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Carol Bellamy (born January 14, 1942) is the Chair of the Board of the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund (GCERF). Previously, she was Director of the Peace Corps, Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and President and CEO of World Learning. She is also the Chair of children’s rights advocacy organization ECPAT International, working to end the sexual exploitation of children. After three terms in the New York State Senate, she was the first woman to be elected to any citywide office in NYC as President of the New York City Council, a position she held until her unsuccessful bid for Mayor of New York in 1985; she was the second to last person to hold this position.

Carol Bellamy
CarolBellamy.jpg
Executive Director of UNICEF
In office
May 1, 1995 – May 1, 2005
Secretary GeneralBoutros Boutros-Ghali
Kofi Annan
Preceded byRichard Jolly (Acting)
Succeeded byAnn Veneman
13th Director of the Peace Corps
In office
October 7, 1993 – May 1, 1995
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byElaine Chao
Succeeded byMark Gearan
President of the New York City Council
In office
January 1, 1978 – December 31, 1985
Preceded byPaul O'Dwyer
Succeeded byAndrew Stein
Member of the
New York State Senate
In office
January 1, 1973 – December 31, 1977
Preceded byJohn J. Marchi
Succeeded byMartin Connor
Constituency23rd district (1973–74)
25th district (1975–77)
Personal details
Born (1942-01-14) January 14, 1942 (age 77)
Plainfield, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationGettysburg College (BA)
New York University (JD)

Early life and educationEdit

Bellamy was born in Plainfield, New Jersey in 1942,[1] and raised in Scotch Plains, where she graduated from Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School in 1959.[2][3] She attended Gettysburg College,[1] where she was a member of Delta Gamma, and graduated in 1963. She earned her J.D. degree from New York University School of Law in 1968. She was a Peace Corps volunteer in Guatemala from 1963 to 1965.

Business careerEdit

Bellamy was a managing director at the now defunct Bear Stearns from 1990 to 1993, a Principal at Morgan Stanley from 1986 to 1990, and an associate in the New York law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore from 1968 to 1971. In 1968, she was to be one of the subjects of Jean-Luc Godard's film One A.M. (later released as One P.M. by D. A. Pennebaker) where she described her philosophy of using business to accomplish social change. Her speech was then satirized by Rip Torn wearing a US Civil War uniform in front of a Brooklyn middle school class.

Political careerEdit

New York State SenateEdit

Bellamy was a member of the New York State Senate from 1973 to 1977, sitting in the 180th, 181st and 182nd New York State Legislatures.

New York City CouncilEdit

She mounted an uphill campaign for President of the New York City Council and, despite her initially low public profile, she managed to eclipse her main Democratic rivals, construction magnate Abe Hirschfeld and City Councilman Carter Burden.[1] In the process, she earned the editorial support of the city's three major newspapers.[1] While her opponents spent hundreds of thousands of dollars in their campaigns, Bellamy carried on with barely $50,000 in funds, and won the Democratic primary in September, 1977.[1] In the general election in November, she defeated Republican Paul O'Dwyer to become the first woman to be elected as President of the City Council. She held this position until her unsuccessful bid for Mayor of New York in 1985.

Other positionsEdit

Bellamy was a member of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Board until she resigned from the board at the behest of Governor Mario Cuomo in 1985.[4] In 1982 she considered running for Governor of New York. In 1990 she was an unsuccessful candidate for New York State Comptroller. She served on the New York State Board of Regents, which oversees all state education activities and the state Department of Education, from 2005 to 2006.

Peace CorpsEdit

From 1993 to 1995, Bellamy was the director of the Peace Corps. Appointed by then US President Bill Clinton, she was the first director to have been volunteer.[citation needed]

GCERFEdit

As of 2014 Carol Bellamy is the Chair of the Governing Board of the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund which is the first global effort to support local, community-level initiatives aimed at strengthening resilience against violent extremist agendas, for example through job creation and empowering women and youth. As a public-private partnership operating in the fields of security and development, the fund works with governments, civil society, and the private sector in beneficiary countries to support national strategies to address the local drivers of violent extremism.

UNICEFEdit

From 1995 to 2005, Bellamy completed ten years as Executive Director of UNICEF. She was appointed to that position in 1995 by Boutros Boutros-Ghali, then the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Bellamy was granted a second five-year term in 2000 by Boutros-Ghali's successor, Kofi Annan.[5] UN policy states that agency heads may serve no more than two five-year terms.[citation needed]

Bellamy is credited with having left behind a fiscally sound organization with strong[citation needed] internal controls. She increased UNICEF's resources from roughly $800 million ($966 m in 2004 terms) in 1994 to more than $1.8 billion in 2004.[citation needed]

NGOsEdit

Bellamy was appointed the President and CEO of the Brattleboro, Vermont-based World Learning and president of its School for International Training in 2005. World Learning is a global organization with operations in more than 75 countries that fosters global citizenship through experiential education and community-driven development programs. Organizations that fund World Learning include the Tides Foundation and Rockefeller Financial Services.[6]

On July 25, 2007, Bellamy was elected Chair of the board of directors of the Fair Labor Association (FLA). The FLA advocates for workers' interests by promoting international labor standards. "For eight years the FLA has been strengthening its capacity to work with companies, factories, civil society organizations and others to end sweatshop labor and protect workers' rights. It is now moving beyond its rigorous monitoring program to focus greater attention on identifying the root causes of these problems and to develop sustainable compliance programs," said Bellamy in accepting the position.[citation needed]

OtherEdit

In April 2009, Bellamy was appointed as Chair of the International Baccalaureate (IB) Board of Governors.[7] Between 2010 and 2013, Carol Bellamy was the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Global Partnership for Education. Bellamy is a member of the Board of the American University of Beirut.

HonorsEdit

In 1981, she was selected to be one of the first Young Leaders of the French-American Foundation.[8]

Bellamy is a former Fellow of the Harvard Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and an honorary member of Pi Alpha Alpha. At its 1982 commencement ceremonies, Barnard College awarded Bellamy the college's highest honor, the Medal of Distinction.

Bellamy received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Bates College in 2003. She returned to her alma mater, the NYU School of Law, to deliver a commencement day speech in May 2006.

For her work with UNICEF, she was awarded Japan's Order of the Rising Sun in 2006.[9] Three years later, she was similarly celebrated by France with the award of the Legion of Honour.[10][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Singleton, Don (September 11, 1977). "Carol Bellamy: Candidate with Winning Way". New York Daily News. p. 4. Archived from the original on November 5, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  2. ^ Klein, Joe. "The Woman Who Would Be Mayor", New York (magazine), March 8, 1982. Accessed August 10, 2011. "She grew up in a Protestant, Republican, working-class family in Scotch Plains, New Jersey. Her parents worked – her mother as a nurse, her father for the phone company."
  3. ^ Thompson, Clifford. "Carol Bellamy", Current Biography Yearbook, p. 53. H. W. Wilson Company, 1999. ISBN 0-8242-0988-5. Accessed August 10, 2011. "Bellamy acted in student productions of musicals at Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School, from which she graduated in 1959."
  4. ^ "THE CITY; Bellamy Leaving M.T.A. Board". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  5. ^ Crossette, Barbara (April 22, 2002). "From City Hall to the World's Stage; Carol Bellamy Uses Her Unicef Perch to Fight for Children". The New York Times. p. B1. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  6. ^ "STAR Network Funders". Worldlearning.org. Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  7. ^ "Carol Bellamy". ibo.org. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
  8. ^ "Young Leaders: 1981". French-American Foundation. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  9. ^ Nagashima-Hayashi, Michiko. "Former UNICEF Executive Director receives humanitarian award in Japan," UNICEF web site (2006)]
  10. ^ "France awards Légion d'honneur to Carol Bellamy and Rima Salah". Unicef.org. July 16, 2008. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  11. ^ Chan, Sewell (April 7, 2009). "Carol Bellamy to Receive French Honor". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2018.

External linksEdit

New York State Senate
Preceded by
John J. Marchi
Member of the New York Senate
from the 25th district

1973–1974
Succeeded by
Vander L. Beatty
Preceded by
Paul P. E. Bookson
Member of the New York Senate
from the 25th district

1975–1977
Succeeded by
Martin Connor
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul O'Dwyer
President of the New York City Council
1978–1985
Succeeded by
Andrew Stein
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mary Codd
Liberal nominee for Mayor of New York City
1985
Succeeded by
Rudy Giuliani
Preceded by
Herman Badillo
Democratic nominee for Comptroller of New York
1990
Succeeded by
Carl McCall
Government offices
Preceded by
Elaine Chao
Director of the Peace Corps
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Mark Gearan
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Richard Jolly
Acting
Executive Director of UNICEF
1995–2005
Succeeded by
Ann Veneman
Positions in intergovernmental organisations
Preceded by
???
Chair of the Global Partnership for Education
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Julia Gillard