Open main menu

Carnival Cruise Line is an international cruise line with headquarters in Doral, Florida. Its logo is the funnel like the funnels found on their ships, with red, white and blue colors. The funnels are shaped like a whale's tail. Currently, Carnival is the largest cruise line in the world, based on passengers carried annually, annual revenue, and total number of ships in fleet.

Carnival Cruise Line
Wholly Owned Subsidiary
IndustryHospitality, Travel, and Tourism
FoundedMarch 11, 1972; 47 years ago (1972-03-11)
FounderTed Arison
HeadquartersDoral, Florida, U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Christine Duffy, President

Terry Thornton, Vice President - International

Ken Tate, Chief Commercial Officer

James Heaney, Chief Financial Officer

John Heald, Senior Cruise Director
ProductsCruises
RevenueIncrease US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)
Increase US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)
Total assetsIncrease US$35 billion (FY 2011)
Total equityIncrease US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)
Number of employees
3,900 - Shoreside[1]
33,500 - Shipboard[1]
ParentCarnival Corporation & plc
Websitewww.carnival.com
Footnotes / references
Largest cruise line in the world, based on passengers carried annually, annual revenue, and total number of ships in fleet[1]
House flag of Carnival Cruise Line

Contents

Company structureEdit

Carnival is one of ten cruise line brands owned by the world's largest cruise ship operator, the American-British Carnival Corporation & plc. In 2018 Carnival Cruise Line was estimated to hold an 8.9% share of cruise industry revenue and 22.0% of passengers.[2] It has 26 vessels and is the largest fleet in the Carnival group.[3] The ships fly flags of convenience; 18 of the ships fly the Panama flag, six of the Bahamas and two of Malta. Its headquarters are in Miami, Florida, the United States. The North American division of Carnival Corporation has executive control over the corporation and is headquartered in Doral, Florida.[4][5]

HistoryEdit

Carnival Cruise Line was founded in 1972 by Ted Arison. To finance the venture, Arison turned to his friend Meshulam Riklis, who owned Boston-based American International Travel Service (AITS). Arison and Riklis set up the new company as a subsidiary of AITS. AITS was to market and promote the new venture. In 1974, due to regulatory issues, Riklis sold AITS's interest in the company to Arison for $1, but subject to Arison taking over the substantial company debts.[6] The split enabled Arison to enter into new relationships with independent travel agents. He also promoted his cruises to fun-loving younger people. The format was very successful financially.[6] Until 1975, the line consisted of only one ship, the Mardi Gras. In 1975 another ship was acquired, the Carnivale.[6]

In 1996, Carnival Destiny of 101,000 GT became the largest passenger ship in the world at the time and first to exceed 100,000 tons.

In 2001, Robert H. Dickinson, then President and CTC, participated in a BBC documentary, Back To The Floor. Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the MS Imagination in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.[7]

In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, the Pinnacle Project, calling for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship at the time. The ship was cancelled and after that they came up with a project called Next Generation.[8]

In 2009, Carnival released their biggest ship at the time, the Carnival Dream, a new 128,000 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean, she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel.[9] It entered service in June 2012 and its homeport is now Galveston.[10] On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012 - Carnival Breeze.[11]

On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new 133,500 GT ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship, built by Fincantieri, was the largest ship they have ever built. It sailed its maiden voyage on May 1, 2016.[12] The new ship was named Carnival Vista.[13]

In January 2017, Michael Thamm was appointed CEO of Carnival Asia to oversee operations in China and the surrounding region.

A sister to Carnival Vista, Carnival Horizon, joined the fleet with their inaugural voyages from Trieste, Italy and Barcelona, Spain on May 1, 2016 and April 2, 2018, respectively. Queen Latifah is the Godmother of Horizon for its christening in New York on May 23, 2018.[14]

Carnival Panorama is set to join the fleet in December 2019.

In February 2018, the company's officials unveiled a major port development project in Ensenada, Mexico.[15]

Economic impactEdit

In 2016, Carnival extended their contract with Port Everglades cruise port to 2030.[16] The port began a $54 million renovation in anticipation of the deal. The agreement brings in an estimated 4,780 local jobs and over $200 million in personal income.[17]

In 2018, Carnival brought the Carnival Fantasy to Mobile, Alabama.[18] Economists anticipate an increase in tourism to Mobile and revenue at an estimated $35 million.[19]

ControversiesEdit

The company has reportedly been paying wages under $1.50 per hour to employees with low-to-nonexistent benefits, such as holidays or minimal vacations.[20] Monthly salaries of the high-paid workers are around $1,300. Employees report strenuous working conditions such as 14-hour shifts with no days off. Retirement benefits were revoked in October 2013.[21]

 
Carnival Ecstasy docked in New Orleans

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing until the houses can be rebuilt. After being chartered for six months, their planned voyages were cancelled, and passengers were refunded. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized, because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.[22]

 
Carnival Cruise Line headquarters in Doral, Florida

Since 2017, Carnival Corporation has been on probation, after having been found to "illegally dumping oil into the ocean from its Princess Cruises ships and lying about the scheme." Carnival Corporation also had to pay a $40 million fine.[23]

In April 2019, Carnival Corporation was accused of violating probation rules. The allegations include 800 incidents from April 2017 to April 2018. A federal judge has threatened to impose severe fines which may increase tenfold . The judge also stated that Carnival ships may be temporarily banned from docking in US ports. The final verdict will be announced in July 2019 at the hearing.[24]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.

On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. The Carnival Tropicale spent two days without propulsion.[25]

On November 8, 2010, a fire broke out in the generator room of Carnival Splendor and the ship lost power. The ship was adrift off the west coast of Mexico until it was towed to San Diego.[26]

On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico.[27] The engine fire led to a power outage on the ship, which in turn caused raw sewage to back up. The media dubbed the ordeal "The Poop Cruise".[28] The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14.[29][30] In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered that revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing stated that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."[31]

On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, Sint Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.[32]

On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).[33][34][35]

On December 27, 2015, an electrician who had been working on the Carnival Ecstasy was crushed to death while working in an elevator.[36] The accident had heavy publicity after a video was posted online.[37]

In February 2018, a series of brawls broke out on the Carnival Legend. Staff were criticized for not containing the brawls and for exercising heavy force against passengers.[38]

On May 3, 2018 a pipe burst in the Carnival Dream’s fire suppression system, flooding 50 staterooms.[39]

In November 2018 the Carnival Sunshine experienced a technical issue which caused the ship to list for approximately one minute.[40]

On December 29, 2018 lifeboat number 28 broke loose from the Carnival Dream for unknown reasons and was excessively damaged. Carnival decided to abandon the lifeboat at sea and plans to purchase a new replacement. No one was onboard the lifeboat at the time and no injuries were reported.[41]

ShipsEdit

Current FleetEdit

Ship Class Sailing for
Carnival
Gross Tonnage Guest

Capacity

Home Port Flag Notes Image
Carnival Horizon Vista 2018–present 133,500 GT 3,960 Miami, Florida   Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Line.[42]  
Carnival Vista Vista 2016–present 133,500 GT 3,934 Galveston, Texas   Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Horizon  
Carnival Breeze Dream 2012–Present 128,000 GT[43] 3,690 Port Canaveral, Florida
Until September 26, 2020

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Beginning October 4, 2020

  Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Vista  
Carnival Magic Dream 2011–Present 128,000 GT[44] 3,690 Fort Lauderdale, Florida; Miami, Florida   Panama The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze  
Carnival Dream Dream 2009–Present 128,000 GT[45] 3,646 Galveston, Texas   Panama Had a flood on deck 9 after a burst pipe and ruined 50 staterooms in May 2018

 

Carnival Splendor Splendor 2008–Present 113,300 GT[45] 3,012

Long Beach, California
Until October 5, 2019
Sydney, Australia
Beginning December 11, 2019

  Panama Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor, but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships.  
Carnival Freedom Conquest 2007–Present 110,000 GT 2,980 Galveston, Texas   Panama  
Carnival Liberty Conquest 2005–Present 110,000 GT 2,980

Port Canaveral, Florida

  Panama  
Carnival Valor Conquest 2004–Present 110,000 GT 2,980

New Orleans, Louisiana

  Panama  
Carnival Glory Conquest 2003–Present 110,000 GT 2,980 New Orleans, Louisiana


  Panama  
Carnival Conquest Conquest 2002–Present 110,000 GT 2,980 Miami, Florida   Panama  
Carnival Miracle Spirit 2004–Present 88,500 GT 2,124

Tampa, Florida

Long Beach, California
Beginning October 12, 2019
San Diego, California
Beginning December 1, 2019
Miami, Florida
Beginning February 14, 2020

San Francisco, California

Beginning March 19, 2020

San Diego, California Beginning October 4, 2020

  Panama Built to Panamax form factor  
Carnival Legend Spirit 2002–Present 88,500 GT 2,124 Sydney, Australia; Melbourne, Australia; Barcelona, Spain; London, England; Los Angeles, California; New York; Seattle, Washington; Tampa, Florida; Vancouver, Canada; Venice, Italy[46]
  Malta Built to Panamax form factor  
Carnival Pride Spirit 2002–Present 88,500 GT 2,124 Baltimore, Maryland[47]   Panama Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival  
Carnival Spirit Spirit 2001–Present 88,500 GT 2,124 Sydney, Australia
Until January 12, 2020
Melbourne
Beginning January 14, 2020

(April–September)
Seattle, Washington ; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ; Honolulu, Hawaii
Beginning April 10, 2020
Brisbane, Australia
Beginning October 25, 2020
  Malta Built to Panamax form factor  
Carnival Victory Destiny/Sunshine 2000–2020 When she will be refitted as Carnival Radiance. 101,509 GT 2,754 Miami, Florida; Barcelona, Spain; New York; Norfolk, Virginia; and Port Canaveral, Florida   Panama Modified Destiny-class. Be named Carnival Radiance in year 2020  
Carnival Sunrise Destiny/Sunshine 2019-Present as Carnival Sunrise

1999–2019 as Carnival Triumph

101,509 GT 2,984 Norfolk, Virginia ; New York City, New York & Fort Lauderdale, Florida   Bahamas Originally sailed as Carnival Triumph from 1999 to 2019.
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service. In April 2019,Carnival Triumph will be renamed to Carnival Sunrise after a major $200 million drydock.[citation needed]
 
Carnival Sunshine Destiny/Sunshine 2013–Present as Carnival Sunshine 1996-2013 as Carnival Destiny 102,853 GT 3,002 Charleston, South Carolina

[48]

  Bahamas Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
 
Carnival Paradise Fantasy 1998–Present 71,909 GT 2,124 Tampa, Florida   Panama Originally, Paradise  
Carnival Elation Fantasy 1998–Present 71,909 GT 2,130 Port Canaveral, Florida   Panama Originally, Elation  
Carnival Inspiration Fantasy 1996–Present 70,367 GT 2,056 Long Beach, California   Bahamas Originally, Inspiration  
Carnival Imagination Fantasy 1995–Present 70,367 GT 2,056 Long Beach, California   Bahamas Originally, Imagination  
Carnival Fascination Fantasy 1994–Present 70,367 GT 2,056 San Juan, Puerto Rico ; Barbados
  Bahamas Originally, Fascination  
Carnival Sensation Fantasy 1993–Present 70,367 GT 2,056 Miami, Florida   Bahamas Originally, Sensation  
Carnival Ecstasy Fantasy 1991–Present 70,367 GT 2,056 Jacksonville, Florida   Panama Originally, Ecstasy  
Carnival Fantasy Fantasy 1990–present 70,367 GT 2,056 Mobile, Alabama   Panama Originally, Fantasy  

NotesEdit

  • Two more Destiny-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Fortuna and Costa Magica.
  • Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory are Modified-Destiny-class cruise ship that were built with two more decks than the rest of the Destiny-class ships.
  • Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Atlantica and Costa Mediterranea.
  • One more Dream-class ship sails for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, Costa Diadema.
  • Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed. Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic and Carnival Breeze, as well as Carnival Vista, were built with the Seaside Theater.
  • Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed and built for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises had five sister ships to Carnival Splendor: Costa Concordia, Costa Serena, Costa Pacifica, Costa Favolosa and Costa Fascinosa,[citation needed] until the Costa Concordia was grounded and wrecked in January 2012. The inaugural voyage for Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England.

Future shipsEdit

Ship Build
Year
Will sail for
Carnival
Gross Tonnage Home Port Flag Notes
Carnival Panorama 2019 2019 135,500 GT Long Beach, California[49]   Panama Sister to the Carnival Vista and Carnival Horizon. Originally planned to sail for P&O Cruises Australia.[50]

Carnival Panorama will sail from Long Beach CA doing 7 day Mexican riviera cruises year round.

Mardi Gras 2020 2020 185,000 GT Port Canaveral, FL, Copenhagen, Denmark, London, England, New York   Panama Will be the first LNG powered and the largest ship ever built for Carnival Cruise Line.[51] The ship's name was announced on the December 5, 2018 episode of Wheel of Fortune. Will feature the first roller coaster at sea
TBA 2022 2022 185,000 GT TBA   Panama Will be built by Meyer Turku, Finland[52]

Former fleetEdit

Ship Class Year
Built
Sailed for
Carnival
Gross Tonnage Flag Notes Image
Mardi Gras Empress 1961 1972–1993 27,284 GT
registered as 18,261 GT
  Panama Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003.  
Carnivale Empress 1956 1975–1993 31,500 GT   Panama Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008.  
Festivale Festivale 1962 1977–1996 32,697 GT   Panama Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003.  
Tropicale Tropicale 1982 1982–2001 36,674 GT   Liberia Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008.  
Holiday Holiday 1985 1985–2009 46,051 GT Madeira,   Portugal In 2009, Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan.  
Jubilee Holiday 1986 1986–2004 47,262 GT   Liberia In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia and the Henna in 2013. Sold for scrap in 2017.  
Celebration Holiday 1987 1987–2008 47,262 GT Madeira,   Portugal In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line.  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Carnival Cruise Lines Fact Sheet. Carnival Cruise Lines. Retrieved 31 May 2010
  2. ^ "2018 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2018-01-05.
  3. ^ "The fleet and home ports of Carnival Cruise Line, by the numbers". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  4. ^ "Corporate Address." Carnival Cruise Line. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
  5. ^ "Map of the City of Doral Archived 2011-08-09 at the Wayback Machine." City of Doral. Retrieved on January 9, 2010
  6. ^ a b c The Cruise Ship Phenomenon in North America (2001), by Brian J. Cudahy, ISBN 9780870335297, page 44ff.
  7. ^ "BBC - Adam Curtis - We're all in the same boat — aren't we?". 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  8. ^ Fincantieri signs a five ship, 2.6 billion dollar agreement with Carnival Group. Press Release. Fincantiei. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2010
  9. ^ "Wärtsilä to power new cruise vessel of Carnival Corporation".
  10. ^ "New 128,000-ton Cruise Ship Ordered for Carnival Corporation & plc's Carnival Cruise Line Unit". Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  11. ^ "Carnival Cruise Lines' new 128,000-ton ship to be named Carnival Breeze". Cruise Industry News. May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  12. ^ "Carnival Cruise Lines and Holland America Line Order New Ships - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  13. ^ Sloan, Gene (July 20, 2013). "Next Carnival ship to be called Carnival Vista". USA Today. Retrieved Aug 4, 2013.
  14. ^ Queen Latifah to christen giant new Carnival ship Gene Sloan, USA TODAY; March 1, 2018
  15. ^ Staff, CIN (2018-02-10). "Carnival to Develop New Port in Ensenada". Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  16. ^ "Carnival Corporation and Port Everglades Extend Landmark Agreement to 2030". 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  17. ^ Satchell, Arlene. "New agreement expands Carnival's presence at Port Everglades". Sun-Sentinel.com. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  18. ^ "Carnival to offer longer cruises, new destinations from Mobile". AL.com. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  19. ^ "Carnival Extends Contract with Mobile Through 2018". cruisefever.net. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  20. ^ "P&O cruise ship staff paid basic salary of 75p an hour". The Guardian. September 29, 2012.
  21. ^ "Carnival Cruises Lines Terminates Crew Member Retirement Benefits". Cruise Law News. October 23, 2013.
  22. ^ $236 Million Cruise Ship Deal Criticized — The Washington Post, September 28, 2005
  23. ^ Judge threatens to stop Carnival ships from docking in US, Apr 12, 2019
  24. ^ Andy Newman. "Carnival is on probation for polluting the ocean. They're still doing it, court records show". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
  25. ^ Danielson, Richard (February 23, 2000). "Cruise captain feared panic". St. Petersburg Times.
  26. ^ "Rescue Under Way for Disabled Carnival Splendor". CBS News. November 10, 2010.
  27. ^ Martin, Hugo (February 12, 2013). "Carnival Triumph cruise ship adrift; long lines for toilets, food". Los Angeles Times.
  28. ^ "DISASTER TIMELINE: How Carnival Went From 'Fun Ship' To 'Poop Cruise'". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  29. ^ "Feces, water reported on floor of disabled Carnival cruise ship in Gulf of Mexico". Fox News. February 12, 2013.
  30. ^ Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (February 14, 2013). "Carnival Triumph, crippled cruise ship, finally reaches port". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  31. ^ Griffin, Drew; Bronstein, Scott (December 17, 2013). "Documents show Carnival knew of fire danger before ill-fated cruise". CNN.
  32. ^ Lateef Mungin (15 March 2013). "Carnival nightmare: Another cruise ship reports trouble at sea". CNN. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  33. ^ "Another problem cruise: Second Carnival ship in less than a week experiences trouble at sea". Fox News. March 15, 2013.
  34. ^ Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (March 15, 2013). "Coast Guard Investigating Carnival Legend". Los Angeles Times.
  35. ^ Carpenter, Jake; et al. (March 17, 2013). "Carnival Legend back in Florida after week of troubled cruise voyages". CNN.
  36. ^ Mullen, Jethro (December 31, 2015), "Couple witnesses horrific cruise ship death", CNN, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., retrieved December 31, 2015
  37. ^ "Electrician crushed to death on Carnival ship disabled safety system, police say". miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  38. ^ Mitchell, Neil (2018-02-16). "EXCLUSIVE FOOTAGE: Violent cruise ship brawl captured on camera". 3AW.com.au. Archived from the original on |archive-url= requires |archive-date= (help). Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  39. ^ Osborne, Mark (May 5, 2018), "Water line break floods 50 rooms on Carnival cruise ship", ABC, Disney–ABC Television Group, retrieved May 5, 2018
  40. ^ https://www.miamiherald.com/news/business/tourism-cruises/article221046080.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. ^ Walker, Jim (December 31, 2018). "Carnival Dream Loses Lifeboat". Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  42. ^ "Carnival Horizon Cruise Ship: Review & Photos on Cruise Critic". www.cruisecritic.com. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  43. ^ "Carnival Breeze". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  44. ^ "Carnival Magic". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  45. ^ a b "Carnival Dream". Fincantieri. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  46. ^ "Carnival Legend to be Based in Melbourne in Summer 2018". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
  47. ^ Kevin Rector (2014-01-30). "Carnival reverses plan to depart Baltimore port". Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  48. ^ https://www.cruiseindustrynews.com/cruise-news/18208-carnival-sunshine-to-offer-year-round-cruises-from-charleston.html
  49. ^ Staff, CIN (2018-02-10). "New Carnival Panorama to be Based on West Coast". Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  50. ^ "Surprise! Another giant new Carnival ship on the way for 2019". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  51. ^ Tribou, Richard. "Carnival Cruise Line to build two new giant ships". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  52. ^ "Two giant new ships on the way for Carnival Cruise Line". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-11-08.

External linksEdit