Castlereagh Street

Castlereagh Street is a 1.6-kilometre-long (0.99 mi)[1] major street located in the central business district of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia. The street runs in a north-to-south, in a one way direction only.

Castlereagh Street

Castlereagh Street, Sydney.jpg
Castlereagh Street, Sydney, looking north
A map of the Sydney CBD showing Castlereagh Street
Castlereagh Street is located in Sydney
Northern end
Northern end
Southern end
Southern end
Coordinates
General information
TypeStreet
LocationSydney
Length1.6 km (1.0 mi)[1]
Major junctions
Northern endHunter Street
Southern endHay Street
Location(s)
LGA(s)City of Sydney
Major suburbsSydney CBD

DescriptionEdit

Castlereagh Street's northern terminus is at the junction of Hunter Street, with its southern terminus at the junction with Hay Street, near Belmore Park.[2] The street is one-way southbound to motorised traffic, with a bicycle path running in both directions from Hay Street to Liverpool Street.[3]

At its northern end near Martin Place, the street is lined by many of Sydney's most expensive boutiques and jewellery stores,[4] such as Chanel, Gucci, Cartier, Bvlgari, Dior, Prada, Van Cleef & Arpels, Ermenegildo Zegna, Omega and Mont Blanc.

EtymologyEdit

Previously Chapel Row and Camden Street, Castlereagh Street was named by Governor Macquarie in 1810 in honour of Viscount Castlereagh, the Secretary of State for the Colonies. At the time the street included what is now known as Loftus Street, named as Castlereagh Street North, until 1881, and what is now known as Chalmers Street, prior to the establishment of Belmore Park, until 1905.[5][6]

HistoryEdit

Castlereagh Street once contained the Australia Hotel, whose foundation stone was laid by Sir Henry Parkes, and the Theatre Royal. Both of these buildings were demolished during the 1970s.

A single-line electric tramway formerly ran northbound up Castlereagh Street (in a loop paired with Pitt Street), between Central station and Circular Quay. It was closed in the late 1950s when trams were eliminated as a form of transport in Sydney. The street is now used by buses as well as general traffic.

Significant heritage buildings located on Castlreagh Street include, from north to south:

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b Google (3 February 2015). "Route north to south" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  2. ^ Gregory's 2002 Street Directory, 66th Edition
  3. ^ "NSW Government rips up bike lane deal". Sydney: Castlereagh Street. Bicycle Network. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  4. ^ Where Magazine. Sydney. February 2011. p. 48.
  5. ^ "What's in a name?". Sydney Streets. City of Sydney. 2003. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  6. ^ "History of Sydney Streets" (MS Excel (for download)). Sydney Streets. City of Sydney. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Trust Building". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Metropolitan Fire Brigade Building Including Interior and Central Yard". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  9. ^ "City of Sydney Fire Station - Brigade Headquarters". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 23 June 2000. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Sydney Downing Centre". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 31 January 2002. Retrieved 13 January 2017.