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The Castillo de San Julián, also known as Saint Julian's Fort, is a fort in Cartagena, Spain. It was built between the 18th and 19th centuries, incorporating a tower which had been built by the British in 1706. The fort remains intact today, but it is in a rather dilapidated state.

Castillo de San Julián
Cartagena, Spain
Castillo de San Julián.jpg
View of the Castillo de San Julián
Coordinates37°34′53.63″N 0°57′57.3″W / 37.5815639°N 0.965917°W / 37.5815639; -0.965917
TypeFort
Site information
Controlled byTelefónica
ConditionIntact but dilapidated
Site history
Built1706 (tower)
18th century–1883 (fort)
Built byKingdom of Great Britain (tower)
Kingdom of Spain (fort)

HistoryEdit

The Castillo de San Julián is located on and takes its name from the Monte de San Julián. In 1706, the British captured Cartagena during the War of the Spanish Succession, and they built a cylindrical tower on the hill. Following the end of the war, the Spanish began to build a fort on the hill in order to protect the mouth of Cartagena's harbour. The new fort incorporated the British tower,[1] and construction took a very long time, being completed in 1883.[2]

The fort was used as a military prison during the Spanish Civil War.[3]

Today, the fort is still intact but it is in a rather dilapidated state. It is listed on the Bien de Interés Cultural, and is currently owned by Telefónica,[4] who have installed a number of antennas within the fort.[1] The city administration is attempting to acquire and restore the fort.[5]

LayoutEdit

The Castillo de San Julián is essentially a bastioned fort, but it also contains tenailles and caponiers, which are typical of polygonal forts. It is built in neoclassical architecture.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Castillo de San Julián". Aforca (in Spanish). December 2004. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Castillo de San Julián". Ayuntamiento de Cartagena (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 October 2015.
  3. ^ Núñez, Ubaldo (10 July 2007). "Castillo de San Julián". Fortalezas de Cartagena .com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 October 2015.
  4. ^ López, Antonio (6 April 2012). "El patrimonio olvidado pide auxilio". La Verdad (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  5. ^ Guimaraens Igual, Guillermo (2008). "Historical and Architectural Study of a Late Bastioned Fort: Saint Julian's Fort in Cartagena" (PDF). irp.webs.upv.es. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2015.