Carnaval de Ponce

The Carnaval de Ponce (English: Ponce Carnival), officially Carnaval Ponceño, is an annual celebration held in Ponce, Puerto Rico. The celebration lasts one week and it ends on the day before Ash Wednesday. Thus, it is generally held in February and sometimes in March. It is one of the oldest carnivals of the Western Hemisphere, dating back to 1858.[7] Some authorities, such as the Smithsonian Institution, believe the Ponce Carnaval can be traced to as far back as 250 years ago.[8] The Carnaval coincides with the Mardi Gras of New Orleans, the Carnival of Venice, and Rio de Janeiro's Carnival. The estimated attendance is 100,000.[9] Scenes of the 2011 Carnaval Ponceño were featured in the Travel Channel on 7 August 2011.[10]

Carnaval de Ponce
Afiche del Carnaval Ponceño 2011, in Ponce, Puerto Rico.jpg
Poster bill of the 2011 Carnaval de Ponce, celebrated 2–8 March 2011, in Ponce, Puerto Rico.
Official nameCarnaval Ponceño
Also calledCarnaval de Ponce
TypeLocal, cultural
CelebrationsParades, parties, dances, music, food
DateWeek before Ash Wednesday
2022 date26 February – 1 March[1]
2023 date18-21 March[2]
FrequencyAnnual
First time1858
Related toLent

HistoryEdit

 
Carnaval de Ponce 2011

There are no documents stating the official origin of the Carnaval, but there are documents mentioning the celebration as early as 1858.[11][12][13] The Carnaval de Ponce thus began in 1858 and was started as a mask dance by a Spaniard by the name of José de la Guardia.[14][15] The masquerade dance continued as a tradition through the years, but it was not until the 1950s that the municipal government added the parade to the Carnaval.[16] In the early 1960s, the Carnaval began to integrate floats that represented civic and cultural institutions, public and private residential communities, schools, colleges and universities, banking, industry and commerce.[17] The Office of Cultural Development of the Municipality of Ponce explains that “it is believed that the influence of the Nice Carnival extended to Barcelona and that immigrants from Barcelona brought it to Ponce. With the passing of time Poceans have added their own touches with Afro-Antillean music that fills the celebrations with percussion, rhythm and happiness."[18]

In June 1995, Carnaval de Ponce was taken to New York City where, during the Puerto Rican Day Parade, over 200 entertainers, folk artists and musicians from Ponce, in addition to the Banda Municipal de Ponce and the Carnival's Queen and Child Queen, marched down New York's Fifth Avenue as part of that City's Puerto Rican Day Celebration. During the week leading to the Parade, folk artists from the Carnaval de Ponce, toured the City teaching children to make the traditional Ponce carnival's masks.[19] In 2012, a local news weekly called Carnaval de Ponce "Puerto Rico's National Carnival".[20]

Costumes and masksEdit

 
Illustration of a vejigante mask

One of the traditions of the Carnaval is the appearance of the "vejigantes", which is a colorful costume traditionally representing the devil or evil. Vejigantes carry blown cow bladders with which they make sounds and hit carnival attendees throughout the processions.

The traditional vejigante masks of the Ponce carnival are made of paper mache and are characterized by the presence of multiple horns. The mask was developed by Ponce artisans in the early part of the 20th century. They are made from newsprint paper mixed with homemade glue and paint. Sophisticated Ponce carnival masks are sought after by mask collectors and masks from Ponce have become a symbol of Puerto Rico at large.[21]

The Carnaval ends with the Burial of the Sardine, at which point everyone sings a song in Spanish that translates into:[22] The burial of the Sardine event started in 1967.[23] (The Ball Dance was also started in 1967.The burial of the Sardine event started in 1967.[24]

The Carnival is dead now
They are burying him;
Throw just a little dirt in
So he can rise again.

EconomicsEdit

The municipal government invests close to $100,000 in the Carnival and the event infuses some $500,000 into the city's economy.[25]

List of eventsEdit

The Carnaval starts on the Wednesday before Ash Wednesday, and the events are as follows.[26][27]

Wednesday: Vejigantes Party
Thursday: King Momo Entrance Parade
Friday: Crowning of the Child Queen
Saturday: Crowning of the Carnival Adult Queen
Sunday: Main Parade
Monday: Carnival's Ball Dance
Tuesday: Burial of the Sardine

Carnaval queens and child queensEdit

 
2011 Sand Sculpture by the Sand Masters on Plaza Degetau, Ponce

In 1959, the Carnaval introduced the crowning of a Carnaval queen. This was followed, in 1973, with the crowning of a Carnaval child queen. The following are the Carnaval queens and child queens.[28]

Carnaval QueensEdit


Carnaval Child queensEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Due to seismic activity in the area, the Municipality shortened the 2020 Carnaval from 7 to 3 days.
  2. ^ Update: Due to seismic activity concerns, the 2020 Carnival was further shortened from 3 days to a single day: 23 February 2020.
  3. ^ Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the event was a one-day only event and took place on 23 February 2020.[39]
  4. ^ Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the event was a one-day only event and took place on 23 February 2020.[52]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Regresa el Carnaval Ponceño conmemorando los 330 años de la fundación de Ponce. eladoquintimes. 23 February 2022. Accessed 24 February 2022. Archived.
  2. ^ Ponce Carnival 2023 is Puerto Rico’s Carnival: El Carnaval de Ponce or Carnaval Ponceño (Ponce Carnival) is Puerto Rico’s big traditional carnival. Ponce is Puerto Rico’s big southern city, so it is less Americanized than the capital San Juan. New York Latin Culture Magazine. 27 January 2023. Accessed 5 February 2023.Archive.
  3. ^ PONCE CELEBRARA SU TRADICIONAL CARNAVAL PONCEÑO. Noticias de Ponce. 29 January 2020. Accessed 30 January 2020.
  4. ^ CARNAVAL DE PONCE SE LLEVARÁ A CABO UN SOLO DIA,SERA EL DOMINGO 23 DE FEBRERO. Carlos José Vázquez. 9 February 2020. Accessed 24 February 2020.
  5. ^ Carnaval de Ponce será rodante. Voces del Sur. 1 February 2021. Accessed 1 February 2021.
  6. ^ Carnaval Ponceño estrena modalidad “rodante”: La edición #163 del tradicional evento, se realizará de manera rodante, con el fin de impactar las comunidades de la Ciudad Señorial. El Sol de Puerto Rico. 1 February 2021. Accessed 1 February 2021.
  7. ^ Ponce Carnival Goes International In its 150th Anniversary Edition. Let's Go To Ponce. Archived 11 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Ponce Carnival. Retrieved 12 April 2010.
  8. ^ A Puerto Rican Carnival: How to Dress for the Ponce Carnival; Introduction: What is a Carnival? The Smithsonian Institution. 1993 and 2002. Accessed 1 February 2019.
  9. ^ Attendance Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  10. ^ Carnaval Ponceño y escultura de arena por Travel Channel. El Sur a la Vista. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 5 August 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  11. ^ Activan plan de seguridad para Carnaval. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  12. ^ Activan plan de seguridad para Carnaval. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  13. ^ Carnaval, Carnval, Llego el Carnaval! Archived 2 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine El Señorial. Ponce Municipal Government. "Anuario: Carnaval Ponceño 2013." February–March 2013. Page 18. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  14. ^ Tradiciones de la Perla del Sur: Fiestas del Carnaval de Ponce. Archived 20 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  15. ^ Mantienen viva la tradición carnavalesca. Reinaldo Millán La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 6 February 2013. Year 31. Issue 1523. Page 24. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  16. ^ Tradiciones de la Perla del Sur: Fiestas del Carnaval de Ponce. Archived 20 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  17. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 91.
  18. ^ Celebran 160 años del carnaval en Ponce: Pese a los azotes y las vicisitudes por culpa del huracán María, los ponceños festejarán en grande. Josefina Barceló Jiménez. El Nuevo Dia. Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. 4 February 2018. Accessed 15 February 2018.
  19. ^ Antonio R. Gomez and Margarita Diaz. Unmasking the Ponce Carnival. Daily News. New York, New York. Puerto Rican Day parade Special. 8 June 1995.
  20. ^ Activan plan de seguridad para Carnaval. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  21. ^ Antonio R. Gomez and Margarita Diaz. Unmasking the Ponce Carnival. Daily News. New York, New York. Puerto Rican Day Parade Special Supplement. 8 June 1995.
  22. ^ The Smithsonian Institution. A Puerto Rican Carnival: How to Dress for the Ponce Carnival. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  23. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 91.
  24. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 91.
  25. ^ Cierra La Sonora el Carnaval Ponceño . La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 6 February 2013. Year 31. Issue 1523. Page 28. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  26. ^ Carnival Program Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  27. ^ Travel Ponce Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  28. ^ Unless otherwise indicated, this information is taken from Carnaval Ponceños 2012: Dedicado a los "Ponceños y Ponceñistas destacados en los Medios de Comunicación". Page 34. Municipio Autónomo de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. February 2012.
  29. ^ Carnaval Ponceño 2012: Dedicado a 'Los Ponceños y Ponceñistas destacados en los Medios de Comunicacion' (Municipio Autonomo de Ponce, 2012; CEE-SA-12-3910), page <no page number; not numbered>.
  30. ^ Ponce celebra su tradicional Carnaval.
  31. ^ Cierra La Sonora el Carnaval Ponceño . La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 6 February 2013. Year 31. Issue 1523. Page 28. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  32. ^ Todo listo para la celebración del Carnaval Ponceño 2014. RadioIsla. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  33. ^ Listo Ponce para los 156 años de su carnaval. Darisabel Texidor Guadalupe. Primera Hora. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  34. ^ Carnaval de Ponce, 2019. (carnaval brochure - "Edicion 161 del Carnaval Ponceño.") Municipio de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. Ponce, Puerto Rico. "Reinas del Carnaval Ponceño." p. 14.
  35. ^ Carnaval de Ponce, 2019. (carnaval brochure - "Edicion 161 del Carnaval Ponceño.") Municipio de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. Ponce, Puerto Rico. "Reinas del Carnaval Ponceño." p. 14.
  36. ^ Este viernes inicia la edición 159 del Carnaval Ponceño. Archived 16 February 2018 at the Wayback Machine WIPR TV. San Juan, PuertO Rico. 22 February 2017. Accessed 15 February 2018.
  37. ^ Celebran 160 años del carnaval en Ponce: Pese a los azotes y las vicisitudes por culpa del huracán María, los ponceños festejarán en grande. Josefina Barceló Jiménez. El Nuevo Dia. Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. 4 February 2018. Accessed 15 February 2018.
  38. ^ Carnaval de Ponce, 2019. (carnaval brochure - "Edicion 161 del Carnaval Ponceño.") Municipio de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. Ponce, Puerto Rico. "S. M. Adlin Camille Mendez Vargas." p. 16.
  39. ^ Carnaval Ponceño / Ponce Carnival 2020. BW. Discovering Puerto Rico. Accessed 17 December 2021. Archived.
  40. ^ A punto la histórica versión rodante del Carnaval Ponceño: El gran cierre del evento tendrá lugar en La Playa de Ponce, donde se realizarán las clásicas letanías, el Entierro de la Sardina, la Quema de Júa y la develación del Rey Momo. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Periodico La Perla del Sur. (Printed version: Year 38. Issue 1941. 10 to 16 February 2021. p. 12.) Accessed 10 February 2021.
  41. ^ Carnaval de Ponce regresa a los barrios. Esnoticiapr.com Ponce, Puerto Rico: Periódico Es Noticia. 25 February to 10 March 2022. Year 6. Issue 164. Accessed 25 February 2022. p.14.
  42. ^ Carnaval Ponceño 2012: Dedicado a 'Los Ponceños y Ponceñistas destacados en los Medios de Comunicacion' (Municipio Autonomo de Ponce, 2012; CEE-SA-12-3910), page <no page number; not numbered>.
  43. ^ Ponce celebra su tradicional Carnaval.
  44. ^ Cierra La Sonora el Carnaval Ponceño. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 6 February 2013. Year 31. Issue 1523. Page 28. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  45. ^ Todo listo para la celebración del Carnaval Ponceño 2014. RadioIsla. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  46. ^ Listo Ponce para los 156 años de su carnaval. Darisabel Texidor Guadalupe. Primera Hora. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  47. ^ Carnaval de Ponce, 2019. (carnaval brochure - "Edicion 161 del Carnaval Ponceño.") Municipio de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. Ponce, Puerto Rico. "Reinas Infantiles del Carnaval Ponceño." p. 15.
  48. ^ Carnaval de Ponce, 2019. (carnaval brochure - "Edicion 161 del Carnaval Ponceño.") Municipio de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. Ponce, Puerto Rico. "Reinas Infantiles del Carnaval Ponceño." p. 15.
  49. ^ Este viernes inicia la edición 159 del Carnaval Ponceño. Archived 16 February 2018 at the Wayback Machine WIPR TV. San Juan, PuertO Rico. 22 February 2017. Accessed 15 February 2018.
  50. ^ Celebran 160 años del carnaval en Ponce: Pese a los azotes y las vicisitudes por culpa del huracán María, los ponceños festejarán en grande. Josefina Barceló Jiménez. El Nuevo Dia. Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. 4 February 2018. Accessed 15 February 2018.
  51. ^ Carnaval de Ponce, 2019. (carnaval brochure - "Edicion 161 del Carnaval Ponceño.") Municipio de Ponce. Oficina de Desarrollo Cultural. Ponce, Puerto Rico. "S. M. Gloriangely Velez Batista I." p. 18.
  52. ^ Carnaval Ponceño / Ponce Carnival 2020. BW. Discovering Puerto Rico. Accessed 17 December 2021.Archived.
  53. ^ A punto la histórica versión rodante del Carnaval Ponceño: El gran cierre del evento tendrá lugar en La Playa de Ponce, donde se realizarán las clásicas letanías, el Entierro de la Sardina, la Quema de Júa y la develación del Rey Momo. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Periodico La Perla del Sur. (Printed version: Year 38. Issue 1941. 10 to 16 February 2021. p. 12.) Accessed 10 February 2021.
  54. ^ Carnaval de Ponce regresa a los barrios. Esnoticiapr.com Ponce, Puerto Rico: Periódico Es Noticia. 25 February to 10 March 2022. Year 6. Issue 164. Accessed 25 February 2022. p.14.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 18°0′00″N 66°37′00″W / 18.00000°N 66.61667°W / 18.00000; -66.61667