Casse Emiliano Romagnole

Gruppo Bancario Casse Emiliano Romagnole (CAER) was an Italian holding company and banking group, based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna. The main company of the group was Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna (Carisbo).

CAER
Native name
Gruppo Bancario Casse Emiliano Romagnole S.p.A.
Typeprivate Società per Azioni
IndustryFinancial services
Founded1992
Defunct2000
SuccessorCardine Banca
HeadquartersPalazzo di Residenza della Carisbo,
Bologna
,
Italy
Owners
Carisbo Foundation(72.27%)
Unipol Assicurazioni(04.55%)
C.R. Carpi Foundation(01.03%)
other shareholders(22.15%)
ParentCarisbo Foundation
Subsidiaries

HistoryEdit

Due to Legge Amato, all saving bank (Italian: Cassa di Risparmio) of Italy had to transform into a company limited by shares and a banking foundation. The foundation of Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna (Fondazione Carisbo), formed Casse Emiliano Romagnole (CAER) as their sub-holding company for their own bank (81.08%),[1] as well as participated in the ownership of the saving bank of Carpi (20%),[2] Cento (20%),[3] Faenza (1.51% + 29.96% through Carisbo),[4] Imola (20%),[5] Lugo[6] and Piacenza e Vigevano.[7] CR Lugo was merged with Banca Monte Lugo to form Cassa di Risparmio e Banca del Monte Lugo in August 1992 (which CAER owned 1.32% + 37.4% through Carisbo).[8] Its owner, Fondazione Banca Monte Lugo, was invited to become a shareholders of CAER.[9] In 1993 CR Piacenza was merged with CR Parma to form CR Parma e Piacenza, which its successor was withdrew from the bank group.[10] Additionally, CAER through Carisbo, hold a minority interests in CR Mirandola, CR Ferrara, Credito Romagnolo, Banco S.Geminiano e S.Prospero, and controlling interests in BIMER Banca (ex-Mediocredito Emilia–Romagna) as at 31 December 1993.[10] That year the bank foundation of Carisbo was the major shareholders of the holding, for 93.2%, followed by CR Carpi (2.28%), CR Imola (1.79%), CR Cento (1.61%), CR Lugo (0.55%), BMCR Faenza (0.41%) and Banca Monte Lugo (0.16%).[10] In 1995 CRBM Lugo and CR Faenza merged to form Banca di Romagna, which CAER through direct and indirect ownership, owned 36% shares of the bank.[11]

In 1994 Credito Romagnolo offered to the public to acquire all the shares of CAER by giving the new shares of Credito Romagnolo.[12] However, the bid was not accepted. Credito Romagnolo became part of Credito Italiano in 1995.

Alliance with Unipol AssicurazioniEdit

In 1995 Unipol Assicurazioni became the new minority shareholders, which acquired 3.64% shares from Fondazione Carisbo. In turn, CAER acquired 9.80% shares of Unipol's parent company, Finsoe, as well as increased the ownership in Banca dell'Economia Cooperativa (from 12% through Carisbo only in 1993 to 19.99% through direct and indirect ownership from 1995–97). Moreover, through Carisbo's subsidiary Fincaer, the group acquired a minority interests in UniSalute (9.9%), Noricum Assicurazioni (34%) in 1995[11] and Linear Assicurazioni (20%) in 1996. However, CAER did not participated in the capital increases of Unipol Banca in January 1999, as well as selling their shares in UniSalute and Linear Assicurazioni to Unipol in 2001, as Cardine Banca. The shares of Finsoe and in the bank was also disposed in the same year.

Expansion and withdrewEdit

In 1996 CAER acquired 35.2% shares of Banca Agricola di Gorizia.[13][14] In 1997, the minority interests of CR Cento (19.35%) and CR Imola (17.48%) were sold back to their bank foundation.[15] The foundations also withdrew as a shareholders of CAER. Foundation Carisbo also acquired the shares from the foundations of Faenza, Lugo and Carpi as well CAER issues new shares to Unipol. After the deals CAER only owned by Foundation Caribso (91.56%), Foundation CR Carpi (1.37%), Foundation CRBM Lugo (0.46%) and Unipol (6.61%) in January 1998. In 1997 through Carisbo (47.08%) and direct ownership 5%, Banca Popolare dell'Adriatico was acquired (52.08%), but Banca di Romagna was sold.[16]

In the wake of mergerEdit

In 1999 CAER issued new shares for the minority owners of Caribso, which the company became a wholly owned subsidiary of CAER. After the deal Foundation Carisbo owned 72.27% shares, Foundation CR Carpi owned 1.03%, Unipol owned 4.55% and the rest were owned by private citizens; Foundation CRBM Lugo also sold their shares.

As at 31 December 1999, CAER was the direct holding company :

On 1 February 2000 CAER merged with Casse Venete Banca to form Cardine Banca.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Cassa di risparmio in Bologna". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 21 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Cassa di risparmio di Carpi". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 24 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Cassa di risparmio di Cento". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 24 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Banca del Monte e Cassa di risparmio Faenza". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 24 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Cassa di risparmio di Imola". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 22 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Cassa di risparmio di Lugo". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 22 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Cassa di risparmio di Piacenza e Vigevano". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 24 January 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Approvazione del progetto di ristrutturazione presentato dalla Banca del Monte di Lugo e dalla Fondazione Cassa di risparmio di Lugo". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 24 August 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  9. ^ "GRUPPO BANCARIO CASSE EMILIANO ROMAGNOLE". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 4 August 1992. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  10. ^ a b c Gruppo Bancario Casse Emiliano Romagnole S.p.A. bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 31 December 1993, PDF purchased from Italian C.C.I.A.A. (in Italian)
  11. ^ a b Gruppo Bancario Casse Emiliano Romagnole S.p.A. bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 31 December 1995, PDF purchased from Italian C.C.I.A.A. (in Italian)
  12. ^ "GRUPPO BANCARIO CREDITO ROMAGNOLO - S.p.a." Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 16 November 1994. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  13. ^ Gruppo Bancario Casse Emiliano Romagnole S.p.A. bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 31 December 1996, PDF purchased from Italian C.C.I.A.A. (in Italian)
  14. ^ "GRUPPO BANCARIO CASSE EMILIANO ROMAGNOLE-CAER/BANCA AGRICOLA DI GORIZIA" (PDF) (in Italian). Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato. 22 May 1996. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  15. ^ "GRUPPO BANCARIO CASSE EMILIANO ROMAGNOLE - S.p.a. in sigla - CAER". Gazzetta Ufficiale (in Italian). 30 June 1997. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  16. ^ Gruppo Bancario Casse Emiliano Romagnole S.p.A. bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 31 December 1997, PDF purchased from Italian C.C.I.A.A. (in Italian)