In angling, casting is the act of the angler throwing the bait and hook (or a lure) out over the water, typically by slinging a fishing line manipulated by a long, elastic fishing rod. The term itself may also be used for setting out a net.
|Highest governing body||International Casting Sport Federation|
|First contested||England and United States, late 19th century|
|Country or region||Worldwide|
|World Games||1981, 1985, 1993 – 2005|
The usual technique is to quickly flick/swing the rod forward towards the water and use the whipping motion of the rod tip to sling the line and hurl out the hook. There are several techniques anglers use to attempt to cast further, the most prominent of which is the shifting of body weight towards the front foot in correlation to the forward movement of the rod. That combined with stopping the rod swing at 45 degrees and using the correctly weighted terminal tackles will help anglers cast further.
Casting techniques vary with the type of fishing involved.
Fly fishermen use artificial flies as a lure and use lighter rods and lines. They develop much finesse casting the flies, using motions of the hand and arm, so the flies land with great accuracy into or onto the water and mimic the behaviour of real flies.
Salt water anglers usually use heavier rods and lines They often use lures and bait which are heavier than flies. Heavier again are the rods and lines used in surfcasting. Specialized, two-handed casting techniques are used to cast the lure or bait the added distances required in many cases to reach feeding inshore fish. In these casts the entire body, rather than just the arms, are utilized to deliver the cast, which may travel many hundreds of feet.
Casting as a sportEdit
Casting (known as Casting Sport) is also a sport adjunct to fishing, much as shooting is to hunting. The sport is supervised by the International Casting Sport Federation (ICSF) which was founded in 1955 and as of April 2014 has member associations in 31 countries.
The ICSF sponsors tournaments and recognizes world records for accuracy and distance. This sport uses plastic weights or hookless flies, and can be held on water or on athletic fields. There are competitive divisions for almost all types of fly, fixed spool and revolving spool tackle, and competitor classes. It has been included in the World Games (see photo) and has been considered for the Olympics.
The American Casting Association held its 100th Annual Casting Championships in 2008 at the Golden Gate Angling & Casting Club.
- C. Boyd Pfeiffer (1999). Fly Fishing Saltwater Basics: Saltwater Basics. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-2763-7.
- "How to cast further: the ultimate guide". Carp Fishing Hub. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Castingsport - International Casting Sport Federation".
- "Members – Contacts List". International Casting Sport Federation. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "CASTING SPORT". International World Games Association. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.