The infraclassis Carinacea includes most living species of regular sea urchin, and fossil forms going back as far as the Triassic.

Temporal range: Late Triassic – Recent
Paracentrotus lividus profil.JPG
Paracentrotus lividus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Subclass: Euechinoidea
Infraclass: Carinacea
Kroh & Smith, 2010


List of orders according to World Register of Marine Species :


  • Andreas Kroh et Andrew B. Smith, « The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids », Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, vol. 8, no 2, 2010, p. 147-212