Carmen Calvo Poyato
Carmen Calvo Poyato (born 9 June 1957 in Cabra, Córdoba, Spain) is a Socialist Workers Party politician serving as Deputy Prime Minister of Spain and Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality since June 2018.
Carmen Calvo Poyato
|Deputy Prime Minister of Spain|
|Assumed office |
7 June 2018
Acting: Since 29 April 2019
|Prime Minister||Pedro Sánchez|
|Preceded by||Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría|
|Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality|
|Assumed office |
7 June 2018
|Prime Minister||Pedro Sánchez|
|Preceded by||Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría (Minister of the Presidency, and for Territorial Administrations)|
Dolors Montserrat (Health, Social Services and Equality)
|Minister of Culture|
18 April 2004 – 9 July 2007
|Prime Minister||José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero|
|Preceded by||Pilar del Castillo (Minister of Education, Culture and Sports)|
|Succeeded by||César Antonio Molina|
|Member of the Congress of Deputies|
14 March 2004 – 27 September 2011
|Member of the Parliament of Andalusia|
12 March 2000 – 14 March 2004
|Born||June 9, 1957|
|Political party||Spanish Socialist Workers Party|
|Spouse(s)||Manuel Pérez Yruela (divorced)|
With a PhD on Constitutional Law, she was Regional Minister of Culture of Andalusia between 1996 and 2004 she also served between 2004 and 2007 as Culture Minister in the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. Since June 2017, she is the Secretary of Equality of the Socialist Party having published several books about feminism and gender equality.
Early life and educationEdit
Her primary studies were carried out in a Catholic school and his high school studies at the Aguilar and Eslava High School in the province of Córdoba. She studied law at the University of Seville and got her PhD in Constitutional law in the University of Córdoba.
She is professor (on leave) of Constitutional law at the University of Córdoba where she was Secretary General and Vice-dean of the Faculty of Law between 1990 and 1994. From 1992 to 1996 she was secretary of the Andalusian Interuniversity Institute of Criminology.
She enters in politics in the 1990s, when she was appointed Counselor of the Economic and Social Council of Córdoba between 1994 and 1996. She joined the Socialist Workers' Party in 1999.
Regional Minister of Culture of AndalusiaEdit
In April 1996, Calvo was appointed Minister of Culture of the Regional Government of Andalusia under the presidency of Manuel Chaves. Having being joined the Socialist Workers' Party in 1999, she was elected MP for Córdoba in the Parliament of Andalusia in 2000. She was in office between her appointment in 1996 until her appointment as Culture Minister of the Government of Spain.
During her eight-years-term as Regional Minister of Culture, she inaugurated the Museo Picasso Málaga of contemporary art in 2003, she negotiate the Andalusian Pact for the Book —a pact for supporting and promoting of reading— and she carried out important investments to reform churches, libraries and theatres —like Maestranza Theatre of Seville— as well as developing the Quality Plan for the Museums of Andalusia —which included the enlargement of the Archelogic Museum of Córdoba—.
In January 2004, she made the leap to national politics when the Secretary-General of the Socialist Workers' Party, Zapatero, created a «committee of notables» to advise him on his run to the premiership and appointed her a member of that committee. In the Spanish general election in March 2004, she was elected to the Congress of Deputies, representing Córdoba and was subsequently appointed Minister of Culture in April by the new President of the Government, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.
As Minister of Culture, she was an outspoken opponent of copyright piracy, and in 2005 her department spent around one million euros on a campaign to educate the public about the importance of intellectual property. However, she was criticised by music industry officials for her statement that intellectual property "is not an absolute right". One decision that costed her most of his popularity was to transfer documents from the General Archive of the Spanish Civil War to the Autonomous community of Catalonia even when most of that documents never belonged to the region.
Because of the bad results of the previous year in the Spanish cinema, in 2007 Calvo presented a draft law that forces the movie theaters to shown European films (at least a 25%). This was rejected by most of the film industry and they went to strike on June 18, 2007, a strike followed by a 93% of the industry. Minister Calvo was replaced in July 2007 and his successor approved this law with big modifications in late 2007.
She was one of the ministers with worst approval ratings and was replaced in July 2007 by César Antonio Molina.
First Vice President of the CongressEdit
In the 2008 general election, she was re-elected MP for Córdoba and was appointed Chairman of the Congress Committee on Equality and member of the Congress Committee on Defence and Committee on Comprehensive Disability Policies. During this Congress meeting she also presides over two subcommittees, one about abortion and other about gender violence.
She rejected to be re-elected in the 2011 general election because of disagreements with the electoral list made for Córdoba and she returned to her teaching position in the university. She became a person of confidence for the Secretary-General of the Socialist Party Pedro Sánchez and he appointed her in 2017 as Secretary for Equality of the Socialist Workers' Party.
Deputy Prime MinisterEdit
On June 5, 2018, it was announced that Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez would appoint her as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equalitybeing this the first time that the Ministry of the Presidency assume also the competencies over equality.
During her term, she has focused on gender violence especially after a controversial sentence dictated by the Provincial Court of Navarre that condemns a group of mans that raped a 18-years-old woman for sexual abuse —9 years in prison— and not for sexual assault or rape —that would mean at least 20 years— and provoking social unrest. The Deputy PM Calvo proposed a reform of the Criminal Code to include explicit sexual consent. After appealing the sentence, the High Court of Justice of Navarre confirmed the sentence of the provincial court.
In November 2018, she also proposed to amend to the Constitution to exclude some words that can be considered offensive for disabled people and to create a constitutional mandate that especifically protects disabled women.
She is the sister of the politician and writer José Calvo Poyato (former MP of the Parliament of Andalusia and former Mayor of Cabra). She married with sociologist Manuel Pérez Yruela, former spokesperson of the Regional Government of Andalusia and researcher professor of the Institute of Social Studies of Andalusia. They are currently divorced.
She married once before, at the age of 19-years-old with her childhood love with whom she had a daughter at the age of 22. She and her daughter share their love for rock music. She has two granddaughters.
Awards and honoursEdit
- 1998: Fiambrera de Plata, a prize awarded annually by the Athenaeum of Córdoba.
- 2007: Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III. It was granted for being a minister.
- 2008: Favorite Daughter of Cabra, an honorary title given by the City Council of Cabra. She's the first woman to have it.
- 2017: 2017 Progressive Women Award for her outstanding career as a feminist, as well as for her political and personal involvement in the fight for equality. Award given by the Spanish Federation of Progressive Women.
- 2018: Ramón Rubial Award for the defense of socialist values.
- "El primer gobierno de Zapatero - Documentos elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- País, Ediciones El (2011-11-14). "Carmen Calvo". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Carmen Calvo Poyato - PSOE". www.psoe.es. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- María querida (2004), retrieved 2018-12-15
- "Carmen Calvo versus Rosa Aguilar: demasiado fuego para el Califato. Noticias de Andalucía". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 2018-06-01. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- AGENCIAS (2004-01-08). "Zapatero crea un "comité de notables" para asesorarle en su lucha por La Moncloa". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- País, Ediciones El (2004-03-13). "Dos ministras del PP y dos consejeras socialistas se enfrentan en las generales". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- El Ministerio de Cultura se gasta un millón de euros contra la piratería, Telecinco, 15 December 2005 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- Carmen Calvo advierte que la propiedad intelectual "no es un derecho absoluto", La Vanguardia, 7 July 2006 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- "Carmen Calvo defiende el retorno de los". La Vanguardia. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "El 93% de las salas secunda el paro contra el anteproyecto de la ley del Cine | elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- elEconomista.es (2018-06-06). "Carmen Calvo vuelve a un Gobierno del PSOE, esta vez como vicepresidenta y ministra de Igualdad - EcoDiario.es". ecodiario.eleconomista.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- 20Minutos (2007-07-11). "Carmen Calvo, al Congreso". 20minutos.es - Últimas Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Congress of Deputies. "Calvo Poyato, Carmen - 9th Congress of Deputies".
- "Carmen Calvo, la política que quiere constitucionalizar la igualdad de género". La Vanguardia. 2018-06-05. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Sánchez quiere que Carmen Calvo sea secretaria de Igualdad en la Ejecutiva del PSOE". sevilla (in Spanish). 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Doria, Javier Lorente (2018-12-05). "Spanish court upholds nine-year jail sentence for 'La Manada' gang". El País. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Tens of thousands protest in Spain over gang rape acquittal". France 24. 2018-04-29. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Álvarez, Pilar (2018-07-10). "Spain's deputy PM proposes "yes means yes" law for sexual assault cases". El País. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Garza, Frida. "Spain Proposes 'Yes Means Yes' Sexual Consent Law After Gang Rape of Teen". Jezebel. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Badcock, James (2018-11-23). "Outcry as Spanish court says rape not violent". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Jones, Sam (2018-12-05). "Spanish 'Wolf Pack' verdict upheld, prompting fresh protests". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Sex attack gang not rapists, say judges". BBC News. 2018-12-05. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Sánchez-Morate, Inma (2018-11-20). "Carmen Calvo: "que nadie vuelva a llamar disminuido a una persona con discapacidad"". Cadena SER (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- 20Minutos (2007-07-08). "Carmen Calvo tiene planes de boda con su ex guardaespaldas". 20minutos.es - Últimas Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Carmen Calvo: "Soy feminista desde que tengo uso de razón"". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). 2018-11-10. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Vida nueva para Carmen Calvo". La Vanguardia. 2007-07-11. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Carmen Calvo: "No tengo que pedir permiso ni perdón porque me gusten los toros" | Toros | elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Fiambreras de Plata Año 1998 - Ateneo de Córdoba". www.ateneodecordoba.com. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Royal Decree 1078/2007, of July 27, which grants the Grand Cross of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III to Mrs. Carmen Calvo Poyato". boe.es. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Diario de Córdoba. "Carmen Calvo recibe el título de Hija Predilecta de Cabra". Diario Córdoba (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Tribuna Feminista. "Premios Mujeres Progresistas 2017 Tribuna Feminista". www.tribunafeminista.org. Archived from the original on 2018-06-22.
- "Calvo afirma que la Constitución". La Vanguardia. 2018-12-01. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "PSE EUSKADI: Agenda: XII EDICIÓN PREMIOS RAMÓN RUBIAL". socialistasvascos.com. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
José María Martín Delgado
| Regional Minister of Culture of Andalusia
Enrique Moratalla Molina
Pilar del Castillo
(Minister of Education, Culture and Sports)
| Minister of Culture
César Antonio Molina
| First Vice President of the Congress of Deputies
Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría
| Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría
(Presidency, and for Territorial Administrations)
(Health, Social Services and Equality)
| Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality