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Carpi, Emilia-Romagna

Carpi ([ˈkarpi]; Emilian: Chèrp) is an Italian town and comune of about 71,000 inhabitants in the province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna.[4] It is a busy centre for industrial and craft activities and for cultural and commercial exchanges.

Carpi
Città di Carpi
Carpi Cathedral or Duomo
Coat of arms of Carpi
Coat of arms
Carpi within the Province of Modena
Carpi within the Province of Modena
Location of Carpi
Carpi is located in Italy
Carpi
Carpi
Location of Carpi in Italy
Carpi is located in Emilia-Romagna
Carpi
Carpi
Carpi (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 44°47′N 10°53′E / 44.783°N 10.883°E / 44.783; 10.883Coordinates: 44°47′N 10°53′E / 44.783°N 10.883°E / 44.783; 10.883
CountryItaly
RegionEmilia-Romagna
ProvinceModena (MO)
FrazioniBudrione, Cantone di Gargallo, Cibeno Pile, Cortile, Fossoli, Gargallo, Lama di Quartirolo, Migliarina, Osteriola, San Marino, San Martino Secchia, Santa Croce[1]
Government
 • MayorAlberto Bellelli (Centrosinistra)
Area
 • Total131.54 km2 (50.79 sq mi)
Elevation
28 m (92 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[4]
 • Total71,148
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Carpigiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
41012
Dialing code059
Patron saintSan Bernardino da Siena
Saint day20 May
WebsiteOfficial website
The town hall, housed by "Palazzo dei Pio".

HistoryEdit

The name "Carpi" is derived from carpinus betulus, a hornbeam tree particularly widespread in medieval times in the Po valley region. In Prehistoric times it was a settlement of the Villanovan Culture.

The foundation by the Lombard king Aistulf of St. Mary's church in the castle (Castrum Carpi) in 752 was the first step in the current settlement of the city. From 1319 to 1525 it was ruled by the Pio family, after whom it was acquired by the Este, as part of the Duchy of Modena.

The city received a Silver Medal for Military Valour in recognition of its participation in the resistance against the German occupation during World War II.

The town has one of the largest squares in all Italy (3rd place), the heart of the city, Piazza dei Martiri. It is surrounded by the castle, the catedral, the town hall and a 52 arches long portico. Every Thursday and Saturday the square hosts the local market.

Carpi used to be the finishing point of the annual Italian Marathon, which begins in nearby Maranello. Almost 1000 athletes enter the senior men's and women's race which has been held every year since 1988 in honor of Dorando Pietri, a long distance runner born in Carpi that lost his Olympic Gold Medal for being helped to stand up after a fall near the finish line. [1] The area was crippled in the earthquakes of May 2012.

TitleEdit

As a titular Duke of Modena, the current holder of the title of "Prince of Carpi" would be Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este.

GeographyEdit

Located in the northern area of its province, at the borders with the one Reggio Emilia, Carpi borders with the municipalities of Campogalliano, Cavezzo, Correggio (RE), Fabbrico (RE), Modena, Novi di Modena, Rio Saliceto (RE), Rolo (RE), San Prospero and Soliera.[5]

It counts the hamlets (frazioni) of Budrione, Cantone di Gargallo, Cibeno Pile, Cortile, Fossoli, Gargallo, Lama di Quartirolo, Migliarina, Osteriola, San Marino, San Martino Secchia and Santa Croce.[1]

DemographicsEdit

 

Main sightsEdit

Carpi is distinguished by its great Renaissance square (piazza), called Piazza Martiri https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g670816-d4380076-Reviews-Piazza_dei_Martiri-Carpi_Province_of_Modena_Emilia_Romagna.html the largest in the region.[6] It is flanked by a portico with 52 columns.

Other notable landmarks include:

SportsEdit

The biggest football team in Carpi is Carpi FC 1909 who play in the 4,144 capacity Stadio Sandro Cabassi. Carpi FC 1909 played in Serie B during the 2013-14 season, achieving a 12th-place finish ensuring second tier football remained in the town for another season. On April 28, 2015, the club clinched promotion to Serie A for the first time in its history. On 2016 the born in Carpi world champion swimmer Gregorio Paltrinieri won Gold Medal on 1 500 free style at Brazil Olympics.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b (in Italian) Municipal statute of Carpi
  2. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b (in Italian) All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  5. ^ 43534 (x a j h) Carpi on OpenStreetMap
  6. ^ Image Archived September 6, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Parsons, "Between Typology and Geometry, Designs by Baldassarre Peruzzi for Carpi Cathedral," Romisches Jahrbuch der Biblioteca Hertziana (Hirmer Verlag, Munich, 2005), band 35, pp. 287-326.

External linksEdit