Canora, Saskatchewan

Canora is a town, located at the junction of highways No. 5 and 9 in east central Saskatchewan, about 50 km north of Yorkton. It is centrally located on the corners of four adjacent rural municipalities, including the RM of Good Lake. The community is home to approximately 3,500 residents and is part of the Canora-Pelly electoral district. The community was founded along the Canadian Northern Railway tracks - one of the companies that evolved into the Canadian National Railway (CN), and two CN freight lines (one east-west branch line to Saskatoon and one line going north) still run through Canora. The Canora railway station, downtown on the CN east-west line before the switch to the northbound line, is served by Via Rail on its passenger service from Winnipeg to Churchill, Manitoba.[4]

Canora
The "Welcome to Canora" statue, "Lesia"
The "Welcome to Canora" statue, "Lesia"
Flag of Canora
Flag
Motto(s): 
"Heart of Good Spirit Country"
Canora is located in Saskatchewan
Canora
Canora
Canora is located in Canada
Canora
Canora
Coordinates: 51°38′02″N 102°26′13″W / 51.63394°N 102.43691°W / 51.63394; -102.43691
CountryCanada
ProvinceSaskatchewan
RegionEast Central
Census divisionNo. 9
Rural MunicipalityGood Lake
Post Office Founded1904
Incorporated (Village)1905
Incorporated (Town)1910
Government
 • TypeMayor
 • Town ManagerMichael Mykytyshyn
 • Governing bodyCanora Town Council
 • M.P., Yorkton—MelvilleCathay Wagantall (2015)
 • M.L.A., Canora-PellyTerry Dennis (2016)
Area
 • Total7.31 km2 (2.82 sq mi)
Elevation487 m (1,598 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,219
 • Density303.7/km2 (787/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (CST)
Postal code
S0A 0L0
Area code(s)306/639
Highways Hwy 5 / Hwy 9
RailwaysCanadian National (freight),
Via Rail (passenger)
WaterwaysWhitesand River Assiniboine River
WebsiteCanora.com
[2][3]

DemographicsEdit

Canora became a village in 1905 and was incorporated as a town in 1910.

Canada census – Canora community profile
2011 2006
Population: 2219 (10.2% from 2006) 2013 (-8.5% from 2001)
Land area: 7.31 km2 (2.82 sq mi) 7.31 km2 (2.82 sq mi)
Population density: 303.7/km2 (787/sq mi) 275.5/km2 (714/sq mi)
Median age: 52.1 (M: 50.3, F: 53.7) 55.0 (M: 51.6, F: 57.3)
Total private dwellings: 1166 1142
Median household income:
References: 2011[5] 2006[6] earlier[7]

HistoryEdit

The area around Canora was first settled by Europeans in the late 19th century by Doukhobors, Romanians, and Ukrainians. The first ranchers arrived in the area in 1884. Two years later, in 1886, the land was officially surveyed by the Dominion government. The first Ukrainian block settlement in Saskatchewan was established in 1897 when 150 families arrived in the Canora District from Western Ukraine.[8] In 1904, the Canadian Northern Railway laid tracks through the area and in April of that same year, a post office was opened, a school district established and a town site was surveyed. A year later, in 1905, Canora was incorporated as a hamlet on the site of the train station, which now serves as the town's museum and tourist information centre. In 1908, Canora became a village.[9] The name Canora, is derived from the first two letters of the words "Canadian Northern Railway."[10] By 1910, with a growing population of around 400, Canora had officially achieved the status of a town. In 1912, the first Canora Chamber of Commerce was established.[11] Over the next few decades, the community experienced rapid growth with population levels remaining stable even through the Great Depression. Canora's population peaked in 1966 with about 2,734 residents.

Historical population of Canora, Saskatchewan
(Source: [12])
Year190619111921193119411951196119661981199120012011
Population1694351,2301,1791,2001,5632,1172,7372,6672,3812,2002,219

Doukhobor Trading CompanyEdit

Doukhobors in Canora were key to the town's development and, under the auspices of the Doukhobor Trading Company, undertook an ambitious building program on Second Avenue East, where they established several communally-run enterprises from 1907 to 1918.5[9]

AttractionsEdit

Canora boasts several community parks, walking trails, a junior Olympic-sized outdoor swimming pool, Civic Centre, the Sylvia Fedoruk Centre, Sports Service Centre, Sports Grounds, a golf course/activity centre, a tennis court and a skate park.

 
A historical marker for the old Canora Hospital.

Lakes & Parks - Canora is known as the "Heart of Good Spirit Country" as a result of its proximity to several lakes and parks, including Crystal Lake, Good Spirit Lake and Duck Mountain Provincial Park. The area is home to Saskatchewan's greatest number of golf courses per-capita and boasts one of the highest tee traffic counts in the province.

Lesia Statue[13] - Lesia is a 25-foot, 4,000 lb statue that honours the descendants of the Ukrainian and Eastern European settlers who made Canora their home and serves as welcome sign to visitors. The plaque on the base of the statue reads:

"Welcome - Veetayemo This traditional welcome with the bread and salt to all visitors is a universal custom and practice among Ukrainians and most Eastern European people, whose descendants have settled throughout Canada. To commemorate the 75th Anniversary of the Province of Saskatchewan and the Town of Canora, this symbol has been erected through the efforts of the Canora Chamber of Commerce, the Town of Canora, the Province of Saskatchewan and many other organizations and individuals. Canora Welcome Statue Committee".

The Lesia statue was created in 1979 by Canora residents Nicholas and Ores Lewchuk and took over a year to complete. The statue features a woman dressed in traditional Ukrainian costume, who is offering visitors a loaf of braided bread, called Kolach along with salt. For Ukrainians, bread is a highly respected food, and salt is viewed as a symbol of a long, enduring friendship. As part of a customary greeting, a loaf of bread, crowned with a salt cellar is set upon an embroidered ritual cloth. Guests are then offered a chunk of bread to dip into the salt. Lesia  was officially unveiled on September 3, 1980 by Right Honorable Edward Schreyer, Governor General of Canada to honour Saskatchewan's 75th anniversary.[14]

Ukrainian Heritage Museum - Canora's Ukrainian Heritage Museum explores all aspects of Ukrainian culture including history, arts folklore. Displays include exhibits of early settlers' artifacts from the area, books by renowned Ukrainian writers, Ukrainian regional costumes and embroideries, as well as traditional Ukrainian arts and crafts, culinary arts and festive events. The museum is run by volunteers and includes a small gift shop.[14]

Station House Museum - Canora's Visitor Information Centre and the CN Station House Museum is located in the oldest Class 3 railway station still operating in Saskatchewan.  It was erected in 1904 and its exhibits include displays of CN Rail memorabilia, pioneer artifacts, local art and souvenirs  Information regarding rail tours to Churchill, Manitoba is available at the museum with Via Rail service to Winnipeg and Churchill available twice weekly.

Toy & Autograph Museum - Canora is home to Canada's Only Toy & Autograph Museum.[15] The museum features a one-of-a-kind collection of over 1,000 toys and autographed photos including Stephen Harper as well as Laurel and Hardy.[16]

Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Heritage Church - A Municipal Heritage Property and Ukrainian Orthodox church that was originally constructed in 1928. The heritage value of Holy Trinity Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church resides in its connection with the congregation. Desiring to continue their cultural and spiritual practices in their adopted homeland, a Ukrainian Greek Orthodox parish was organised here in 1919. A desire to have their own place of worship led to the construction of this church in 1928. Although the parish built a larger church in 1963, this church is still periodically used and remains a landmark in the community. The heritage value of Holy Trinity Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church also lies in its Byzantine architecture. Designed by Temish Pavlychenko, the form, particularly the three domes set atop towers, are inspired by the Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Churches of Kiev. The interior is ornately decorated in the Byzantine tradition. Installed in 1944, the iconostasis is richly decorated with Ukrainian Orthodox iconography. The church closed in 1963, was designated a heritage site in 1984 and underwent a major restoration that was completed in 2000.[17]

Hugh Waddell Memorial (Canora Hospital) Site - Is a cairn dedicated to Canora's first hospital. Mary Waddell of Peterborough, Ont., donated $25,000 to the Presbyterian Church for construction of a hospital in her husband's name. In 1913, the Hugh Waddell Memorial Hospital was built on land donated by Christian R. Graham. It was erected by the Presbyterian Home Mission Society, one of two mission hospitals in Saskatchewan. Admitting patients in March, the hospital was officially opened on June 18, 1914, with 60 beds. It operated as a mission hospital until 1944 when it was purchased by the Canora Union Hospital Board. In 1950, a new wing was added, increasing its capacity to 82 beds. The hospital closed on July 4, 1968, and a commemorative cairn was erected in 2000.[14]

Trails - Canora boasts more than 150 km of trails, including over 144 km of marked and groomed snowmobile trails and more than 10 km of walking, cycling, jogging and cross-country ski trails. Trail surfaces vary from pavement to gravel and even include a foot bridge. These trails include; the Trans Canada Snowmobile Trail, with over ninety miles of signed and groomed trails in the immediate area and access to numerous other snowmobile trails, the Trans-Canada Trail, which f will take you to some of the most popular out-of-town attractions. Westward travellers will come upon the Good Spirit Lake Provincial Park, Burgis Beach and Canora Beach; while eastward travellers will discover Duck Mountain Lake Provincial Park and the National Doukhobor Heritage Village.[18] The Urban Habitat Trail that was created by the River Ridge Wildlife Club and formed in-cooperation with the Town of Canora, Ducks Unlimited Canada and the PFRA. This trail is an educational and interpretive trail that highlights the natural habitat, wildlife and plant species of the area. The 8.6 km long Walking Trail that winds through Canora's natural landscape.

Water - Canora was judged to have the best-tasting municipal water in Canada at the 13th annual international water tasting competition held in 2003 in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, U.S. Canora's water, supplied by several ground wells northeast of the community, also placed fourth internationally at the competition that received entries from eight countries and 23 states. Free samples of this great-tasting water are available at the CN Station House Museum during the summer months.

Nicholas Lewchuk Property - The Nicholas Lewchuk Property is a Municipal Heritage Property that features a house, a ferris wheel, an airplane swing and two midway trailers. The Lewchuk family emigrated from the Ukraine when Nicholas was a child and homesteaded near Canora in 1902. Lewchuck's eclectic interests came to include vaudeville, publishing, magic, photography, design, recording and horticulture. In the 1920s, he founded a travelling vaudeville show and carnival that toured the prairies and western Ontario for the next five decades. Lewchuk designed and built the carnival rides himself, the “airplane swing” being the first. Around 1908, Lewchuk's father built the house and Nicholas lived here during the “off-season” for most of his life. From an office off the main entrance, he wrote and edited English and Ukrainian periodicals and ran the seed catalogue business founded by his mother. In 1968 the rides, trailers and animal pens from the travelling carnival were set up permanently in the yard behind the house. Known as the “Fun Spot,” Lewchuk operated his midway intermittently for the next few years. Lewchuk continued his publishing, editing and horticultural activities intermittently until his death in 1990.[19][20]

Canora Attractions Gallery

Annual EventsEdit

Canora hosts two week-long festivals that celebrate both winter and summer.

Canora in Bloom - Canora's week-long annual summer festival that takes place in July and features family friendly activities, including pool activities, movie nights, golf nights, an old fashioned picnic with local musicians and numerous dinners and suppers hosted by local groups and organizations.

Winter Lights FestivalEdit

Winter Lights Festival - Canora's week-long annual winter festival that features events such as a family skate with Santa, family movie night, youth events, a children's carnival, an evening parade followed by a community bonfire and fireworks display, as well as numerous dinners hosted by local community groups and organizations.

Famous ResidentsEdit

Sylvia Fedoruk, Saskatchewan's first woman Lieutenant-Governor, was born in Canora in 1927.[21]

John Hnatyshyn, Canadian senator and lawyer born in Canora in 1907.[22]

Harry Fain, a lawyer who represented clients such as Elvis Presley, Carey Grant, Lee Majors, Rod Steiger and Ali MacGraw, was born in Canora in 1908.

Florence Storgoff, a political and Freedomite activist, was born in Canora in 1908.[23]

Allan McKinnon, a Canadian politician, was born in Canora in 1917.[24]

Warner Jorgenson, a Canadian politician, was born in Canora in 1918.[25]

Lorne Kopelchuk, a Canadian politician, was born in Canora in 1938.[26]

Cliff Koroll, a National Hockey League player and coach and Saskatchewan Sports Hall of Famer was born in Canora in 1946.[27]

Harold Phillipoff, a National Hockey League player, was raised in Canora.[28]

Tyler Wright, a National Hockey League player and coach, was born in Canora in 1973.[29]

Cam Severson, a National Hockey League player was born in Canora in 1978.[30]

Terry Dennis, a Saskatchewan politician, was born in Canora.[31]

Protective ServicesEdit

Canora is protected by the Canora-Sturgis RCMP detachment. The detachment has 8 members, between Canora and Sturgis.[32]

Canora and area is served by a full-time Ambulance service – consisting of 3 PCP's, 3 ICP's, and two ACP's.[33]

Canora's fire protection is provided by 21 professionally trained and certified paid-per-call staff. Along with fire protection they also provide rescue services such as vehicle extrication. Their services are also utilised in surrounding Rural Municipalities.[34]

TransportationEdit

Canora is located at the junction of east-west Saskatchewan Highway 5 and north-south Saskatchewan Highway 9. The town also serves as a hub for two freight lines of the Canadian National Railway. The downtown Canora railway station is served by Via Rail passenger service as a stop on the Winnipeg–Churchill train.[4]

The Canora Airport is a grass landing strip located adjacent to the town with no permanent terminal facilities.[35]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Atlas of Canada". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-13.
  2. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
  3. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System". Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
  4. ^ a b "Canora train station". www.viarail.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ "Ukrainian Settlers of Canora - Saskatchewan Historical Markers on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  9. ^ a b Kalmakoff, By Jonathan J. "The Doukhobor Trading Company in Canora". Canora Courier. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  10. ^ "Canora". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  11. ^ McLennan, David (2008). Our Towns: Saskatchewan Communities from Abbey to Zenon Park. Regina, Saskatchewan: University of Regina Press. pp. 52–53. ISBN 978-0889772090.
  12. ^ "Population of the Prairie Provinces, 1901,1906,1911 and 1916" (PDF). 2011. Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  13. ^ "Attractions in Canora, Lesia Statue". Town of Canora. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  14. ^ a b c "Attractions - Town of Canora". Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  15. ^ "Attractions - Town of Canora". Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  16. ^ "Canadas Only Toy and Autograph Museum | Tourism Saskatchewan". www.tourismsaskatchewan.com. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  17. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  18. ^ "Connections: Canora welcomes the Trans Canada Trail". The Great Trail. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  19. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  20. ^ "Professor N.P. Lewchuk's Traveling Midway". Western Development Museum. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  21. ^ "The Honourable Sylvia Fedoruk | Canadian Medical Hall of Fame". www.cdnmedhall.org. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  22. ^ "Profile". lop.parl.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  23. ^ "On the Job - Religious Leaders". famouscanadianwomen.com. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  24. ^ "Profile". lop.parl.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  25. ^ "Profile". lop.parl.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  26. ^ "Lorne Kopelchuk fonds - SAIN Collections". sain.scaa.sk.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  27. ^ "Cliff Koroll". Saskatchewan Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  28. ^ "Harold Phillipoff Hockey Stats and Profile at hockeydb.com". www.hockeydb.com. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  29. ^ Savage, Brendan (2013-07-12). "Detroit Red Wings hire Tyler Wright as director of amateur scouting, promote Jeff Finley to chief scout". mlive.com. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  30. ^ "Cam Severson Stats and News". NHL.com. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  31. ^ "Terry Dennis at Saskatchewan Party". Saskatchewan Party. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  32. ^ Government of Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (2015-07-14). "Canora detachment - Saskatchewan". www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  33. ^ "Facilities: Canora -- > Sunrise Health Region". www.sunrisehealthregion.sk.ca. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  34. ^ "Emergency Services - Town of Canora". Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  35. ^ CA-SK), Saskatchewan (province; Canada (CA); Great Circle Mapper: Map, Blue Marble; Google Maps: Map, Satellite; Yandex Maps: Map, Satellite; Map, Bing Maps; Canada, CIA: The World Factbook; NAV Canada - Canada Flight Supplement, effective 21 Jul 2016-15 Sep 2016; Model (WMM2015v2), World Magnetic. "CJR7 - Canora [Canora Airport], SK, CA - Airport - Great Circle Mapper". www.gcmap.net. Retrieved 2019-07-21.

External linksEdit