b In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions
  5. ^ Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese
  1. ^ The International Cat Association - TICA Breed Standards
  2. ^ Cat Fanciers' Association - CFA Breed Standards
  3. ^ Fédération InternationFéline - FIFe Breed Standards
  4. ^ Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646. There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asian for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
  5. ^ "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
  6. ^ http://f3savannahcat.com/

External linksEdit