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Carúpano is a city in the eastern Venezuelan state of Sucre. It is located on the Venezuelan Caribbean coast at the opening of two valleys, some 120 km east of the capital of Sucre, Cumaná.[1] This city is the shire town of the Bermúdez Municipality and, according to the 2010 Venezuelan census, the municipality has a population of 173,877 inhabitants.[2]Carúpano is considered the gateway to the Paria Peninsula and its main commercial and financial center.

Carúpano
Plaza Colon de Carupano - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Carúpano
Flag
Official seal of Carúpano
Seal
Carúpano is located in Venezuela
Carúpano
Carúpano
Coordinates: 10°40′20″N 63°14′25″W / 10.67222°N 63.24028°W / 10.67222; -63.24028Coordinates: 10°40′20″N 63°14′25″W / 10.67222°N 63.24028°W / 10.67222; -63.24028
CountryVenezuela
StateSucre
MunicipalityBermúdez
Founded23 December 1647
Government
 • MayorNircia Villegas (PSUV)
Area
 • Total203 km2 (78 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total173.877 hab.
 • Density856/km2 (2,220/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Carupanero(a)
Time zoneUTC-4:30 (VST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4:30 (not observed)
Postal code
6150
Area code(s)(+58) 294
ClimateAw
Websitebermudez-sucre.gob.ve
The area and population figures are for the municipality
Panoramic View

HistoryEdit

It was somewhere on the Peninsula of Paria, near Carúpano, where Christopher Columbus first set foot on the American continent for the only time, during his third voyage (in all his other trips he only explored the Caribbean islands).

It was in Carúpano where Simón Bolívar, the liberator of Venezuela, issued a decree ending slavery in 1814.[3]

In 1815, King Ferdinand VII of Spain, sent a fleet of 18 warships and 42 cargo ships to Carupano and Isla Margarita with the mission of pacifying the revolts against the Spanish monarchy in the South American colonies.

In May 1962 Carúpano was the scene of a short-lived military rebellion against the government of Rómulo Betancourt, in which rebel military officers took over the city. The incident is known as El Carupanazo.

In July 1997, a violent earthquake struck the city and most of the state. This earthquake was centered in the town of Cariaco, where most of the deaths and damage occurred.[4][5]

EconomyEdit

Cacao, coffee, sugar, cotton, timber and rum[6] have been important exports of Carúpano since colonial times. Carupanese rums are highly appreciated nationwide, so the internal consumption usually leaves little surplus rum for export.

Currently the local General José Francisco Bermúdez Airport does not carry regular commercial flights.[7]

DemographicsEdit

 
Bermúdez Municipality in Sucre State

The Bermúdez Municipality, according to the 2001 Venezuelan census, has a population of 175,877 (up from 100,794 in 1990). This amounts to 15.5% of Sucre's population.[2] The municipality's population density is 1,559 people per square mile (601.95/km²).[1][2]

GovernmentEdit

Carúpano is the administrative centre of Bermúdez Municipality. The mayor of the Bermúdez Municipality is Nircia Villegas, elected in 2017.[8]

Sites of interestEdit

House of CableEdit

The House of Cable was where the first submarine cable between Europe and America arrived, joining the French city of Marseille with Carúpano, back in the late 19th century. This house is today the headquarters of the Tomas Merle foundation and the Paria Project, two organizations that promote tourism and industry.

Religious buildingsEdit

  • Iglesia Catedral Santa Rosa de Lima
  • Iglesia Santa Catalina de Siena
  • Iglesia Nuestra Señora de Coromoto
  • Iglesia San Martín de Porres
  • Iglesia Ntra. Señora del Valle
  • Iglesia San Rafael Ancargél
  • Capilla Santa Cruz(Guayacan de las Flores)
  • Capilla Santa Cruz(Guayacan de los Pescadores)
  • Capilla Santa Cruz(Sector el Mangle)

Squares and parksEdit

  • Plaza Andrés
  • Plaza Bolívar
  • Plaza Colón
  • Plaza Miranda
  • Plaza Santa Rosa
  • Plaza Suniaga
  • Parque Karupana



Middle Schools and High Schools:

  • U.E.P " Ramón León Santelli"(Escuela Privada,ubicada en Av. Independencia frente al Hotel Lilma).
  • U.E " J.J Martinez Mata "(Escuela Publica,ubicada en Av. Libertad,con calle Paez.
  • U.E.P " Rafael Osío Perez "(Liceo Privado,ubicada en Av. Independencia,con calle Paez.
  • U.E.P " Dr. José Gregorio Hernandez "(Escuela y Liceo Privado,ubicada en Av. Carabobo.
  • U.E.P " San José "(Escuela y Liceo Privado,ubicada en Av. Carabobo,con calle Las Margaritas,y calle Calvario.
  • U.E.P " Don Andrés Bello "(Escuela y Liceo Privado,ubicada en Av. Independencia frente a la Plaza Santa Rosa,y calle Dominicci.
  • U.E.P " Sagrado Corazón de Jesús "(Escuela Privada,ubicada en Calle Ecuador.
  • U.E.P " Inmaculado Corazón de María(Escuela Privada,ubicada en Av. Juncal,cerca del Supermercado Francys.
  • U.E " Antonio Jesús Rodriguez Abreu "(Escuela Publica,ubicada en Av. Principal de Canchunchu.
  • U.E " Pedro Elías Aristeguieta "(Escuela Publica,ubicada en calle Bolívar al Frente de la Infantería.
  • U.E " Manuel María Urbaneja "(Escuela Publica,ubicada en Calle Principal del Sector Curacho.
  • Liceo Metropolitano ‘’José Eusebio Acosta Peña‘’ "( Liceo Publico,ubicado en el muco las casitas )

Notable nativesEdit

Famous Carupaneros include Wolfgang Larrazábal, former president of Venezuela; Jictzad Viña, Miss Venezuela 2005; Antonio José de Sucre, one of the paramount leaders of the South American war of independence, was thought to have lived there but hailed from Cumana; Andrés Eloy Blanco, one of the most important Venezuelan poets also came from Cumana; Eladio Lárez, president of Radio Caracas Television, one of Venezuela's largest television networks; and Washington Nationals major league baseball catcher Jesús Flores.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carúpano". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

External linksEdit