Castlereagh Street

Castlereagh Street is a 1.6-kilometre-long (0.99 mi)[1] major street located in the Sydney central business district in New South Wales, Australia. The street runs in a north-to-south, in a one way direction only.

Castlereagh Street

Castlereagh Street, Sydney.jpg
Castlereagh Street looking north
A map of the Sydney CBD showing Castlereagh Street
Castlereagh Street is located in Sydney
Northern end
Northern end
Southern end
Southern end
Coordinates
General information
TypeStreet
LocationSydney
Length1.6 km (1.0 mi)[1]
Major junctions
Northern endBligh Street
Sydney CBD
 
Southern endHay Street
Haymarket, Sydney
Location(s)
LGA(s)City of Sydney
Major suburbsSydney CBD

DescriptionEdit

Castlereagh Street's northern terminus is at the junction of Hunter Street, with its southern terminus at the junction with Hay Street, near Belmore Park.[2] The street is one-way southbound to motorised traffic, with a bicycle path running in both directions from Liverpool Street to Hay Street.[3]

At its northern end near Martin Place, the street is lined by many of Sydney's most expensive boutiques and jewellery stores,[4] such as Chanel, Gucci, Cartier, Bvlgari, Dior, Prada, Van Cleef & Arpels, Ermenegildo Zegna, Omega and Mont Blanc.

EtymologyEdit

Previously Chapel Row and Camden Street, Castlereagh Street was named by Governor Macquarie in 1810 in honour of Viscount Castlereagh, the Secretary of State for the Colonies. At the time the street included what is now known as Loftus Street, named as Castlereagh Street North, until 1881, and what is now known as Chalmers Street, prior to the establishment of Belmore Park, until 1905.[5][6]

HistoryEdit

Castlereagh Street once contained the Australia Hotel, whose foundation stone was laid by Sir Henry Parkes, and the Theatre Royal. Both of these buildings were demolished during the 1970s.

The Circular Quay to Central station line was an important part of the Sydney tram network. It was an extremely busy service for passengers transferring from suburban trains, particularly prior to the opening of the City Circle underground railway line in 1926. Trams operated in a loop from Central station, running north along Pitt Street to Circular Quay returning south via Castlereagh Street. These tracks were also used by some eastern and south-western routes during busy periods. The line closed on 27 September 1957 with four tram services replaced with buses and three others diverted to operate via Elizabeth Street.[7][8] The line made use of the sandstone viaduct onto the colonnade above Eddy Avenue at Central station, which since 1997 has formed part of the Inner West Light Rail.

Having previously operated as a one-way street in a northerly direction, in February 1987 Castlereagh Street was changed to operate in a southerly direction.[9][10][11] In 1997, a bus lane was introduced between Hunter and Bathurst Streets.[12]

Significant heritage buildings located on Castlreagh Street include, from north to south:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Google (3 February 2015). "Route north to south" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  2. ^ Gregory's 2002 Street Directory, 66th Edition
  3. ^ "NSW Government rips up bike lane deal". Sydney: Castlereagh Street. Bicycle Network. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  4. ^ Where Magazine. Sydney. February 2011. p. 48.
  5. ^ "What's in a name?". Sydney Streets. City of Sydney. 2003. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  6. ^ "History of Sydney Streets" (MS Excel (for download)). Sydney Streets. City of Sydney. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  7. ^ New Details of Sunday's CHange-over to Buses in Sydney Sydney Morning Herald 27 September 1957 page 4
  8. ^ Buses Replace Trams in Two Sydney Streets Truck & Bus Transportation November 1957 page 46
  9. ^ Changes to City Plan Effective February 8, 1987 Daily Telegraph 27 January 1987 page 15
  10. ^ Work starts on new park street The Sun-Herald 8 February 1987 page 23
  11. ^ Pitt Street mall Transit Australia May 1987 page 90
  12. ^ Central City Bus Priority Scheme Australian Bus Panorama issue 13/1 August 1997 page 33
  13. ^ "Trust Building". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Metropolitan Fire Brigade Building Including Interior and Central Yard". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  15. ^ "City of Sydney Fire Station - Brigade Headquarters". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 23 June 2000. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Sydney Downing Centre". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 31 January 2002. Retrieved 13 January 2017.