Carl Romme

Carl Paul Maria Romme (21 December 1896 – 16 October 1980) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Roman Catholic State Party (RKSP) and later co-founder of the Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist. He was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 16 December 1971.[1]


Carl Romme
Romme, Carl - SFA007000408.jpg
Carl Romme in 1938
Member of the Council of State
In office
1 May 1962 – 1 January 1972
Vice PresidentLouis Beel
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
4 June 1946 – 25 October 1960
Preceded byFrans Teulings
Succeeded byJan Andriessen
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
Leader of the Catholic
People's Party
In office
10 January 1946 – 18 February 1961
Deputy
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byWim de Kort
Minister of Social Affairs
In office
24 June 1937 – 25 July 1939
Prime MinisterHendrikus Colijn
Preceded byMarcus Slingenberg
Succeeded byMarinus Damme
Member of the Senate
In office
8 June 1937 – 24 June 1937
Parliamentary groupRoman Catholic
State Party
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
4 June 1946 – 18 February 1961
In office
31 January 1933 – 9 May 1933
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
(1946–1961)
Roman Catholic
State Party

(1933)
Personal details
Born
Carl Paul Maria Romme

(1896-12-21)21 December 1896
Oirschot, Netherlands
Died16 October 1980(1980-10-16) (aged 83)
Tilburg, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Catholic People's Party
(1945–1980)
Roman Catholic
State Party
(1926–1945)
General League of
Roman Catholic
Caucuse
(1918– 1926)
Spouse(s)
Antonia Wiegman
(m. 1920; his death 1980)
Children3 daughters and 2 sons
Alma materUniversity of Amsterdam
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Lawyer · Researcher · Businessman · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Trade association executive · Academic administrator · Political pundit · Editor · Columnist · Author · Professor

Romme attended the Amsterdams Lyceum from June 1909 until June 1914 and applied at the University of Amsterdam in June 1914 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree before graduating with an Master of Laws degree in July 1919. Romme worked as a lawyer in Amsterdam from September 1919 until June 1937. Romme also worked as an trade association executive for the Catholic Employers association from November 1919 until December 1924 and was a contributing editor for the magazines Het Patroonsblad and De RK Werkgever from February 1920 until December 1924. Romme served on the Municipal Council of Amsterdam from April 1921 until June 1937 and served on the Provincial-Council of North Holland from June 1935 until June 1937. Romme also became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Brill Publishers, Elsevier and the Concertgebouw) and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Mine Council and the Council for Culture). Romme also worked as an associate professor of Labour law and at the Tilburg University from 1 January 1933 until 1 January 1935 and as a distinguished professor of Labour law, Administrative law and Constitutional law and at the Tilburg University from 1 January 1935 until 24 June 1937. Romme became a Member of the House of Representatives after the resignation of Leo Guit, serving from 31 January 1933 until 9 May 1933. Romme was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1937, taking office on 8 June 1937. After the election of 1937 Romme was appointed as Minister of Social Affairs in the Cabinet Colijn IV, taking office on 24 June 1937. The Cabinet Colijn IV fell on 29 June 1939 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1939 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Colijn V on 25 July 1939.

Romme again worked as a lawyer in Amsterdam from January 1940 until June 1946. On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands and the government fled to London to escape the German occupation. During World War II Romme continued to work as a lawyer. In December 1941 Romme was arrested and detained in Amsterdam and was released on January 1942. On 4 May 1942 Romme was arrested again and detained in Sint-Michielsgestel but was released four days later on 7 May 1942. Following the end of World War II Romme became actively involved with politics again and was one of the primary initiators for reforming the Roman Catholic State Party. On 22 December 1945 the Roman Catholic State Party was renamed as the Catholic People's Party, Romme was one of the co-founders and was selected as the first Leader of the Catholic People's Party and the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the Catholic People's Party for the election of 1946 on 10 January 1946. The Catholic People's Party had 31 seats in the House of House of Representatives previously held by the Roman Catholic State Party and made a small win, gaining 1 seat and remained the largest party and now had 32 seats in the House of Representatives. Romme was elected again as a Member of the House of Representatives and became the Parliamentary leader of the Catholic People's Party in the House of Representatives on 4 June 1946. Romme served continuously as Leader and Parliamentary leader for the next 15 years and was Lijsttrekker for the elections of 1948, 1952, 1956 and 1959.

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown Belgium 18 February 1938
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange Netherlands 22 August 1946
  Knight Commander with Star of the
Order of the Holy Sepulchre
Holy See 10 December 1946
  Grand Officer of the Order of the Oak Crown Luxembourg 12 June 1948
  Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour France 6 February 1952
  Knight Commander with Star of the Order of St. Gregory the Great Holy See 8 March 1957
  Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit West Germany 29 April 1959
  Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 18 February 1961 Elevated from Commander (30 April 1956)
  Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 16 December 1971 Elevated from Knight (30 July 1939)
Honorific Titles
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Minister of State Netherlands 16 December 1971 Style of Excellency

Honorary degreesEdit

Honorary degrees
University Field Country Date Comment
Tilburg University Law Netherlands 21 November 1962 Style of Doctor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Romme, Carl Paul Maria (1896–1980)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2018.

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Leader of the Catholic
People's Party

1946–1961
Succeeded by
Wim de Kort
Lijsttrekker of the
Catholic People's Party

19461948195219561959
Succeeded by
Wim de Kort
1963
Preceded by
Frans Teulings
Parliamentary leader of the
Catholic People's Party in the
House of Representatives

1946–1960
Succeeded by
Jan Andriessen
Political offices
Preceded by
Marcus Slingenberg
Minister of Social Affairs
1937–1939
Succeeded by
Marinus Damme