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Capital punishment in the Netherlands

Capital punishment in the Netherlands (Dutch: doodstraf in Nederland) was abolished in 1870 in criminal law after the States General recognised it was "cruel and rude". The bill was introduced by liberal-catholic Minister of Justice Franciscus van Lilaar and debated in both the Senate and House of Representatives for seven days before approval. Following the abolition of the death penalty, life imprisonment was made an official punishment in 1878.

Between 1945 and 1952 several war criminals from World War II were sentenced to death by the Bijzonder Gerechtshof for treason of the State of the Netherlands and the deportation of Dutch Jews. The last persons to be executed under military law were SS officers Andries Jan Pieters and Artur Albrecht in March 1952. Capital punishment remained a legal military option until 1983 when it was explicitly forbidden in the Constitution of the Netherlands. In 1991, all references to the death penalty were removed from Dutch law.

Today the Netherlands operates a clear policy against capital punishment, not participating in extradition if the suspect has a chance of receiving the death penalty.[citation needed]

Contents

ConstitutionEdit

  • Article 114 of the Constitution (Dutch: Grondwet) prohibits sentencing someone to death.[1] This means that as a result, the death penalty does not exist in the Netherlands. It also means that the death penalty cannot be added to future or existing law articles. That would conflict with the Dutch Constitution Law.

Death Penalty in the Netherlands todayEdit

No party elected to the States General noiwadays support the reintroduction of the death penalty in the Netherlands.

Executed peopleEdit

Executed person Date of execution Crime(s) By Where Method
Ans van Dijk January 14, 1948 Treason of 700 hiding Jews during World War II. She collaborated with the Sicherheitsdienst Bijzonder Gerechtshof[2] Fort Bijlmer (nl) Firing squad
Anton Mussert May 7, 1946 High treason during World War II. Bijzonder Gerechtshof[2] Waalsdorpervlakte Firing squad

ReferencesEdit

General note: All sources are in Dutch.

Sources:

References:

  1. ^ "wetten.nl - Wet- en regelgeving - Grondwet - BWBR0001840". overheid.nl. 
  2. ^ a b This court was established shortly after World War II, for crimes committed in WW II. 145 were sentenced to death, but only 42 were executed. Some of those executions were done by firing squad.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Death penalty in the Netherlands at Wikimedia Commons