Caroline, New York

Caroline is a town in Tompkins County, New York, United States. The population was 3,282 at the 2010 census.

Caroline, New York
Town of Caroline Town Hall.jpg
Caroline, New York is located in New York
Caroline, New York
Caroline, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°21′55″N 76°20′37″W / 42.36528°N 76.34361°W / 42.36528; -76.34361Coordinates: 42°21′55″N 76°20′37″W / 42.36528°N 76.34361°W / 42.36528; -76.34361
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
 • SupervisorMark Witmer (D)
 • CouncilmemberJohn Fracchia (D)
 • CouncilmemberGary Reinbolt (D)
 • CouncilmemberCal Snow (I)
 • CouncilmemberIrene Weiser (D)
 • Total54.89 sq mi (142.17 km2)
 • Land54.76 sq mi (141.84 km2)
 • Water0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
1,644 ft (501 m)
 • Total3,282
 • Estimate 
 • Density63.56/sq mi (24.54/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code36-12606
GNIS feature ID0978795
WebsiteTown website

The Town of Caroline is on the county's southeast border and is southeast of Ithaca, New York.


The areas was first settled around 1794 while the region was still part of Tioga County. Caroline was part of the Watkins and Flint Purchase (1791).

The Town of Caroline was formed from the Town of Spencer (now in Tioga County) in 1811.

Charles R. Gleason (1830-1907), Wisconsin politician and businessman, was born in Caroline.[3]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.1 square miles (143 km2), of which, 55.0 square miles (142 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.

The east and south town lines are the border of Tioga County, New York.

New York State Route 79 crosses the town.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2016 (est.)3,481[2]6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,910 people, 1,161 households, and 758 families residing in the town. The population density was 52.9 people per square mile (20.4/km2). There were 1,254 housing units at an average density of 22.8 per square mile (8.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.85% White, 3.09% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.37% of the population.

There were 1,161 households, out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,315, and the median income for a family was $51,983. Males had a median income of $35,375 versus $26,587 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,531. About 6.9% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over. The majority of the residents of the Caroline area commute to the Ithaca area.

The Town of Caroline is served by 4 school districts Ithaca (city), New York, Dryden (village), New York, Newark Valley (village), New York and Candor (village), New York. Caroline Elementary School serves the northern and central portions of the town. Brooktondale Baptist School, sponsored by Brooktondale Baptist Church, closed around 2002, although the parish community continues.

Communities and locations in CarolineEdit


Students in the Town of Caroline are dispersed into several school districts: Dryden, Ithaca, Candor, and Newark Valley. A school located within the town is the Caroline Elementary School of the Ithaca City School District.


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ 'Legislative Manual of Wisconsin 1870,' Biographical Sketch of Charles R. Gleason, pg. 361
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.

External linksEdit