Carriageworks

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Carriageworks is a multi-arts urban cultural precinct located at the former Eveleigh Railway Workshops in Redfern, Sydney, Australia. Carriageworks showcases contemporary art and performing arts, as well as being used for filming, festivals, fairs and commercial exhibitions. The largest such venue in Australia, it is a cultural facility of the NSW Government, and receives support from Create NSW and the Australian Government through the Australia Council for the Arts. The centre has commissioned new work by Australian and international artists, and has been home to eight theatre, dance and film companies, including Performance Space, Sydney Chamber Opera and Moogahlin Performing Arts, and a weekly farmers' market has operated there for many years.

Carriageworks
Toby Burrows.jpg
Carriageworks' Public Space
Carriageworks is located in Sydney
Carriageworks
Location within Sydney
Established2007; 14 years ago (2007)
LocationRedfern, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates33°53′39″S 151°11′30″E / 33.8942°S 151.1916°E / -33.8942; 151.1916Coordinates: 33°53′39″S 151°11′30″E / 33.8942°S 151.1916°E / -33.8942; 151.1916
TypeContemporary multi-arts including visual arts, dance, performance, music, film, food and design
Visitors1,000,000 (2016)
Websitecarriageworks.com.au

On 4 May 2020 Carriageworks Ltd, the company that operates the venue, declared it would be entering voluntary administration and closing, citing an “irreparable loss of income” due to government bans on events during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the consequent negative impact on the arts sector. Carriageworks successfully emerged from voluntary administration and reopened its doors to the public in August 2020.

HistoryEdit

The 51-hectare (130-acre) Eveleigh Rail Complex Yards were built on the site between 1880 and 1889, including the heritage-listed Eveleigh Railway Workshops,[1] and the decommissioned Eveleigh Carriage Workshops site, part of which is occupied by Carriageworks. The rail yards contain the history of Australia's major rail network.[citation needed] Train carriages for Sydney's expanding rail network were built and maintained within the building and included the Royal Carriages constructed specifically for the Governor General of Australia and visiting Royalty, the first electric carriage, and the first air-conditioned train in Australia. From 1973 productivity at the site declined due to its inefficient older buildings, restrictive union practices and increased privatization of carriage construction and the site was closed in 1988.[citation needed]

 
Ryoji Ikeda, test pattern [no.5], 2013, audiovisual installation at Carriageworks. Commissioned and presented by Carriageworks and ISEA2013 in collaboration with Vivid Sydney

In June 2002, the NSW Ministry for the Arts completed the purchase of the Carriage and Blacksmith Workshops at the Eveleigh Rail Yards site. Soon after, a construction project on the site commenced under the name of Carriageworks. Adaptive reuse of the workshop site began in 2003 with the housing of numerous contemporary arts practitioners, and Carriageworks was officially opened in 2007.[2] In 2008 the Australian Institute of Architects awarded Tonkin Zulaikha Greer with the AIA Architecture Award for the adaptive reuse of CarriageWorks, and the AIA Greenway Award for the heritage work.[3]

In August 2013, the Carriageworks cultural precinct doubled in size, adding 5,000 square metres (54,000 sq ft) to its existing premises in Redfern. Major programs presented at Carriageworks in 2013 included Ryoji Ikeda's Test pattern (No 5) presented in association with Vivid Sydney 2013; FBi Radio's 10th birthday; and Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Australia.[citation needed]

 
Christian Boltanski, Chance (detail), 2014, Carriageworks, Sydney

In 2014 Carriageworks presented Christian Boltanski’s Chance; Ganesh Versus The Third Reich by Back to Back Theatre; Tehching Hsieh’s Time Clock Piece.[4]

In 2015 exhibitions included Sydney Buddha by Zhang Huan, 24 Frames Per Second an exhibition of 24 screen-based works of 18 Australian and 6 international artists, Siamani Samoa by Michel Tuffery and the Royal Samoan Police Band, Ryoji Ikeda with Superposition, and Xavier Le Roy's Self Unfinished presented by Carriageworks and Kaldor Public Art Projects.[citation needed]

On 4 May 2020, the company operating the venue, Carriageworks Ltd,[5] declared it would be entering voluntary administration and closing, citing an "irreparable loss of income" due to government bans on events during the COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent negative impact on the arts sector.[6] Having appointed KPMG as voluntary administrators, the Carriageworks management and stakeholders began working together to explore possibilities for its future.[7] Carriageworks was the first major arts venue in the country to collapse during the pandemic.[8] The Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance called for an urgent rescue by the state government.[9]

Carriageworks successfully emerged from voluntary administration and reopened its doors to the public in August 2020.[citation needed]

Description and fundingEdit

Carriageworks is Australia's largest contemporary multi-arts centre. It has been supported by the New South Wales Government, receiving funding through Create NSW,[5] and also federal government through the Australia Council.[9]

Its vision is "to be recognised as a multi-arts urban cultural precinct that engages and inspires Sydney’s culturally diverse communities", and to that end has presented a varied, multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural program for many years which has attracted over 400,000 visitors[5] and up to a million visitors per year.[7] Carriageworks has commissioned Australian and international artists "to make monumental new work that intersects with contemporary ideas" and it has striven to reflect the diversity of the community in its exhibits and performances.[10]

The venue is managed by Carriageworks Ltd, which also manages Bays 22-24 (additional spaces available for hire).[5] Carriageworks is a short-term tenant, with the property owned by the NSW government.[8]

FundingEdit

Between 2012 and 2018, Carriageworks only made a profit in one year. In 2018, the centre obtained A$3.8 million in government grants, with the rest of its A$7.8 million of income from sources such as donations and bequests and sales of goods and services. This model works when times are good, but not in times of crisis. Federal funds via the Australia Council have been falling steadily since 2013–4, especially that directed to individual companies and artists. While Carriageworks was listed in the April 2020 four-year funding round, the cap of A$500,000 means there is not nearly enough to maintain a "world-class, heritage-listed venue" as well as provide an ambitious program of commissions. Create NSW has been spending much more on arts buildings than programming in recent years, and the NSW Government did not swiftly announce and deliver bail-out support for the arts during the COVID-19 crisis, as did the South Australian, Victorian and New South Wales governments.

The NationalEdit

The National is a series of biennial survey exhibitions featuring contemporary artists, run as a partnership between the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Carriageworks and the Museum of Contemporary Art Australia (MCA) and held across the three venues. The inaugural edition was held in 2017.[11][12]

Artists and resident companiesEdit

 
Brook Andrew, Travelling Colony 2012 installation view at Carriageworks, Sydney 2012
 
Song Dong, Waste Not (detail), 2013, Installation at Carriageworks, Sydney. Exhibition presented with 4A Centre for Contemporary Asian Art in association with Sydney Festival. Courtesy of the artist & Tokyo Gallery + BTAP.

Many renowned Australian artists, including Tony Albert, Nell, JD Reforma and Wrong Solo (Agatha Gothe-Snape & Brian Fuata), have worked in Carriageworks’ studio spaces.[6]

A number of resident organisations, all working within the contemporary arts sector, used the space: Contemporary Asian Australian Performance, Erth, Sydney Chamber Opera, Force Majeure, Performance Space, Moogahlin, Felix Media, and Marrugeku.[13]

ErthEdit

Erth have been producing visual theatre since the 1990,[14] including puppetry-based productions and community projects. The company is inspired by natural history, Indigenous Australian folklore, sociology and urban mythology. They have produced long-running shows such as Erth’s Dinosaur Zoo and Erth’s Prehistoric Aquarium, as well as new shows. The Liminal Hour and Winter Camp at Barangaroo for were commissioned for Vivid Sydney in 2018 and 2019.[15]

Felix MediaEdit

Felix Media is an independent film company set up by film producers John Maynard and Bridget Ikin.[16] Works include Coral, a work for the fulldome screen, by Lynette Wallworth; three multi-screen works Citizen's Band, The Calling, and In the ear of the tyrant by Angelica Mesiti; and the trilogy of adaptations by William Yang, Friends of Dorothy, My generation, and Bloodlinks.[17]

Force MajeureEdit

Established in 2002 by artistic director Kate Champion and now led by Danielle Micich, Force Majeure produces dance theatre works, a combination of dance and storytelling. Apart from producing new works, the company trains and mentors both established artists and the next generation through their INCITE program.[18]

Moogahlin Performing ArtsEdit

Moogahlin Performing Arts is an Aboriginal theatre company formed in Redfern, Sydney in 2007,[19][20] by a group of Aboriginal performing artists and community workers to honour the late Kevin Smith's request and in memory of the founding members of the Black Theatre.[21] The company was incorporated in 2009, hosted by the Redfern Community Centre and Gadigal Information Service becoming a resident company of Carriageworks.[22] Moogahlin works closely with emerging and established Aboriginal theatre practitioners and communities.[23]

Performance SpaceEdit

Performance Space is an organisation for the development and presentation of interdisciplinary arts and experimental theatre, established in 1983.[24]

Sydney Chamber OperaEdit

Established in 2010 by artistic director Louis Garrick and music director Jack Symonds, the Sydney Chamber Opera is noted for innovative programming, musical rigour and focus on theatre-making.[25]

MarrugekuEdit

Marrugeku is led by co-artistic directors, choreographer/dancer Dalisa Pigram and director/dramaturg Rachael Swain, who have worked together for 23 years. The company has Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians working together to create new dance dance performances, working from both Broome Western Australia, and Carriageworks.[26]

Contemporary Asian Australian PerformanceEdit

Contemporary Asian Australian Performance (CAAP), led by Annette Shun Wah, produces cross-artform Asian Australian theatrical works.[27][28]

Carriageworks Farmers MarketEdit

Carriageworks Farmers Market, is a weekly farmers' market for over seventy regular stallholders featuring seasonal fresh produce including organic, biodynamic foods from farmers and food producers across rural and regional New South Wales. It has operated at the venue since 28 February 2009.[citation needed] The permanent market site is housed in the custom-renovated blacksmith's workshop. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the market was attracting about 5,000 visitors each weekend.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Eveleigh Railway Workshops". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  2. ^ Boland, Michaela (8 May 2020). "Coronavirus impact sees Sydney's Carriageworks close as insiders tip COVID-19 to hit more venues". ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Eveleigh Railway Workshops". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01140. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  4. ^ Sydney, City. 'Carriageworks 2014 | What's On - City Of Sydney'. Whatson.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au. N.p., 2014. Web. 9 Feb. 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "Carriageworks". Create NSW. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b Boseley, Matilda; Convery, Stephanie (5 May 2020). "Carriageworks goes into voluntary administration citing 'irreparable loss of income' due to coronavirus". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Pengilley, Victoria (4 May 2020). "Carriageworks calls in administrators amid coronavirus pandemic". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  8. ^ a b Boland, Michaela (9 May 2020). "Coronavirus impact sees Sydney's Carriageworks close as insiders tip COVID-19 to hit more venues". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  9. ^ a b Wake, Caroline (7 May 2020). "Carriageworks was in trouble before coronavirus - but this crisis could be an opportunity". The Conversation. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  10. ^ "About". Carriageworks. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  11. ^ "The National 2021: New Australian Art". The National. 5 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  12. ^ "About". The National. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  13. ^ "About". Carriageworks. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Erth". Carriageworks. 1 June 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  15. ^ "About us". Erth Visual & Physical Inc. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  16. ^ "About us". Felix Media. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Home". Felix Media. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Force Majeure". Carriageworks. 14 April 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Moogahlin Performing Arts". AusStage. 4 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Moogahlin Performing Arts". Carriageworks. 10 November 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  21. ^ Redfernoralhistory.org,. 'Redfern Oral History: Moogahlin Performing Arts'. N.p., 2015. Web. 9 Feb. 2015.
  22. ^ "About Us". Moogahlin Performing Arts. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Redfern Oral History: Moogahlin Performing Arts". Redfern Oral History. 10 May 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  24. ^ Low, Lenny Ann (19 November 2013). "Performance Space to celebrate 30th birthday in customary style". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  25. ^ McCallum, Peter (9 February 2015). "Classical And Opera In 2014: Robertson Settles In As Operatic Highlights Come From Companies Big And Tiny Kj". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  26. ^ "Marrugeku". Carriageworks. 1 June 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  27. ^ "Contemporary Asian Australian Performance". Carriageworks. 4 July 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  28. ^ "About Us". Contemporary Asian Australian Performance (CAAP). Retrieved 11 May 2020.

External linksEdit