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Carme (/ˈkɑːrm/ KAR-mee; Greek: Κάρμη) is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by Seth Barnes Nicholson at Mount Wilson Observatory in California in July 1938.[1] It is named after the mythological Carme, mother by Zeus of Britomartis, a Cretan goddess.

Discovered byS. B. Nicholson
Discovery dateJuly 30, 1938[1]
Orbital characteristics
Mean orbit radius
23.4 million km[2]
702.28 d (1.9228 a)[2]
2.253 km/s
Inclination164.91° (to the ecliptic)
167.53° (to Jupiter's equator)[2]
Satellite ofJupiter
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
~23 km[3]
~6600 km²
Volume~51,000 km³
Mass1.3×1017 kg
Mean density
2.6 g/cm³ (assumed)[3]
~0.017 m/s2 (0.0017 g)
~0.028 km/s
Albedo0.04 (assumed)[3]
Temperature~124 K


Carme did not receive its present name until 1975;[4] before then, it was simply known as Jupiter XI. It was sometimes called "Pan"[5] between 1955 and 1975 (Pan is now the name of a satellite of Saturn).

It gives its name to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°. Its orbital elements are as of January 2000.[2] They are continuously changing due to solar and planetary perturbations.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Nicholson, S. B. (1938). "Two New Satellites of Jupiter". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 50: 292–293. Bibcode:1938PASP...50..292N. doi:10.1086/124963.
  2. ^ a b c d e Jacobson, R. A. (2000). "The Orbits of Outer Jovian Satellites" (PDF). Astronomical Journal. 120 (5): 2679–2686. Bibcode:2000AJ....120.2679J. doi:10.1086/316817.
  3. ^ a b c "Planetary Satellite Physical Parameters". JPL (Solar System Dynamics). 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  4. ^ IAUC 2846: Satellites of Jupiter[permanent dead link] 1974 October 7 (naming the moon)
  5. ^ Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia; Katherine Haramundanis (1970). Introduction to Astronomy. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-478107-4.

External linksEdit